Bubalus bubalis

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Bubalus bubalis

Bubalus bubalis in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Shuiniujiao

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Buffalo horn

Specific Name  : Cornu bubali

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is boiled with water, remove from bony plug and dried.

Description  : Somewhat flattened and curved conical, varying in length. The surface brownish-black or greyish-black with several transverse grooves on one side and densely transverse depressed stripes on the other side. The upper part gradually pointed with longitudinal stripes, the basal part somewhat triangular, hollowed. Texture horny, hard, odour slightly stinky and taste weak.Identification: Powder greyish brown, Irregular broken pieces pale greyish yellow. In longitudinal section, slender spindle shaped striations with longtudinal long slits and minute greyish brown pigment granules visible, In transverse section, spindle shaped striations parallely arranged, wave with many yellowish-brown pigment granules. The surface of some broken pieces relatively even, pigment granules and slit less, poorly visible.

Identification  :

Processing  : Wash clean, cut to slices or file to coarse powder.

Action  : To remove toxic heat, to reduce heat in blood, and to arrest convulsions.

Indication  : high fever, delirium and eruptions epidemic diseases; spitting of blood, epistaxis; convulsions and mania

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 15 to 30 g, to be decocted for more than 3 hours before other ingredients.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place, protected from mould.

Synonymns for Bubalus bubalis

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Bubalus bubalis

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Bubalus bubalis in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Mohamed M I Salem, Amin Mohamed Said Amin, Ayman Fouad Abd Elhady Ashour, Mohamed Mohamed El-Said Ibrahim, Mohammed Kotb Abo-Ismail
Genetic parameters and Principal components analysis of breeding value for birth and weaning weight in Egyptian buffalo.
Asian-australas. J. Anim. Sci.: 2020;
[PubMed:32054164] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P a)

Seyed Mohammad Ghoreishifar, Hossein Moradi-Shahrbabak, Mohammad Hossein Fallahi, Mohammad Moradi-Shahrbabak, Rostam Abdollahi-Arpanahi, Majid Khansefid
Genomic measures of inbreeding coefficients and genome-wide scan for runs of homozygosity islands in Iranian river buffalo, Bubalus bubalis.
BMC Genet.: 2020, 21(1);16
[PubMed:32041535] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Karima F Mahrous, Mohamad M Aboelenin, Mohamed A Rashed, Mahmoud A Sallam, Hossam E Rushdi
Detection of polymorphism within leptin gene in Egyptian river buffalo and predict its effects on different molecular levels.
J Genet Eng Biotechnol: 2020, 18(1);6
[PubMed:32037476] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

S Sajid Ali, S V Kuralkar, Ramendra Das, Varinder Raina, R S Kataria, Vikas Vohra
Assessment of genetic diversity and bottleneck in Purnathadi buffaloes using short tandem repeat markers.
Anim. Biotechnol.: 2020;1-12
[PubMed:32031492] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Eyup Eren Gultepe, Cangir Uyarlar, Ibrahim Sadi Cetingul, Aamir Iqbal, Umit Ozcinar, Ismail Bayram, Barry J Bradford
Comparison of ruminal digestibility of Origanum onites L. leaves in dairy buffalo and cows.
Trop Anim Health Prod: 2020;
[PubMed:32030523] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects