Syngnathoides biaculeatus

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Syngnathoides biaculeatus

Syngnathoides biaculeatus in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Hailong

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Pipe Fish

Specific Name  : Syngnathus

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is caught in summer and autumn. For Solenognathus hardwickii and syngnathoides biaculeatus, the skin and viscera are removed, wash clean and dried in the sun. For Singnathus acus, wash clean and dried in the sun.

Description  : Body of Solenognathus hardwickii: Narrow long and laterally flattened. 30 - 50 cm long, the surface yellowish white or greyish brown. A long tubular snout in the front of the head. The mouth small, toothless, eyes rounded and deeply sunken. The head forming somewhat obtuse angle with axis of the body. The trunk 3 cm wide , five ridged. The anterior part of the tail six ridged, the posterior part tapered off, four ridged and coiled at the end. A stripe of greyish black spots at both sides of the dorsal ridge whole body covered with striated bony rings and with fine transverse streaks. Projected granular spines occurring in each bony ring. The pectorial fin short and wide, dorsal fin long, sometimes indistinct, caudal fin lacking. Texture bony and hard. Odour slightly stinking and taste slightly salty.

Identification  :

Processing  : Sift, break to pieces or cut into sections before use.

Action  : To warm the kidney and promote virility, to reduce nodulation, and to induce subsidence of swelling.

Indication  : impotence and seminal emission; mass in the abdomen; scrofula; traumatic injuries external; carbuncles, boils

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 9 g; for external use, appropriate quantity to be ground into powder and applied topically.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place, ptoected from moth.

Synonymns for Syngnathoides biaculeatus

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Syngnathoides biaculeatus

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Syngnathoides biaculeatus in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Linhui Gao, Yan Yin, Jia Li, Yuan Yuan, Chao Jiang, Wei Gao, Xianan Zhang, Luqi Huang
Identification of traditional Chinese medicinal pipefish and exclusion of common adulterants by multiplex PCR based on 12S sequences of specific alleles.
Mitochondrial DNA A DNA Mapp Seq Anal: 2018, 29(3);340-346
[PubMed:28129724] [] [DOI] (I p)

Adam Chee Ooi Lim, Ving Ching Chong, Chiow San Wong, Sithi Vinayakam Muniandy
Sound signatures and production mechanisms of three species of pipefishes (Family: Syngnathidae).
PeerJ: 2015, 3;e1471
[PubMed:26734507] [] [DOI] (P e)

Yan Wu, Jia Liu, Mengyue Wang, Peijun Ju, Xiaobo Li
[Identification on Syngnathus and its adulterants with random amplified polymorphic DNA].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi: 2009, 34(14);1758-60
[PubMed:19894500] [] (P p)

A P W Barrows, K M Martin-Smith, M S P Baine
Population variables and life-history characteristics of the alligator pipefish Syngnathoides biaculeatus, in Papua New Guinea.
J. Fish Biol.: 2009, 74(4);806-19
[PubMed:20735601] [] [DOI] (I p)



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Adverse Effects