Rosa laevigata

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P284 2.jpg
Tcm376.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Rosa laevigata

Rosa laevigata in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Jinyingzi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Cherokee Rose-hip

Specific Name  : Fructus rosae laevigatae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in October and November, when the fruit turns red, dried and remove from bristle.

Description  : Pseudo carp developed from receptacle, ovoid, 2 - 3.5cm long, 1 - 2cm in diameter. Externally reddish yellow with raised brown small scars of the fallen bristles. A dish like calyx remained at the apex with style base at the mioddle and the lower part gradually tapered. Texture hard, on cutting the walls of the receptacle 1 -2mm thick with numerous small achenes inside. The inner surface of the receptacle and achenes with yellowish tomenta, odorless, taste sweetish and slightly astringent.

Identification  : 1.Transverse section of receptacle wall: outer epidermal cells subsquare or slightly radially elongated with thickened and cutinized outer and lateral walls. Cells of bristle scars on epidermis in longitudinal section radially elongated. Parenchymatous cells with slightly thickened and distinctly pitted walls, containing oil droplets and orange yellow contents. Some containing prisms and clusters of calcium oxalate, fiber bundles in the outer part of the cortex, collateral vascular bundles mostly situated in the central part of the cortex with fiber bundles outside phloem, vessels scattered or Radially arrange. Inner epidermal cells rectangular with thickened and cutinized inner walls non-glandular hairs of their remains lignified. Powder of receptacle: Pale flesh colored, non-glandular hairs of one or more cells, 505 - 1836µm long, 16 - 31µm in diameter with lignified or slightly lignified walls and slightly curved and oblique striation on the surface, lumina containing yellowish brown contents. Epidermal cells polygonal, thick walled and containing yellowish brown contents. Prisms of calcium oxalate abundant, rectangular or irregular, 16 - 39µm in diameter, clusters sometimes visible, 27 - 66µm in diameter. Spiral reticulate annular and bordered pitted vessels 8 - 20µm in diameter. Parenchymatous cells polygonal, lignified pitted and containing yellowish brown contents. Fibers fusiform or stripy yellow up to 1071µm long, 16 - 20µm in diameter with lignified walls. Masses of resin irregular in shape, yellowish brown and transluscent.2. Heat 5g of the powder in 50ml of water on a water bath at 60ºC for 15 minutes and filter immediately. To 1ml of the filtrate and 4 - 5 drops of alkaline cupric tartrate TS, heat on a water bath for 5 minutes. A reddish brown precipitate is produced. To another 1ml of the filtrate add 1 - 2 drops of 1% ferric chloride solution, a dark color is produced.3. Shake vigorously 2 ml of the above filtrate in a stoppered tube for 1 minute, a large amount of honeycomb like foam is produced which persist for 10 minutes

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash and dry.Pulp of Fructus Rosae Laevigatae: soak briefly, soften thoroughly, halve longitudinally, remove hair and achenes and then dry.

Action  : To arrest seminal emission, to restrain urination, and to check diarrhea.

Indication  : nocturnal emission; spermatorrhea; enuresis, frequent urination; abnormal uterine bleeding; excessive leukorrhea; protracted diarrhea; chronic dysentery

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 6 to 12 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

P284 2.jpg
Tcm376.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Rosa laevigata

Rosa laevigata in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Jinyingzi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Cherokee Rose-hip

Specific Name  : Fructus rosae laevigatae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in October and November, when the fruit turns red, dried and remove from bristle.

Description  : Pseudo carp developed from receptacle, ovoid, 2 - 3.5cm long, 1 - 2cm in diameter. Externally reddish yellow with raised brown small scars of the fallen bristles. A dish like calyx remained at the apex with style base at the mioddle and the lower part gradually tapered. Texture hard, on cutting the walls of the receptacle 1 -2mm thick with numerous small achenes inside. The inner surface of the receptacle and achenes with yellowish tomenta, odorless, taste sweetish and slightly astringent.

Identification  : 1.Transverse section of receptacle wall: outer epidermal cells subsquare or slightly radially elongated with thickened and cutinized outer and lateral walls. Cells of bristle scars on epidermis in longitudinal section radially elongated. Parenchymatous cells with slightly thickened and distinctly pitted walls, containing oil droplets and orange yellow contents. Some containing prisms and clusters of calcium oxalate, fiber bundles in the outer part of the cortex, collateral vascular bundles mostly situated in the central part of the cortex with fiber bundles outside phloem, vessels scattered or Radially arrange. Inner epidermal cells rectangular with thickened and cutinized inner walls non-glandular hairs of their remains lignified. Powder of receptacle: Pale flesh colored, non-glandular hairs of one or more cells, 505 - 1836µm long, 16 - 31µm in diameter with lignified or slightly lignified walls and slightly curved and oblique striation on the surface, lumina containing yellowish brown contents. Epidermal cells polygonal, thick walled and containing yellowish brown contents. Prisms of calcium oxalate abundant, rectangular or irregular, 16 - 39µm in diameter, clusters sometimes visible, 27 - 66µm in diameter. Spiral reticulate annular and bordered pitted vessels 8 - 20µm in diameter. Parenchymatous cells polygonal, lignified pitted and containing yellowish brown contents. Fibers fusiform or stripy yellow up to 1071µm long, 16 - 20µm in diameter with lignified walls. Masses of resin irregular in shape, yellowish brown and transluscent.2. Heat 5g of the powder in 50ml of water on a water bath at 60ºC for 15 minutes and filter immediately. To 1ml of the filtrate and 4 - 5 drops of alkaline cupric tartrate TS, heat on a water bath for 5 minutes. A reddish brown precipitate is produced. To another 1ml of the filtrate add 1 - 2 drops of 1% ferric chloride solution, a dark color is produced.3. Shake vigorously 2 ml of the above filtrate in a stoppered tube for 1 minute, a large amount of honeycomb like foam is produced which persist for 10 minutes

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash and dry.Pulp of Fructus Rosae Laevigatae: soak briefly, soften thoroughly, halve longitudinally, remove hair and achenes and then dry.

Action  : To arrest seminal emission, to restrain urination, and to check diarrhea.

Indication  : nocturnal emission; spermatorrhea; enuresis, frequent urination; abnormal uterine bleeding; excessive leukorrhea; protracted diarrhea; chronic dysentery

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 6 to 12 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

P284 2.jpg
Tcm376.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Rosa laevigata

Rosa laevigata in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Jinyingzi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Cherokee Rose-hip

Specific Name  : Fructus rosae laevigatae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in October and November, when the fruit turns red, dried and remove from bristle.

Description  : Pseudo carp developed from receptacle, ovoid, 2 - 3.5cm long, 1 - 2cm in diameter. Externally reddish yellow with raised brown small scars of the fallen bristles. A dish like calyx remained at the apex with style base at the mioddle and the lower part gradually tapered. Texture hard, on cutting the walls of the receptacle 1 -2mm thick with numerous small achenes inside. The inner surface of the receptacle and achenes with yellowish tomenta, odorless, taste sweetish and slightly astringent.

Identification  : 1.Transverse section of receptacle wall: outer epidermal cells subsquare or slightly radially elongated with thickened and cutinized outer and lateral walls. Cells of bristle scars on epidermis in longitudinal section radially elongated. Parenchymatous cells with slightly thickened and distinctly pitted walls, containing oil droplets and orange yellow contents. Some containing prisms and clusters of calcium oxalate, fiber bundles in the outer part of the cortex, collateral vascular bundles mostly situated in the central part of the cortex with fiber bundles outside phloem, vessels scattered or Radially arrange. Inner epidermal cells rectangular with thickened and cutinized inner walls non-glandular hairs of their remains lignified. Powder of receptacle: Pale flesh colored, non-glandular hairs of one or more cells, 505 - 1836µm long, 16 - 31µm in diameter with lignified or slightly lignified walls and slightly curved and oblique striation on the surface, lumina containing yellowish brown contents. Epidermal cells polygonal, thick walled and containing yellowish brown contents. Prisms of calcium oxalate abundant, rectangular or irregular, 16 - 39µm in diameter, clusters sometimes visible, 27 - 66µm in diameter. Spiral reticulate annular and bordered pitted vessels 8 - 20µm in diameter. Parenchymatous cells polygonal, lignified pitted and containing yellowish brown contents. Fibers fusiform or stripy yellow up to 1071µm long, 16 - 20µm in diameter with lignified walls. Masses of resin irregular in shape, yellowish brown and transluscent.2. Heat 5g of the powder in 50ml of water on a water bath at 60ºC for 15 minutes and filter immediately. To 1ml of the filtrate and 4 - 5 drops of alkaline cupric tartrate TS, heat on a water bath for 5 minutes. A reddish brown precipitate is produced. To another 1ml of the filtrate add 1 - 2 drops of 1% ferric chloride solution, a dark color is produced.3. Shake vigorously 2 ml of the above filtrate in a stoppered tube for 1 minute, a large amount of honeycomb like foam is produced which persist for 10 minutes

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash and dry.Pulp of Fructus Rosae Laevigatae: soak briefly, soften thoroughly, halve longitudinally, remove hair and achenes and then dry.

Action  : To arrest seminal emission, to restrain urination, and to check diarrhea.

Indication  : nocturnal emission; spermatorrhea; enuresis, frequent urination; abnormal uterine bleeding; excessive leukorrhea; protracted diarrhea; chronic dysentery

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 6 to 12 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

Synonymns for Rosa laevigata

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Rosa laevigata

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Rosa laevigata in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Xianmei Yin, Baosheng Liao, Shuai Guo, Conglian Liang, Jin Pei, Jiang Xu, Shilin Chen
##Title##
Chin Med: 2020, 15;18
[PubMed:32082412] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

Lisha Zhao, Lina Xu, Xufeng Tao, Xu Han, Lianhong Yin, Yan Qi, Jinyong Peng
##Title##
Molecules: 2019, 24(24);
[PubMed:31861216] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Min Liu, Youwei Xu, Xu Han, Chen Liang, Lianhong Yin, Lina Xu, Yan Qi, Yanyan Zhao, Jinyong Peng, Changkai Sun
##Title##
Molecules: 2019, 24(23);
[PubMed:31757118] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Qiping Zhan, Qian Wang, Ruge Lin, Ping He, Furao Lai, Mengmeng Zhang, Hui Wu
Structural characterization and immunomodulatory activity of a novel acid polysaccharide isolated from the pulp of Rosa laevigata Michx fruit.
Int. J. Biol. Macromol.: 2020, 145;1080-1090
[PubMed:31730989] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Jungbin Song, Seung Hwan Lee, Hocheol Kim
Efficacy and safety of HT080 for lower urinary tract symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia: A study protocol for a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
Medicine (Baltimore): 2019, 98(45);e17848
[PubMed:31702643] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects