Syngnathus acus

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Syngnathus acus

Syngnathus acus in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Hailong

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Pipe Fish

Specific Name  : Syngnathus

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is caught in summer and autumn. For Solenognathus hardwickii and syngnathoides biaculeatus, the skin and viscera are removed, wash clean and dried in the sun. For Singnathus acus, wash clean and dried in the sun.

Description  : Body of Solenognathus hardwickii: Narrow long and laterally flattened. 30 - 50 cm long, the surface yellowish white or greyish brown. A long tubular snout in the front of the head. The mouth small, toothless, eyes rounded and deeply sunken. The head forming somewhat obtuse angle with axis of the body. The trunk 3 cm wide , five ridged. The anterior part of the tail six ridged, the posterior part tapered off, four ridged and coiled at the end. A stripe of greyish black spots at both sides of the dorsal ridge whole body covered with striated bony rings and with fine transverse streaks. Projected granular spines occurring in each bony ring. The pectorial fin short and wide, dorsal fin long, sometimes indistinct, caudal fin lacking. Texture bony and hard. Odour slightly stinking and taste slightly salty.

Identification  :

Processing  : Sift, break to pieces or cut into sections before use.

Action  : To warm the kidney and promote virility, to reduce nodulation, and to induce subsidence of swelling.

Indication  : impotence and seminal emission; mass in the abdomen; scrofula; traumatic injuries external; carbuncles, boils

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 9 g; for external use, appropriate quantity to be ground into powder and applied topically.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place, ptoected from moth.

Synonymns for Syngnathus acus

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Syngnathus acus

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Syngnathus acus in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Xiao Tong Wu, Xiang Xiang Ding, Xu Jiang, Bin Duo Xu, Chong Liang Zhang, Yi Ping Ren, Ying Xue
[Variations in the mean trophic level and large fish index of fish community in Haizhou Bay, China]. [海州湾鱼类群落平均营养级和大型鱼类指数的变化特征.]
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao: 2019, 30(8);2829-2836
[PubMed:31418209] [] [DOI] (P p)

Jia Wo, Xiu Xia Mou, Bin Duo Xu, Ying Xue, Chong Liang Zhang, Yi Ping Ren
[Interannual changes in fish community structure in the northern part of the coastal waters of Jiangsu Province, China in spring.] [江苏近海北部海域春季鱼类群落结构的年间变化.]
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao: 2018, 29(1);285-292
[PubMed:29692038] [] [DOI] (P p)

Linhui Gao, Yan Yin, Jia Li, Yuan Yuan, Chao Jiang, Wei Gao, Xianan Zhang, Luqi Huang
Identification of traditional Chinese medicinal pipefish and exclusion of common adulterants by multiplex PCR based on 12S sequences of specific alleles.
Mitochondrial DNA A DNA Mapp Seq Anal: 2018, 29(3);340-346
[PubMed:28129724] [] [DOI] (I p)

Junhui Chen, Qian Shi, Yanlong Wang, Zhaoyong Li, Shuai Wang
Dereplication of known nucleobase and nucleoside compounds in natural product extracts by capillary electrophoresis-high resolution mass spectrometry.
Molecules: 2015, 20(4);5423-37
[PubMed:25822081] [] [DOI] (I e)

M Mwale, H Kaiser, N P Barker, A B Wilson, P R Teske
Identification of a uniquely southern African clade of coastal pipefishes Syngnathus spp.
J. Fish Biol.: 2013, 82(6);2045-62
[PubMed:23731151] [] [DOI] (I p)



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