Trigonella foenum-graecum

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Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Trigonella foenum-graecum

Trigonella foenum-graecum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Huluba

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Common Fenugreek Seed

Specific Name  : Semen trigonellae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The plant is collected in summer when the fruit is ripe, dried in the sun. The seed is tapped out and remove from foreign matter.

Description  : Slightly rhomboid or rectangular, 3 - 4 mm long, 2 - 3 mm wide about 2mm thick. Externally yellowish green or yellowish brown, smooth with a deep oblique furrow on each of the two sides and a point like hilum at the intersection of the two furrows. Texture hard, uneasily broken. Testa thin, endosperm translucent and viscous, 2 cotyledons, pale yellow, radicle curved plump and long, odor aromatic, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : Transverse section: Palisade cells of epidermis 1 layer with thickened outer and upper lateral walls a relatively large lumen at the lower part. Longitudinal pit canals fine and close. The light bend situated in outer part at 1/3 length of the cells with cuticle. Supporting cells 1 layer, somewhat dumbell shaped, narrow at the upper end but broader at the lower end with linear striations on anticlinal walls. Endosperm mostly consisting of mucilage cells with highly thickened walls. Cotyledon cells containing aleurone grains and fatty oil droplets.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash, clean and dry.Processed with salt: Stir fry as described under the method for stir frying with salt water (Appendix 11 D) until it becomes inflated and scenty Break to pieces before use.

Action  : To warm the kidney , dispel cold, and relieve pain.

Indication  : cold syndrome of the kidney due to yang deficiency marked by pain and coldness in the lower abdomen; hernia; weakness and edema of the legs caused by cold=damp

Precautions  : .

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

P302 1.jpg
P302 2.jpg
Tcm109.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Trigonella foenum-graecum

Trigonella foenum-graecum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Huluba

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Common Fenugreek Seed

Specific Name  : Semen trigonellae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The plant is collected in summer when the fruit is ripe, dried in the sun. The seed is tapped out and remove from foreign matter.

Description  : Slightly rhomboid or rectangular, 3 - 4 mm long, 2 - 3 mm wide about 2mm thick. Externally yellowish green or yellowish brown, smooth with a deep oblique furrow on each of the two sides and a point like hilum at the intersection of the two furrows. Texture hard, uneasily broken. Testa thin, endosperm translucent and viscous, 2 cotyledons, pale yellow, radicle curved plump and long, odor aromatic, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : Transverse section: Palisade cells of epidermis 1 layer with thickened outer and upper lateral walls a relatively large lumen at the lower part. Longitudinal pit canals fine and close. The light bend situated in outer part at 1/3 length of the cells with cuticle. Supporting cells 1 layer, somewhat dumbell shaped, narrow at the upper end but broader at the lower end with linear striations on anticlinal walls. Endosperm mostly consisting of mucilage cells with highly thickened walls. Cotyledon cells containing aleurone grains and fatty oil droplets.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash, clean and dry.Processed with salt: Stir fry as described under the method for stir frying with salt water (Appendix 11 D) until it becomes inflated and scenty Break to pieces before use.

Action  : To warm the kidney , dispel cold, and relieve pain.

Indication  : cold syndrome of the kidney due to yang deficiency marked by pain and coldness in the lower abdomen; hernia; weakness and edema of the legs caused by cold=damp

Precautions  : .

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

P302 1.jpg
P302 2.jpg
Tcm109.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Trigonella foenum-graecum

Trigonella foenum-graecum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Huluba

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Common Fenugreek Seed

Specific Name  : Semen trigonellae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The plant is collected in summer when the fruit is ripe, dried in the sun. The seed is tapped out and remove from foreign matter.

Description  : Slightly rhomboid or rectangular, 3 - 4 mm long, 2 - 3 mm wide about 2mm thick. Externally yellowish green or yellowish brown, smooth with a deep oblique furrow on each of the two sides and a point like hilum at the intersection of the two furrows. Texture hard, uneasily broken. Testa thin, endosperm translucent and viscous, 2 cotyledons, pale yellow, radicle curved plump and long, odor aromatic, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : Transverse section: Palisade cells of epidermis 1 layer with thickened outer and upper lateral walls a relatively large lumen at the lower part. Longitudinal pit canals fine and close. The light bend situated in outer part at 1/3 length of the cells with cuticle. Supporting cells 1 layer, somewhat dumbell shaped, narrow at the upper end but broader at the lower end with linear striations on anticlinal walls. Endosperm mostly consisting of mucilage cells with highly thickened walls. Cotyledon cells containing aleurone grains and fatty oil droplets.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash, clean and dry.Processed with salt: Stir fry as described under the method for stir frying with salt water (Appendix 11 D) until it becomes inflated and scenty Break to pieces before use.

Action  : To warm the kidney , dispel cold, and relieve pain.

Indication  : cold syndrome of the kidney due to yang deficiency marked by pain and coldness in the lower abdomen; hernia; weakness and edema of the legs caused by cold=damp

Precautions  : .

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

P302 1.jpg
P302 2.jpg
Tcm109.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Trigonella foenum-graecum

Trigonella foenum-graecum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Huluba

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Common Fenugreek Seed

Specific Name  : Semen trigonellae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The plant is collected in summer when the fruit is ripe, dried in the sun. The seed is tapped out and remove from foreign matter.

Description  : Slightly rhomboid or rectangular, 3 - 4 mm long, 2 - 3 mm wide about 2mm thick. Externally yellowish green or yellowish brown, smooth with a deep oblique furrow on each of the two sides and a point like hilum at the intersection of the two furrows. Texture hard, uneasily broken. Testa thin, endosperm translucent and viscous, 2 cotyledons, pale yellow, radicle curved plump and long, odor aromatic, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : Transverse section: Palisade cells of epidermis 1 layer with thickened outer and upper lateral walls a relatively large lumen at the lower part. Longitudinal pit canals fine and close. The light bend situated in outer part at 1/3 length of the cells with cuticle. Supporting cells 1 layer, somewhat dumbell shaped, narrow at the upper end but broader at the lower end with linear striations on anticlinal walls. Endosperm mostly consisting of mucilage cells with highly thickened walls. Cotyledon cells containing aleurone grains and fatty oil droplets.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash, clean and dry.Processed with salt: Stir fry as described under the method for stir frying with salt water (Appendix 11 D) until it becomes inflated and scenty Break to pieces before use.

Action  : To warm the kidney , dispel cold, and relieve pain.

Indication  : cold syndrome of the kidney due to yang deficiency marked by pain and coldness in the lower abdomen; hernia; weakness and edema of the legs caused by cold=damp

Precautions  : .

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

Synonymns for Trigonella foenum-graecum

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Trigonella foenum-graecum

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Trigonella foenum-graecum in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Soleyman Bafadam, Maryam Mahmoudabady, Saeed Niazmand, Seyed Abdolrahim Rezaee, Mohammad Soukhtanloo
##Title##
J Cardiovasc Thorac Res: 2021, 13(1);28-36
[PubMed:33815699] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Henryk Dębski, Wiesław Wiczkowski, Marcin Horbowicz
Effect of Elicitation with Iron Chelate and Sodium Metasilicate on Phenolic Compounds in Legume Sprouts.
Molecules: 2021, 26(5);
[PubMed:33802449] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Takkella Nagamma, Anjaneyulu Konuri, Kumar M R Bhat, Rajalekshmi Maheshwari, Padmanabha Udupa, Yogendra Nayak
Modulation of inflammatory markers by petroleum ether fraction of Trigonella foenum-graecum L. seed extract in ovariectomized rats.
J Food Biochem: 2021;e13690
[PubMed:33749834] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Mustapha Chelghoum, Walid Khitri, Samia Bouzid, AbdelRahim Lakermi
New trends in the use of medicinal plants by Algerian diabetic patients, considerations of herb-drug interactions.
J Ethnopharmacol: 2021, 274;113984
[PubMed:33711438] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects