Ricinus communis

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Ricinus communis

Ricinus communis in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Bimayou

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Castor oil

Specific Name  : Oleum ricini

Scientific Name:
Collection  :

Description  : Almost colorlessn or pale yellow, clear viscid liquid, odour slight and taste weak then slightly pungent. Freely soluble in ethanol, freely miscible with dehydrated ethanol, chloroform, ether or glacial acetic acid.Relative density: 0.956 - 0.969 at 25ºC (Appendix Vll A)Refractive index: 1.478 - 1.480 (Appendix Vll F)Acid value: Not more than 2.0 (Appendix lX N)Saponification value: 176 - 186 (Appendix lX N)Iodine value: 82 - 90 (Appendix lX N)Other oils: To 1g of the oil add 4ml of ethanol, the solution is clear then add 15 ml of ethanol, the solution should not be turbid.

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  : Purgative by stimulating intestinal peristalsis.

Indication  : used for evacuation of the bowels

Precautions  : Incompatible with fat-soluble anthelmintics. Contraindicated in pregnancy.

Dosage  : 10 to 20 ml.

Storage  : Preserve in well closed containers, protected from light.

P456 2.jpg


Other Names:

Historical Use of Ricinus communis

Ricinus communis in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Bimazi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Castor seed

Specific Name  : Semen ricini

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The fruit is collected in autumn when ripe, dried in the sun, removed from pericarp and the seed is gathered.

Description  : Ellipsoidal or ovoid, slightly flattened, o.9 - 1.8 cm long, 0.5 - 1cm wide. Externally smooth, alternately with greyish white and blackish brown or yellowish brown and reddish brown piebald striations. One side relatively even, bearing one prominent raphe and the other side slightly raised. A greyish white or pale brown, prominent caruncle at one end. Testa thin and brittle, endosperm plump, white and oily, 2 cotyledons, thin odorless and slightly bitter and pungent.

Identification  :

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, remove the testa and break to pieces before use.

Action  : To induce subsidence of swellinh and remove toxic substances, to cause purgation.

Indication  : carbuncle, boil and other pyogenic infections of the skin, sore throat, scrofula; constipation

Precautions  :

Dosage  : For external use, appropriate quantity to be pounded into paste and applied topically; also used in making pills for oral administration.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place.

Synonymns for Ricinus communis

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Ricinus communis

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Ricinus communis in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Niccolò Alfano, Valentina Tagliapietra, Fausta Rosso, Ute Ziegler, Daniele Arnoldi, Annapaola Rizzoli
Tick-borne encephalitis foci in northeast Italy revealed by combined virus detection in ticks, serosurvey on goats and human cases.
Emerg Microbes Infect: 2020, 9(1);474-484
[PubMed:32100632] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

M V S Lima, A R Bagaldo, M Müller, E E G Pinheiro, B J Almeida, L C Mugab, F L Araújo, L R Bezerra, R L Oliveira
Intake, digestibility, ingestive behavior, production, and composition of goat milk supplemented with detoxified castor bean meal added urea as a replacement of soybean meal.
Trop Anim Health Prod: 2020;
[PubMed:32086699] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Monika Kajal, Nishant Kaushal, Ravneet Kaur, Kashmir Singh
Identification of novel microRNAs and their targets in Chlorophytum borivilianum by small RNA and degradome sequencing.
Noncoding RNA Res: 2019, 4(4);141-154
[PubMed:32072082] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Xiupei Zhou, Sheliang Wang, Yonghong Liu, Guoyong Huang, Shiyuan Yao, Hongqing Hu
Coupling phytoremediation efficiency and detoxification to assess the role of P in the Cu tolerant Ricinus communis L.
Chemosphere: 2020, 247;125965
[PubMed:32069730] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Sophia Körner, Gustavo R Makert, Katja Mertens-Scholz, Klaus Henning, Martin Pfeffer, Alexander Starke, Ard M Nijhof, Sebastian Ulbert
Uptake and fecal excretion of Coxiella burnetii by Ixodes ricinus and Dermacentor marginatus ticks.
Parasit Vectors: 2020, 13(1);75
[PubMed:32059686] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects