Arisaema amurense

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Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Arisaema amurense

Arisaema amurense in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Shengnanxing ÉúÄÏÐÇ Zhinanxing ÖÆÄÏÐÇ Chinese Name (pinyin): Tiannanxing

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Arisaema Tuber

Specific Name  : Rhizoma arisaematis

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn and winter when the stem and leaf are withered, removed from fibrous root and outer tissue and dried.

Description  : Oblate, 1 - 2 cm high, 1.5 - 6.5 cm in diameter, Externally whitish or brownish, relatively smooth. Top with dented stem scars, encircled with numerous pitted fibrous root scar, some tuber surrounded by small oblate lateral buds. Texture hard uneasily broken, fracture uneven, white and starchy, odour acrid, taste numb and pungent.

Identification  : Powder: Whitish, starch granules mainly simple, spherical oblong, 2 - 17 µm in diameter, hilum pointed, slit shaped, faint striation of large granules visible. Compound granules few, consisting of 2 - 12 components. Needle crystals of calcium oxalate scattered or in bundles embedded in mucilage cells. 63 - 131 µm long. Prisms of calcium oxalate mostly found in parenchymatous cells accompanied by vessels, 3 - 20 µm in diameter.

Processing  : Rhizoma Arisaematis (unprepared) Eliminate foreign matter, wash clean and dry.(Prepared): Take clean Rhizoma Arisaematis, grade according to size, soak in water separately and change water 2 - 3 times a day, add alumen after changing water if white foam is produced (to each 100 kg of Rhizoma Arisaematis add 2 kg of Alumen). After soaking for a day, change water again and take out when the cut surface of the drug has a taste of slight tongue-numbing sensation. Boil the slices of Rhizoma Zingeberis and Alumen in a pot with a quatity of water then add Rhizoma Arisaematis and boil until the cut surface of the drug is absent from the dry center part. Take out and removed Rhizoma Zingiberis, dry the drug in air briefly, cut into thin slices and dry thoroughly. To each 100 kg of Rhizoma Arisaematis add 12.5 kg of Rhizoma Zingiberis and 12.5 kg of Alumen.

Action  :

Indication  : intractable phlegm with cough; vertigo; stroke with phlegm in the throat, deviation of the eye and the mouth, hemiplegia; epilepsy and convulsions; tetanus. External use for boils, sores, snake and insect bites

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3-10g

Storage  :

Synonymns for Arisaema amurense

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Arisaema amurense

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Arisaema amurense in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

B C Moon, W J Kim, Y Ji, Y M Lee, Y M Kang, G Choi
Molecular identification of the traditional herbal medicines, Arisaematis Rhizoma and Pinelliae Tuber, and common adulterants via universal DNA barcode sequences.
Genet. Mol. Res.: 2016, 15(1);
[PubMed:26909979] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Lin-Chun Shi, Jun Chen, Li Xiang, Jing-Yuan Song, Hui Yao
[DNA barcoding identification between arisaematis rhizoma and its adulterants based on ITS2 sequences].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi: 2014, 39(12);2176-9
[PubMed:25244739] [WorldCat.org] (P p)

Seung Mok Ryoo, Chang Hwan Sohn, Bum Jin Oh, Won Young Kim, Kyoung Soo Lim, Christopher C Lee
Oropharyngeal airway obstruction after the accidental ingestion of Arisaema amurense.
J Emerg Med: 2013, 45(3);352-4
[PubMed:23643241] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Evelien Rozema, Ruxandra Popescu, Harald Sonderegger, Christian W Huck, Johannes Winkler, Georg Krupitza, Ernst Urban, Brigitte Kopp
Characterization of glucocerebrosides and the active metabolite 4,8-sphingadienine from Arisaema amurense and Pinellia ternata by NMR and CD spectroscopy and ESI-MS/CID-MS.
J. Agric. Food Chem.: 2012, 60(29);7204-10
[PubMed:22769731] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Hao Wu, Xiuyun Ge, Hongli Yu, Lin Chen
[Comparisons of crystal form of raphides to toxicity raphides in four poisonous herbs of Araceae family].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi: 2010, 35(9);1152-5
[PubMed:20707072] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects