Terminalia billerica

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Terminalia billerica

Terminalia billerica in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Maohezi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Belleric Terminalia Fruit

Specific Name  : Fructus terminaliae billericae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in winter when ripe, remove from foreign matter and dried in the sun.

Description  : Ovoid or ellipsoidal, 2 - 3.8cm long, 1.5 - 3cm in diameter. Externally brown, covered with reddish brown pubescences, relatively fine and dense, 5 ribbed and irregular wrinkles. Texture hard, sarcocarp 2 - 5mm thick, dark brown or pale greenish yellow. Kern pale brownish yellow. 1 seed, testa brownish yellow, kernel yellowish white, oily odour, slight taste astringent and bitter.

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  : To remove toxic heat, to arrest discharges, to nourish blood, and to coordinate the actions of various ingredients in a prescription.

Indication  : various febrile diseases; diarrhea, impetigo; liver and gallbladder diseases; debility during convalescence

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 9 g; usually made into pills or powder.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place, protected from moth.

Synonymns for Terminalia billerica

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Terminalia billerica

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Terminalia billerica in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Xue Yang, Cheng Shen, Hongmei Li, Nana Wang, Jialin Ma, Shuo Wang, Jingyang Zhao, Jilin Chen, Li Yang, Tao Chen, Yulin Li
Combined chromatographic strategy based on macroporous resin, high-speed counter-current chromatography and preparative HPLC for systematic separation of seven antioxidants from the fruit of Terminalia billerica.
J Sep Sci: 2019;
[PubMed:31444948] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects