Raphanus sativus

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Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Raphanus sativus

Raphanus sativus in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Laifuzi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Radish Seed

Specific Name  : Semen raphani

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The plant is cut up in summer when the fruit is ripe and dried in the sun. The seed is rubbed out, remove from foreign matter and dried in the sun.

Description  : Sub-ovoid or ellipsoidal, slightly flattened, 2.5 - 4 mm long, 2 - 3 mm wide. Externally yellowish brown with a dark brown round hilum at the end and several longitudinal furrows on one side. Testa thin and brittle, 2 cotyledons, yellowish white and oily, Odorless, taste weak, slightly bitter and pungent.

Identification  : 1.To a small quantity of the powder, add a small piece of sodium hydroxide, heat on a flame and cool. Dissolve the mixture in 2ml of water and filter. Acidify 1 ml of the filtrate with 5% hydrochloric acid, the gas of hydrogen sulfide is evolve and brilliant brownish black color occurred on contracting with the frreshy prepared lead acetate TP.2.Dissolve a small piece of sodium nitroprusside in 1 - 2 drops of water on a whita porcelain plate, add 1 - 2 drops of the above remained filtrate obtained from Identification test (1), a purplish red color is produced.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash clean, break to pieces before use.Stir fried: Stir fry as described under the method for simple stir frying (Appendix 11 D) to slightly expanded, break to pieces before use.

Action  : To promote digestion and relieve abdominal distension, and to relieve cough and resolve phlegm.

Indication  : retention of undigested food with epigastric and abdominal distension and pain, and constipation; diarrhea due to stagnation of undigested food; cough and dyspnea with copious expectoration

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

Synonymns for Raphanus sativus

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Raphanus sativus

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Raphanus sativus in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Hiroto Kobayashi, Kenta Shirasawa, Nobuko Fukino, Hideki Hirakawa, Takashi Akanuma, Hiroyasu Kitashiba
Identification of genome-wide SNPs among geographically diverse radish accessions.
DNA Res.: 2020;
[PubMed:32065621] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Setareh Auobi Amirabad, Farhad Behtash, Yavar Vafaee
Selenium mitigates cadmium toxicity by preventing oxidative stress and enhancing photosynthesis and micronutrient availability on radish (Raphanus sativus L.) cv. Cherry Belle.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int: 2020;
[PubMed:31997246] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Rugang Yu, Xueling Du, Jing Li, Lan Liu, Chaomeng Hu, Xiaoling Yan, Yuqing Xia, Huijuan Xu
Identification and differential expression analysis of anthocyanin biosynthetic genes in root-skin color variants of radish (Raphanus sativus L.).
Genes Genomics: 2020;
[PubMed:31997158] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Seyed Mohammad Bagher Hashemi, Khadijeh Abhari, Amin Mousavi Khaneghah
##Title##
Food Sci Nutr: 2020, 8(1);162-169
[PubMed:31993142] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

Qingbiao Wang, Yanping Wang, Honghe Sun, Liang Sun, Li Zhang
Transposon-induced methylation of the RsMYB1 promoter disturbs the anthocyanin accumulation in red-fleshed radish (Raphanus sativus L.).
J. Exp. Bot.: 2020;
[PubMed:31961436] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects