Canavalia gladiata

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Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Canavalia gladiata

Canavalia gladiata in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Daodou

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Jack Bean

Specific Name  : Semen canavaliae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The fruit is collected in autumn when ripe and the seed is gathered and dried in the sun.

Description  : Flattened ovoid or flattened reniform, 2 - 3.5cm long, 1 - 2cm wide, 0.5 - 1.2cm thick. The outer surface pale red to reddish purple, slightly shrunken, somewhat lustrous. A black eyebrow shape hilum occurred at the edge about 2cm long, exhibiting 3 white fine striations. Texture hard, uneasily broken, lustrous, 2 cotyledons. Yellowish white, oily, odorless, taste weak, bean like on chewing. Transverse section: Epidermis of 1 layer of palisade cells, 2 layers at hilum with cuticle, light bend distinct. Supporting cells of 2 - 6 layers, dumbell shape. Nutritive layer consisting of more than 10 layers of parenchymatous cells, tangentially elongated, the inner ones obiterate. Vascular bundles visible, several layers of cells of cotyledons located under testa, polygonal containinf numerous starch granules. Tracheid islet, walls reticularly thickened, bodered pits few, sub-rounded by 4 - 5 layers of parenchymatous cerlls with stellate tissue at two sides, cells stellate with large inter cellular space.

Identification  :

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matters, break to pieces before use.

Action  : To warm the stomach and check its upward adverse movement.

Indication  : Hiccup and vomiting of deficiency cold-type

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 6 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

Synonymns for Canavalia gladiata

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Canavalia gladiata

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Canavalia gladiata in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Kaho Nishizawa, Yasuhiro Arii
Structural transitions of sword bean canavalin in response to different salt concentrations.
Heliyon: 2019, 5(12);e03037
[PubMed:31890966] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

Hwa-Jeong Lee, Jung Up Park, Rui Hong Guo, Bok Yun Kang, In-Kyu Park, Young Ran Kim
##Title##
Am. J. Chin. Med.: 2019, 47(7);1571-1588
[PubMed:31645121] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Yue Zhou, Xiao-Yu Xu, Ren-You Gan, Jie Zheng, Ya Li, Jiao-Jiao Zhang, Dong-Ping Xu, Hua-Bin Li
##Title##
Antioxidants (Basel): 2019, 8(7);
[PubMed:31261608] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

Kaho Nishizawa, Yasuhiro Arii
Sword bean variants and different pretreatments influence protein extraction and protein properties.
Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.: 2018, 82(10);1821-1824
[PubMed:29966493] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Ren-You Gan, Kin-Weng Kong, Hua-Bin Li, Kao Wu, Ying-Ying Ge, Chak-Lun Chan, Xian-Ming Shi, Harold Corke
##Title##
Front Chem: 2018, 6;39
[PubMed:29541634] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects