Trigonella foenum-graecum

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P302 1.jpg
P302 2.jpg
Tcm109.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Trigonella foenum-graecum

Trigonella foenum-graecum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Huluba

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Common Fenugreek Seed

Specific Name  : Semen trigonellae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The plant is collected in summer when the fruit is ripe, dried in the sun. The seed is tapped out and remove from foreign matter.

Description  : Slightly rhomboid or rectangular, 3 - 4 mm long, 2 - 3 mm wide about 2mm thick. Externally yellowish green or yellowish brown, smooth with a deep oblique furrow on each of the two sides and a point like hilum at the intersection of the two furrows. Texture hard, uneasily broken. Testa thin, endosperm translucent and viscous, 2 cotyledons, pale yellow, radicle curved plump and long, odor aromatic, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : Transverse section: Palisade cells of epidermis 1 layer with thickened outer and upper lateral walls a relatively large lumen at the lower part. Longitudinal pit canals fine and close. The light bend situated in outer part at 1/3 length of the cells with cuticle. Supporting cells 1 layer, somewhat dumbell shaped, narrow at the upper end but broader at the lower end with linear striations on anticlinal walls. Endosperm mostly consisting of mucilage cells with highly thickened walls. Cotyledon cells containing aleurone grains and fatty oil droplets.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash, clean and dry.Processed with salt: Stir fry as described under the method for stir frying with salt water (Appendix 11 D) until it becomes inflated and scenty Break to pieces before use.

Action  : To warm the kidney , dispel cold, and relieve pain.

Indication  : cold syndrome of the kidney due to yang deficiency marked by pain and coldness in the lower abdomen; hernia; weakness and edema of the legs caused by cold=damp

Precautions  : .

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

P302 1.jpg
P302 2.jpg
Tcm109.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Trigonella foenum-graecum

Trigonella foenum-graecum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Huluba

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Common Fenugreek Seed

Specific Name  : Semen trigonellae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The plant is collected in summer when the fruit is ripe, dried in the sun. The seed is tapped out and remove from foreign matter.

Description  : Slightly rhomboid or rectangular, 3 - 4 mm long, 2 - 3 mm wide about 2mm thick. Externally yellowish green or yellowish brown, smooth with a deep oblique furrow on each of the two sides and a point like hilum at the intersection of the two furrows. Texture hard, uneasily broken. Testa thin, endosperm translucent and viscous, 2 cotyledons, pale yellow, radicle curved plump and long, odor aromatic, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : Transverse section: Palisade cells of epidermis 1 layer with thickened outer and upper lateral walls a relatively large lumen at the lower part. Longitudinal pit canals fine and close. The light bend situated in outer part at 1/3 length of the cells with cuticle. Supporting cells 1 layer, somewhat dumbell shaped, narrow at the upper end but broader at the lower end with linear striations on anticlinal walls. Endosperm mostly consisting of mucilage cells with highly thickened walls. Cotyledon cells containing aleurone grains and fatty oil droplets.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash, clean and dry.Processed with salt: Stir fry as described under the method for stir frying with salt water (Appendix 11 D) until it becomes inflated and scenty Break to pieces before use.

Action  : To warm the kidney , dispel cold, and relieve pain.

Indication  : cold syndrome of the kidney due to yang deficiency marked by pain and coldness in the lower abdomen; hernia; weakness and edema of the legs caused by cold=damp

Precautions  : .

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

P302 1.jpg
P302 2.jpg
Tcm109.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Trigonella foenum-graecum

Trigonella foenum-graecum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Huluba

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Common Fenugreek Seed

Specific Name  : Semen trigonellae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The plant is collected in summer when the fruit is ripe, dried in the sun. The seed is tapped out and remove from foreign matter.

Description  : Slightly rhomboid or rectangular, 3 - 4 mm long, 2 - 3 mm wide about 2mm thick. Externally yellowish green or yellowish brown, smooth with a deep oblique furrow on each of the two sides and a point like hilum at the intersection of the two furrows. Texture hard, uneasily broken. Testa thin, endosperm translucent and viscous, 2 cotyledons, pale yellow, radicle curved plump and long, odor aromatic, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : Transverse section: Palisade cells of epidermis 1 layer with thickened outer and upper lateral walls a relatively large lumen at the lower part. Longitudinal pit canals fine and close. The light bend situated in outer part at 1/3 length of the cells with cuticle. Supporting cells 1 layer, somewhat dumbell shaped, narrow at the upper end but broader at the lower end with linear striations on anticlinal walls. Endosperm mostly consisting of mucilage cells with highly thickened walls. Cotyledon cells containing aleurone grains and fatty oil droplets.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash, clean and dry.Processed with salt: Stir fry as described under the method for stir frying with salt water (Appendix 11 D) until it becomes inflated and scenty Break to pieces before use.

Action  : To warm the kidney , dispel cold, and relieve pain.

Indication  : cold syndrome of the kidney due to yang deficiency marked by pain and coldness in the lower abdomen; hernia; weakness and edema of the legs caused by cold=damp

Precautions  : .

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

P302 1.jpg
P302 2.jpg
Tcm109.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Trigonella foenum-graecum

Trigonella foenum-graecum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Huluba

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Common Fenugreek Seed

Specific Name  : Semen trigonellae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The plant is collected in summer when the fruit is ripe, dried in the sun. The seed is tapped out and remove from foreign matter.

Description  : Slightly rhomboid or rectangular, 3 - 4 mm long, 2 - 3 mm wide about 2mm thick. Externally yellowish green or yellowish brown, smooth with a deep oblique furrow on each of the two sides and a point like hilum at the intersection of the two furrows. Texture hard, uneasily broken. Testa thin, endosperm translucent and viscous, 2 cotyledons, pale yellow, radicle curved plump and long, odor aromatic, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : Transverse section: Palisade cells of epidermis 1 layer with thickened outer and upper lateral walls a relatively large lumen at the lower part. Longitudinal pit canals fine and close. The light bend situated in outer part at 1/3 length of the cells with cuticle. Supporting cells 1 layer, somewhat dumbell shaped, narrow at the upper end but broader at the lower end with linear striations on anticlinal walls. Endosperm mostly consisting of mucilage cells with highly thickened walls. Cotyledon cells containing aleurone grains and fatty oil droplets.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash, clean and dry.Processed with salt: Stir fry as described under the method for stir frying with salt water (Appendix 11 D) until it becomes inflated and scenty Break to pieces before use.

Action  : To warm the kidney , dispel cold, and relieve pain.

Indication  : cold syndrome of the kidney due to yang deficiency marked by pain and coldness in the lower abdomen; hernia; weakness and edema of the legs caused by cold=damp

Precautions  : .

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

Synonymns for Trigonella foenum-graecum

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Trigonella foenum-graecum

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Trigonella foenum-graecum in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Marzieh Amiriyan, Abdolali Shojaeiyan, Abbas Yadollahi, Masoud Maleki, Zeinab Bahari
##Title##
Mol Biol Res Commun: 2019, 8(4);181-190
[PubMed:32042836] [WorldCat.org] (I p)

Subramaniyam Nithyananthan, Dangudubiyyam Sushmaa, Ibansiewdor Myrthong, Lokanatha Valluru, Shreyoshi Guha, Ishfaq Hassan Mir, Jajnasenee Behera, Chinnasamy Thirunavukkarasu
Curcuma longa and Trigonella foenum graecum-enriched nutrient mixture from germinated Macrotyloma uniflorum and Vigna radiate ameliorate nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases in rats.
J. Food Biochem.: 2020;e13159
[PubMed:32017151] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Annadora J Bruce-Keller, Allison J Richard, Sun-Ok Fernandez-Kim, David M Ribnicky, J Michael Salbaum, Susan Newman, Richard Carmouche, Jacqueline M Stephens
Fenugreek Counters the Effects of High Fat Diet on Gut Microbiota in Mice: Links to Metabolic Benefit.
Sci Rep: 2020, 10(1);1245
[PubMed:31988303] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Joaquin Navarro Del Hierro, Vieri Piazzini, Guillermo Reglero, Diana Martin, Maria Camilla Bergonzi
In Vitro Permeability of Saponins and Sapogenins from Seed Extracts by the Parallel Artificial Membrane Permeability Assay: Effect of in Vitro Gastrointestinal Digestion.
J. Agric. Food Chem.: 2020, 68(5);1297-1305
[PubMed:31934761] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Zi Wu, You-Sheng Cai, Ruiying Yuan, Qian Wan, Di Xiao, Jiachuan Lei, Jianqing Yu
Bioactive pterocarpans from Trigonella foenum-graecum L.
Food Chem: 2020, 313;126092
[PubMed:31923866] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects