Saiga tatarica

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Saiga tatarica

Saiga tatarica in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Lingyangfen ÁçÑò·Û Lingyangpian ÁçÑòƬ Chinese Name (pinyin): Lingyangjiao

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Antelope's Horn

Specific Name  : Cornu saigae tataricae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is sawed off from the animal, dried in the sun.

Description  : Elongated conical, somewhat arciform curve, 15-33cm long, whitish or yellowish white, basal part somewhat slaty. The younger branch smooth with jade-like lustre and fine blood vessels or purplish-black pattern when seen against light without crackles. The main part except the pointed end with 10-16 rised circular ridges about 2cm apart each other, when held with hand the forefingers embeded in the sunken parts. Cross section of basal part round, 3-4cm in diameter with a hard heavy bony core, commonly known as " bony plug" (Gusai). The core about one half or one third of the total length. The surface with rised longitudinal ridges inlaid closely with the depressed furrows of inner side of the horny sheath, the hinge serrated in cross section. The lower half of the horn hollow when the bony core removed. Whole horn transluscent, the center of the upper half with a faintly distinguishable thin canal leading directly to the apex when seen against light. The canal commonly known as "the eve leading to the sky" (Tongtianyan), texture hard, odourless, taste weak.

Identification  : Transverse section, somewhat undulated. The undulation clear most of the apex, usually with bundles in the peak, the bundles mostly triangular, the undulation somewhat clear in the middle portion, bundles mostly shape like a double convex lens. The undulation indistinct in the basal portion, bundles elliptical to subrounded. Medullary cavities varying in size. 10-50-80µm in long diameter, largest in the basal part. Cortical cells of the bundles flattened shuttle shape in 3-5 layers. Interval between bundles relatively wide filled with subisodiameteric oplygonal, elongate rhombic or narrow elongated basic horny cells. Both of the cortical cells or basic horny cells colourless, transparent without or only with few minute pale grey pigment granules with a strong refrative round granule or thread like substance in the center of the cell.

Processing  : Cornu Saigae Tataracae (sliced) soak in warm water, take out, cut into thin slices and dry.Cornu Saigae Tataracae (powdered), break and pulverized to powder.

Action  : To remove heat from liver, to arrest convulsion, to improve vision, and to remove toxic substances from blood.

Indication  : high fever with convulsion and impairment of consciousness; ecclampsia, epilepsy, mania; headache and dizziness; redness of the eye with corneal opacity; epidemic febrile diseases with eruption; cabuncle, abscess and sores

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 1 to 3 g, to be decocted alone over 2 hours; to be ground with liquid ir ground into powder, taken 0.3 to 0.6 g each time.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place.

Synonymns for Saiga tatarica

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Saiga tatarica

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Saiga tatarica in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Xiaohua Du, Xia Liu, James Blackar Mawolo, Haifang Wang, Xiaoyu Mi, Jianying Dong, Qiao Li, Yongqiang Wen
Determination of haematological and biochemical parameters of Calf Saiga antelope (Saiga tatarica) living in the Gansu Endangered Animals Research Center.
Vet Med Sci: 2020;
[PubMed:31981463] [] [DOI] (I a)

Mathieu Pruvot, Amanda E Fine, Charlotte Hollinger, Samantha Strindberg, Batchuluun Damdinjav, Bayarbaatar Buuveibaatar, Buyanaa Chimeddorj, Gantulga Bayandonoi, Bodisaikhan Khishgee, Batkhuyag Sandag, Jamiyankhuu Narmandakh, Tserenjav Jargalsaikhan, Batzorig Bataa, Denise McAloose, Munkhduuren Shatar, Ganzorig Basan, Mana Mahapatra, Muni Selvaraj, Satya Parida, Felix Njeumi, Richard Kock, Enkhtuvshin Shiilegdamba
Outbreak of Peste des Petits Ruminants among Critically Endangered Mongolian Saiga and Other Wild Ungulates, Mongolia, 2016-2017.
Emerging Infect. Dis.: 2020, 26(1);51-62
[PubMed:31855146] [] [DOI] (I p)

Xia Liu, James Blackar Mawolo, Xiaohua Du, Yingjie Zhou, Haifang Wang, Fayang Liu, Zhiqing He, Haqi Astika Marela
Investigation of biochemical and physiological parameters of the newborn Saiga antelope (Saiga tatarica) in Gansu Province, China.
PLoS ONE: 2019, 14(11);e0224822
[PubMed:31770378] [] [DOI] (I e)

Hunter Doughty, Diogo Veríssimo, Regina Chun Qi Tan, Janice Ser Huay Lee, L Roman Carrasco, Kathryn Oliver, E J Milner-Gulland
Saiga horn user characteristics, motivations, and purchasing behaviour in Singapore.
PLoS ONE: 2019, 14(9);e0222038
[PubMed:31504051] [] [DOI] (I e)

Wendy Beauvais, Steffen Zuther, Chantal Villeneuve, Richard Kock, Javier Guitian
Rapidly assessing the risks of infectious diseases to wildlife species.
R Soc Open Sci: 2019, 6(1);181043
[PubMed:30800356] [] [DOI] (P e)



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