Sparganium stoloniferum

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Sparganium stoloniferum

Sparganium stoloniferum in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Cusanleng ´×ÈýÀâ Jingsanleng ¾£ÈýÀâ Chinese Name (pinyin): Sanleng

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Burreed Tuber

Specific Name  : Rhizoma sparganii

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected from winter to the next spring, wash clean, peeled and dry in the sun.

Description  : Conical, slightly flattened, 2 - 6 cm long, 2 - 4 cm in diameter. Externally yellowish white or greyish yellow with marks pared with knife and spotted fibrous root scars, ringed arranged transversely. Texture heavy, compact. Odorless, taste weak, slightly numb on chewing.

Identification  : Transverse section: Aerenchyma of cortex, consisting of branched parenchymatous cells, tops of branches connected each other forming large intercellular spaces, endodermis cells densely arranged. Parenchymatous cells of stele sub-rounded, slightly thick walled, containing starch granules, collateral and amphivasal bundles scattered, vessels non lignified. Secretory cells scattered in cortex and stele filled with brownish red secretion.

Processing  : Rhizoma Sparganii: Eliminate foreign matter, soak, soften thoroughly, cut into thin slices and dry.Rhizoma Sparganii (processed with vinegar) Stir fry the slices as describe under the method for stir frying with vinegar (Appendix ll D) until deep color is produce, using 15 kg of vinegar per 100 kg of slices of Rhizoma Sparganii.

Action  : To eliminate blood stasis with strong effect, promote the flow of qi, remove the retention of undigested food, and relieve pain.

Indication  : abdominal mass, amennorrhea due to blood stasis, abdominal distension and pain caused by retention of undigested food

Precautions  : Contraindicated in pregnancy.

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

Synonymns for Sparganium stoloniferum

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Sparganium stoloniferum

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Sparganium stoloniferum in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Zhi Bao Wang, Mei Sun, Zhen Ya Liu, Xiao Ning Zhang, Hang Wang, Yun Zhang, De Rong Xiao
[Response of seed reproduction of two dominant lakeside species to experimental warming in a typical plateau wetland in Northwestern Yunnan Plateau, China]. [滇西北高原典型湿地湖滨带优势植物种子繁殖对增温的响应.]
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao: 2018, 29(3);696-704
[PubMed:29722209] [] [DOI] (P p)

Qi Zong, Ying Xiong, Kezhong Deng
Two new sucrose esters from the rhizome of Sparganium stoloniferum Buch.-Ham.
Nat. Prod. Res.: 2018, 32(14);1632-1638
[PubMed:29149799] [] [DOI] (I p)

Lei Su, Yan-Yan Jiang, Bin Liu
[Oligopeptides in plant medicines cited in Chinese Pharmacopoeia].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi: 2016, 41(16);2943-2952
[PubMed:28920330] [] [DOI] (P p)

Da-Wei Wu, Qiao-Li Liang, Xiao-Long Zhang, Zheng Jiang, Xiu-He Fan, Wei Yue, Qi-Nan Wu
New isocoumarin and stilbenoid derivatives from the tubers of Sparganium stoloniferum (Buch.-Ham.).
Nat. Prod. Res.: 2017, 31(2);131-137
[PubMed:27500418] [] [DOI] (I p)

Shu-nan Zhang, Run-lin Xiao, Feng Liu, Jin-shui Wu
[Interception Effect of Vegetated Drainage Ditch on Nitrogen and Phosphorus from Drainage Ditches].
Huan Jing Ke Xue: 2015, 36(12);4516-22
[PubMed:27011988] [] (P p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects