Tetrapanax papyriferus

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Tetrapanax papyriferus

Tetrapanax papyriferus in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Baitongcao °×ͨ²Ý Fangtongcao ·½Í¨²Ý Chinese Name (pinyin): Tongcao

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Ricepaper Pith

Specific Name  : Medulla tetrapanacis

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The stem is collected in autumn and cut into sections. The pith is taken out when fresh, arranged and ried in the sun.

Description  : Cylindrical, 20 - 40cm long, 1 - 2.5 cm in diameter. Externally white or pale yellow with shallow longitudinal furrows. Texture light, soft and loose with slight elasticity, easily broken, fracture even with silvery lustre and with a hollow. 0.3 - 1.5cm in diameter or transluscent membrane in the middle part, arranged in scalariform in longitudinally cut surface while solid ones visible occasionally. Odourless and tasteless.

Identification  : Transverse section: All composed of elliptic, subrtounded or subpolygonal parenchymatous cells. The outer cells relatively small, pits obvious. Some cells containing clusters of calcium oxalate, 15 - 64µm in diameter.

Processing  :

Action  : To remove heat, to induce diuresis, and to stimulate the flow of milk.

Indication  : dysuria with difficult painfull urination; edema and oliguria; lack of milk secretion

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 5 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

Synonymns for Tetrapanax papyriferus

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Tetrapanax papyriferus

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Tetrapanax papyriferus in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Jing-Lan Xu, Li-Hua Gu, Zheng-Tao Wang, Annie Bligh, Zhu-Zhen Han, Shou-Jin Liu
Seventeen steroids from the pith of Tetrapanax papyriferus.
J Asian Nat Prod Res: 2016, 18(12);1131-1137
[PubMed:27425217] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Namki Cho, Eun Hye Moon, Hyun Woo Kim, Jaewoo Hong, John A Beutler, Sang Hyun Sung
Inhibition of Nitric Oxide Production in BV2 Microglial Cells by Triterpenes from Tetrapanax papyriferus.
Molecules: 2016, 21(4);459
[PubMed:27070561] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Jiau-Ching Ho, Chiu-Ming Chen, Lie-Ching Row
Oleanane-type triterpenes from the flowers, pith, leaves, and fruit of Tetrapanax papyriferus.
Phytochemistry: 2007, 68(5);631-5
[PubMed:17289094] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Jiau-Ching Ho, Chiu-Ming Chen, Lie-Ching Row
Flavonoids and benzene derivatives from the flowers and fruit of Tetrapanax papyriferus.
J. Nat. Prod.: 2005, 68(12);1773-5
[PubMed:16378372] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Natalya Chistokhodova, Chi Nguyen, Tony Calvino, Ioulia Kachirskaia, Glenn Cunningham, D Howard Miles
Antithrombin activity of medicinal plants from central Florida.
J Ethnopharmacol: 2002, 81(2);277-80
[PubMed:12065163] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects