Arisaema erubescens

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Arisaema erubescens

Arisaema erubescens in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Dannanxing

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Bile Arisaema

Specific Name  : Arisaema Cum Bile

Scientific Name:
Collection  :

Description  : Cubic or cylindrical, brownish-yellow, greyish-brown or brownish-black. Texture: hard, odor: slightly fishy, taste: bitter.

Identification  : (1) Powder: Pale yellowish-brown, parenchymatous cells subrounded filled with gelatinized starch granules. Raphides of calcium oxalate 20-90µm long. Spiral and annular vessels 8-60µm in diameter.(2). 0.2g of the powder, add 5ml of water, shake and filter. Transfer 2ml of the filtrate to a test tube furfural (1?100) and add 2ml of sulfuric acid along the tube wall, brownish-red ring is produced at the junction of the two layers.

Processing  :

Action  : To remove heat and resolve phlegm, and to calm the nerves.

Indication  : cough with yelloish sticky expectoraion; stroke, mania, epilepsy

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 6 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated dry place, protected from moth.

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Arisaema erubescens

Arisaema erubescens in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Shengnanxing ÉúÄÏÐÇ Zhinanxing ÖÆÄÏÐÇ Chinese Name (pinyin): Tiannanxing

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Arisaema Tuber

Specific Name  : Rhizoma arisaematis

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn and winter when the stem and leaf are withered, removed from fibrous root and outer tissue and dried.

Description  : Oblate, 1 - 2 cm high, 1.5 - 6.5 cm in diameter, Externally whitish or brownish, relatively smooth. Top with dented stem scars, encircled with numerous pitted fibrous root scar, some tuber surrounded by small oblate lateral buds. Texture hard uneasily broken, fracture uneven, white and starchy, odour acrid, taste numb and pungent.

Identification  : Powder: Whitish, starch granules mainly simple, spherical oblong, 2 - 17 µm in diameter, hilum pointed, slit shaped, faint striation of large granules visible. Compound granules few, consisting of 2 - 12 components. Needle crystals of calcium oxalate scattered or in bundles embedded in mucilage cells. 63 - 131 µm long. Prisms of calcium oxalate mostly found in parenchymatous cells accompanied by vessels, 3 - 20 µm in diameter.

Processing  : Rhizoma Arisaematis (unprepared) Eliminate foreign matter, wash clean and dry.(Prepared): Take clean Rhizoma Arisaematis, grade according to size, soak in water separately and change water 2 - 3 times a day, add alumen after changing water if white foam is produced (to each 100 kg of Rhizoma Arisaematis add 2 kg of Alumen). After soaking for a day, change water again and take out when the cut surface of the drug has a taste of slight tongue-numbing sensation. Boil the slices of Rhizoma Zingeberis and Alumen in a pot with a quatity of water then add Rhizoma Arisaematis and boil until the cut surface of the drug is absent from the dry center part. Take out and removed Rhizoma Zingiberis, dry the drug in air briefly, cut into thin slices and dry thoroughly. To each 100 kg of Rhizoma Arisaematis add 12.5 kg of Rhizoma Zingiberis and 12.5 kg of Alumen.

Action  :

Indication  : intractable phlegm with cough; vertigo; stroke with phlegm in the throat, deviation of the eye and the mouth, hemiplegia; epilepsy and convulsions; tetanus. External use for boils, sores, snake and insect bites

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3-10g

Storage  :

Synonymns for Arisaema erubescens

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Arisaema erubescens

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Arisaema erubescens in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Ping-Ping Guo, Wei Shui, Cong Jiang, Xiao-Mei Jian, Su-Feng Zhu, Yong-Yong Zhang, Jie Feng, Yi-Ping Chen
[Niche characteristics of understory dominant species of talus slope in degraded tiankeng]. [退化天坑倒石坡林下优势物种生态位特征.]
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao: 2019, 30(11);3635-3645
[PubMed:31833675] [] [DOI] (P p)

Wenshan Ke, Xi Cheng, Dezhi Cao, Qixiang Sun, Qian Zhang
Molluscicidal activity of Arisaema erubescens mixed with fertilizers against Oncomelania hupensis and its effect on rice germination and growth.
Acta Trop.: 2018, 179;55-60
[PubMed:29287760] [] [DOI] (I p)

B C Moon, W J Kim, Y Ji, Y M Lee, Y M Kang, G Choi
Molecular identification of the traditional herbal medicines, Arisaematis Rhizoma and Pinelliae Tuber, and common adulterants via universal DNA barcode sequences.
Genet. Mol. Res.: 2016, 15(1);
[PubMed:26909979] [] [DOI] (I e)

Lin-Chun Shi, Jun Chen, Li Xiang, Jing-Yuan Song, Hui Yao
[DNA barcoding identification between arisaematis rhizoma and its adulterants based on ITS2 sequences].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi: 2014, 39(12);2176-9
[PubMed:25244739] [] (P p)

Xian Qiong Liu, Hao Wu, Hong Li Yu, Teng Fei Zhao, Yao Zong Pan, Run Jun Shi
Purification of a lectin from Arisaema erubescens (Wall.) Schott and its pro-inflammatory effects.
Molecules: 2011, 16(11);9480-94
[PubMed:22083235] [] [DOI] (I e)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects