Curcuma longa

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Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Curcuma longa

Curcuma longa in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chuanyujin ´¨Óô½ð Guangyujin ¹ãÓô½ð Heiyujin ºÚÓô½ð Huangyujin »ÆÓô½ð Chinese Name (pinyin): Yujin

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Curcuma Root

Specific Name  : Radix curcumae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in winter when stem and leaves wither, removed from soil and rootlets, steamed or boiled thoroughly and dried.

Description  : Wen Yujin: Oblong or ovoid, slightly compressed or curved, the two ends tapering, 3.5 - 7 cm long, 1.2 - 2.5 cm in diameter. Externally pale brown or greyish brown with irregular longitudinal wrinkles, the raised longitudinal wrinkles pale in colour. Texture compact fracture greyish brown and horny. Endodermis ring distinct. Odour slightly aromatic, taste slightly bitter. Huang Si Yujin: Fusiform, sometimes slender at one end. 2.5 - 4.5 cm long, 1 - 1.8 cm in diameter, externally brownish grey or greyish yellow with fine wrinkles. Fracture orange but edges brownish yellow to brownish red. Odour aromatic, taste pungent.Gui Yujin: Long conical or oblong. 2 - 6.5 cm long, 1 - 1.8 cm in diameter. Externally with sparse and shallow wrinkles or relatively coarse reticulate wrinkles. Odour slight, taste slightly pungent and bitter.LüSi Yujin: Long ellipsoid rather stout, 1.5 - 3.5cm long, 1 - 1.2 cm in diameter. Odour slight, taste weak.

Identification  : Transverse sectionWen Yujin: Epidermal cells sometimes remaining, the outer walls slightly thickened. Velamen narrow, composed of 4 - 8 layers of cells with slightly sinous and thin walls regularly arranged. Cortex ½ as wide as the diameter of the root, oil cells poorly visible, endodermis distinct. In stele, phloem bundle and xylem bundles 40 - 55 respectively, vessels 2 - 4 in xylem bundle and xylem fibres slightly lignified. Vessels polygonal thin walled, 20 - 90µm in diameter. All starch granules in parenchymatous cells gelatinized.Huang Si Yujin: The walls of the inner most layer of velamen thickened. Sometimes xylem vessels and fibres arranged in a continuous ring, oil cells numerous, pigment cells scattered throughout parenchyma.Gui Yujin: The walls of velamen occasionally thickened, the inner side of velamen showing 1 - 2 rows of sclerenchymatous cells arranged in a ring with distinct striations. Vessels subrounded up to 160µm in diameter.Lü Yujin: The cells of velamen not thickened. At the outside of the stele cortex frequently exhibiting pigment cells. Phloem bundle shriveled, xylem bundles more, 64 - 72 vessels flattened.Water: Carry out the determination of water (Appendix lX H, method 2) not more than 15.0%.Total ash: Not more than 9.0%

Processing  : Wash clean, soften thoroughly, cut into thin slices and dry, or wash clean, dry, and then break to pieces.

Action  :

Indication  : amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, distending or pricking pain in the chest and abdomen; impairment of consciousness in febrile diseases, epilepsy, mania; jaundice with dark urine

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3-10g

Storage  :

Tcm216.jpg
Tcm p5514 01 008.jpg
P267 3.jpg
P267 2.jpg
P267 1.jpg
Tcm123.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Curcuma longa

Curcuma longa in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Jianghuang ½ª»Æ Chinese Name (pinyin): Sejianghuang

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Turmeria

Specific Name  : Rhizoma Curcumae Longae

Scientific Name:
Collection  :

Description  :

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  :

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3-10g

Storage  :

Tcm216.jpg
Tcm p5514 01 008.jpg
P267 3.jpg
P267 2.jpg
P267 1.jpg
Tcm123.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Curcuma longa

Curcuma longa in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Jianghuang

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Turmeric

Specific Name  : Rhizoma curcumae longae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in winter when the aerial part wither, wash clean, boiled or steamed thoroughly, dried in the sun and removed from fibrous root.

Description  : Irregularly ovoid, cylindrical or fusiform, frequently curved, some short branched in Y-shape, 2 - 5 cm long, 1 - 3 cm in diameter. Externally dark yellow, rough with wrinkled striations and distinct rings and exhibiting some rounded scars of branched rhizomes and fibrous roots scars. Texture hard, uneasily broken, fracture brownish yellow to golden yellow, horny with wax lustre, endodermis ring distinct, scattered with dotted vascular bundles. Odour characteristic and aromatic, taste bitter and pungent.

Identification  : 1.Transverse section: Epidermis consisting of 1 layer of cells, flattened, thin walled. Cortex broad, scattered with leaf trace bundles at the outside near the epidermis 6 - 8 layers of cork cells present, flattened thin walled, regularly arranged, endodermal cells consisting of 1 - 2 rows of parenchymatous cells. Closed collateral bundles scattered, some more near the pericycle, lessened inward. Parenchymatous cell pack with droplets of volatile oil, starch granules and reddish brown pigments.2.Place a small quantity of powder on a piece of filter paper, add 1 drop of each of ethanol and ether. Allow to dry and discard the powder. The filter paper becomes yellow which turns gradually to orange on adding 1 drop of warm saturated solution of boric acid, to bluish black and gradually to brown on adding 1 drop of ammonia TS and to orange again on long standing.Water: Carry out the determination of water (Appendix lX H, method 2) not more than 16.0%Total ash: Not more than 7.0% (Appendix lX K)Acid Insoluble ash: Not more than 1.0% (Appendix lX K)Assay: Carry out the method for determination of volatile oil (Appendix X D). It contains not less than 7.0% (ml/g) of volatile oil.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, soak briefly, wash clean, soften thoroughly, cut into thick slices and dry in the sun.

Action  : To eliminate blood stasis, promote the flow of qi, stimulate menstrual discharge and relieve pain.

Indication  : pricking pain in the chest and hypochondriac regions; amenorrhea; mass formation in the abdomen; rheumatic pain in the shoulders and arms; traumatic swelling and pain

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 9 g; appropriate quantity for external use.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place.

Synonymns for Curcuma longa

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Curcuma longa

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Curcuma longa in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Letizia Bresciani, Claudia Favari, Luca Calani, Veronica Francinelli, Antonella Riva, Giovanna Petrangolini, Pietro Allegrini, Pedro Mena, Daniele Del Rio
The Effect of Formulation of Curcuminoids on Their Metabolism by Human Colonic Microbiota.
Molecules: 2020, 25(4);
[PubMed:32093121] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Wenhao Weng, Ajay Goel
Curcumin and Colorectal Cancer: An Update and Current Perspective On This Natural Medicine.
Semin. Cancer Biol.: 2020;
[PubMed:32088363] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Ting Lu, Yong Bian, Yan Zhu, Mengjie Guo, Ye Yang, Jianming Guo, Chunyan Gu, Jin-Ao Duan
HUANGKUISIWUFANG inhibits pyruvate dehydrogenase to improve glomerular injury in anti-Thy1 nephritis model.
J Ethnopharmacol: 2020;
[PubMed:32087318] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Roberto de Oliveira Portella, Marcia Ortiz Mayo Marques, Elizabeth Orika Ono, Paulo Sérgio Siberti da Silva, Adalton Mazetti Fernandes, Luiz Fernando Rolim de Almeida
##Title##
Nat. Prod. Res.: 2020;1-4
[PubMed:32081040] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Peng Liu, Kang Miao, Lei Zhang, Yong Mou, Yongjian Xu, Weining Xiong, Jun Yu, Yi Wang
Curdione ameliorates bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis by repressing TGF-β-induced fibroblast to myofibroblast differentiation.
Respir. Res.: 2020, 21(1);58
[PubMed:32075634] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects