Quisqualis indica

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P277 2.jpg
Tcm183.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Quisqualis indica

Quisqualis indica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Shijunrou ʹ¾ýÈâ Chinese Name (pinyin): Shijunzi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Quisqualis Fruit

Specific Name  : Fructus quisqualis

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The fruit is collected in autumn when pericarp turn purplish black, remove from foreign matter and dried.

Description  : Ellipsoidal or ovoid, 5-ribbed longitudinally, occasionally 4 - 9-ribbed, 2.5 - 4cm long, about 2cm in diameter. Externally blackish brown to purplish black, smooth, somewhat lustrous. Apex narrowly acute, base obtuse rounded with a marked rounded fruit stalk scar. Texture hard. Transverse section frequently 5 pointed star shaped, relatively thick at the ribs with a subrounded hollowed center. Seeds long ellipsoidal or fusiform about 2cm long, 1cm in diameter, externally brown or blackish brown with many longitudinal wrinkles. Testa thin, easily stripped, 2 cotyledons, yellowish white, oily, fractured fissured, odor slightly aromatic and taste slightly sweet.

Identification  :

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter.Semen Quisqualis: Remove the pericarp of the clean Fructus Quisqualis.Semen Quisqualis (stir fried): stir fry as described under the method for simple stir frying (Appendix ll D) to scented.

Action  : To kill worms.

Indication  : ascariasis, oxyuriasis, abdominal pain or infantile malnutrition due to intestinal parasitosis

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 12 g to be broken to pieces for making decoction; 6 to 9 g of the seeds mostly used in making pills or powder, or to be taken alone in 1 to 2 divided doses.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

P277 2.jpg
Tcm183.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Quisqualis indica

Quisqualis indica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Shijunrou ʹ¾ýÈâ Chinese Name (pinyin): Shijunzi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Quisqualis Fruit

Specific Name  : Fructus quisqualis

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The fruit is collected in autumn when pericarp turn purplish black, remove from foreign matter and dried.

Description  : Ellipsoidal or ovoid, 5-ribbed longitudinally, occasionally 4 - 9-ribbed, 2.5 - 4cm long, about 2cm in diameter. Externally blackish brown to purplish black, smooth, somewhat lustrous. Apex narrowly acute, base obtuse rounded with a marked rounded fruit stalk scar. Texture hard. Transverse section frequently 5 pointed star shaped, relatively thick at the ribs with a subrounded hollowed center. Seeds long ellipsoidal or fusiform about 2cm long, 1cm in diameter, externally brown or blackish brown with many longitudinal wrinkles. Testa thin, easily stripped, 2 cotyledons, yellowish white, oily, fractured fissured, odor slightly aromatic and taste slightly sweet.

Identification  :

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter.Semen Quisqualis: Remove the pericarp of the clean Fructus Quisqualis.Semen Quisqualis (stir fried): stir fry as described under the method for simple stir frying (Appendix ll D) to scented.

Action  : To kill worms.

Indication  : ascariasis, oxyuriasis, abdominal pain or infantile malnutrition due to intestinal parasitosis

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 12 g to be broken to pieces for making decoction; 6 to 9 g of the seeds mostly used in making pills or powder, or to be taken alone in 1 to 2 divided doses.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

Synonymns for Quisqualis indica

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Quisqualis indica

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Quisqualis indica in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Jong Min Baek, Hyun Jun Kim, Min Woo Nam, Hyun Jin Park, Sung Hum Yeon, Myeong Hwan Oh, Ji Soo Yoon, Hyo Jung Kwon, Kyu Pil Lee, Jong Hwan Lim
##Title##
Prev Nutr Food Sci: 2019, 24(4);492-497
[PubMed:31915646] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Prasant Kumar Rout, Prashant Kumar, Y Ramachandra Rao, Anant Kumar, Dnyaneshwar U Bawankule, Ruchi Singh, Kijay Bahadur Singh, Chandan Singh Chanotiya, S N Naik
##Title##
Nat. Prod. Res.: 2019;1-7
[PubMed:31264476] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Ariba Shah, Zaheeruddin Khan, Shanzay Saleem, Sidra Farid
Antioxidant activity of an ethnobotanically important plant Quisqualis indica Linn.
Pak J Pharm Sci: 2019, 32(1);95-102
[PubMed:30772796] [WorldCat.org] (P p)

Juan Yan, Menglin Wang, Ling Zhang
##Title##
Plant Divers: 2018, 40(1);28-34
[PubMed:30159538] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Ria Mukhopadhyay, Julekha Kazi, Mita Chatterjee Debnath
Synthesis and characterization of copper nanoparticles stabilized with Quisqualis indica extract: Evaluation of its cytotoxicity and apoptosis in B16F10 melanoma cells.
Biomed. Pharmacother.: 2018, 97;1373-1385
[PubMed:29156527] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects