Sterculia lychnophora

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Sterculia lychnophora

Sterculia lychnophora in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Pangdahai

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Boat-fruited Sterculia Seed

Specific Name  : Semen sterculiae lychnophorae

Scientific Name:
Collection  :

Description  : Fusiform or ellipsoidal, 2 - 3cm long, 1 - 1.5cm in diameter. Apex obtuse rounded base somewhat acute and oblique, bearing a pale and rounded hilum. Externally brown or dark brown, somewhat lustrous with irregular wrinkles. Testa extremely thin, fragile and easily fallen. Mesotesta relatively thick, blackish brown, loose and easily broken, swelling to spongy like when treated with water. Scattered resinous dots visible in the fracture. Endotesta can be stripped off from mesotesta, slightly coriaceus with 2 plump endosperm, broad ovoid, cotyledons 2, thin adhering closely to the inner side of endosperm similar to endosperm in size. Odor slight and taste weak viscous on chewing.

Identification  : 1.Macerate several seeds in an appropriate quantity of boiling water, allow to stand for several minutes, seeds swelling to brown, translucent and spongy.2.To 0.2g of the powder add 10ml of water, heat on a water bath for 30 minutes and filter. To 4 ml of the filtrate and add 3ml of sodium hydroxxide TS and 5 ml of alkaline cupric tartrate TS, heat on a water bath, a red preicipitate is produced.Foreign matter: Not more than 4% (Appendix lX A)Water: Carry out the method for the determination of water (Appendix lX H, method 1) not more than 16.0%

Processing  :

Action  : To remove heat from the lung, to cure sore throat, to counteract toxicity, and to relax the bowels.

Indication  : hoarseness, dry cough, and sore, dry throat due to heat in the lung; constipation with headache and blood-shot eyes

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 2 to 3 pieces, to be soaked in boiling water or decocted.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place, protected from mould nd moth.

Synonymns for Sterculia lychnophora

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Sterculia lychnophora

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Sterculia lychnophora in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Mahmood Brobbey Oppong, Yang Li, Prince Osei Banahene, Shi-Ming Fang, Feng Qiu
Ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, and pharmacology of Sterculia lychnophora Hance (Pangdahai).
Chin J Nat Med: 2018, 16(10);721-731
[PubMed:30322606] [] [DOI] (I p)

Fengli Qu, Haimeng Pei, Rongmei Kong, Shuyun Zhu, Lian Xia
Talanta: 2017, 165;136-142
[PubMed:28153233] [] [DOI] (I p)

Yang Yang, Bok-Im Park, Eun-Hee Hwang, Yong-Ouk You
Composition Analysis and Inhibitory Effect of Sterculia lychnophora against Biofilm Formation by Streptococcus mutans.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med: 2016, 2016;8163150
[PubMed:27190540] [] [DOI] (P p)

Ru-Feng Wang, Xiu-Wen Wu, Di Geng
Two cerebrosides isolated from the seeds of Sterculia lychnophora and their neuroprotective effect.
Molecules: 2013, 18(1);1181-7
[PubMed:23344207] [] [DOI] (I e)

Nima D Namsa, Hui Tag, M Mandal, P Kalita, A K Das
An ethnobotanical study of traditional anti-inflammatory plants used by the Lohit community of Arunachal Pradesh, India.
J Ethnopharmacol: 2009, 125(2);234-45
[PubMed:19607898] [] [DOI] (I p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects