Saururus chinensis

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Saururus chinensis

Saururus chinensis in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Sanbaicao

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Chinese Lizardtail Rhizome herb

Specific Name  : Rhizoma seu herba saururi

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The rhizome is collected in autumn, the herb is collected all year round, wash clean and dried in the sun.

Description  : Rhizome cylindrical, somewhat curved, branched varying in length. Externally: greyish brown, rough, nodiferous and longitudinally wrinkled. The node with rootlets ringed, internodes 2 cm long. Texture hard and fragile, easily broken. Fracture whitish, starchy. Stems cylindrical with four longitudinal channels, one of them relatively broad, fracture yellow, fibrous and hollow. Leaves simple. Altinative, lamina ovate or ovate lanceolate, 4 - 15 cm long, 2 - 10 cm wide, accuminate at apex, cordate at base, margin entire, 5 nerved at base, petiole relatively long with longitudinal wrinkles. Raceme at the apex of branch, opposite to leaves, flowers small dark brown. Capsules sub-spheroidal. Odor, slight and taste weak.

Identification  : To 2 g of the powder, add 10 ml of petroleum ether (60-90ºC), soak overnight and filter. Place the filtrate in an evaporating dish and allow to dry spontaneously, a specific aromatic odor is produced. Add a 1% solution of vanillin in sulfuric acid. A red color appears which turns to the bluish purple on standing.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matters, wash clean, cut into sections and dry in the sun.

Action  : To remove toxic heat, and cause diuresis.

Indication  : dysuria with painfully difficult urination, urinary infection, ephritic edema, leukorrhea; external use for boils, sores, eczema

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 15 to 30 g; for external use, appropriate quantity of the fresh rhizome or herb to be pounded into paste for topial application.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place.

Synonymns for Saururus chinensis

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Saururus chinensis

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Saururus chinensis in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Xing Zhen, Hack Sun Choi, Ji-Hyang Kim, Su-Lim Kim, Ren Liu, Bong-Sik Yun, Dong-Sun Lee
Machilin D, a Lignin Derived from Saururus chinensis, Suppresses Breast Cancer Stem Cells and Inhibits NF-κB Signaling.
Biomolecules: 2020, 10(2);
[PubMed:32033472] [] [DOI] (I e)

Guangxin Liu, Zefeng Zhao, Meilun Shen, Xue Zhao, Jing Xie, Xirui He, Cuiqin Li
Am. J. Chin. Med.: 2020, 48(1);47-76
[PubMed:31964158] [] [DOI] (I p)

Jie Xiao, Jinxia Wang, Yanxi Chen, Zhou Zhou, Caiping Gao, Zhenzhen Guo
Sauchinone ameliorates intestinal inflammation and promotes Th17 cell production of IL-10 via Blimp-1.
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.: 2020, 522(2);435-441
[PubMed:31771884] [] [DOI] (I p)

Qinghao Jin, Jin Woo Lee, Jun Gu Kim, Dongho Lee, Jin Tae Hong, Youngsoo Kim, Mi Kyeong Lee, Bang Yeon Hwang
J. Nat. Prod.: 2019, 82(11);3002-3009
[PubMed:31642320] [] [DOI] (I p)

Yanfang Cheng, Zhiyong Yin, Fuqiang Jiang, Jun Xu, Hao Chen, Qiong Gu
Two new lignans from the aerial parts of Saururus chinensis with cytotoxicity toward nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
Fitoterapia: 2019, 141;104344
[PubMed:31465814] [] [DOI] (I a)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects