Pyrola calliantha

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Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Pyrola calliantha

Pyrola calliantha in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Luxiancao

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Pyrola Herb

Specific Name  : Herba pyrolae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected all the year round, remove from foreign matter, dried in the sun until the leaf relatively soft, piled up until the leaf turns purplish brown and dried in the sun.

Description  : Rhizomes slender, stems cylindrical or with longitudinal ridges, 10 - 30cm long, leaves basal long ovate or subrounded, 2 - 8cm long, dark green or purplish brown, apex rounded or slightly acute, entire or sparsely serrulate, edges slightly curved, the upper surface sometimes bearing white stripe along the veins. The lower surface sometimes covered with white powder. Racemes flowers, 4 - 10 or more half nodding, 5 calyx, tongue shaped or ovate oblong, 5 petals, decidous, 10 stamens, the anthers with small angles at the base, dehiscing by teminal pores, style exerted witrh a prominent ring shaped stigma disk. Capsules oblate, 7 - 10mm in diameter, 5-dehiscent longitudinally with spider-thread-shaped hairs on the edges of segments. Odour slight, taste weak and slightly bitter.

Identification  : Transverse section of leaf: Epidermal cells of the upper and lower epidermis subrectangular, covered with cuticle. Stomata visible on the lower epidermis, occurring in the inner side of the lower epidermis and 1 - 3 rows occurring on the inner side of upper epidermis. Palisade cells indistinct, spongy cells subrounded containing clusters of calcium oxalate. The rascular bundles of midrib collateral, xylem crescent shaped, phloem narrow, parenchymatous cells containing reddish brown or brownish yellow substances.Water: Carry out the determination of water (Appendix lX H, method 1) not more than 13.9%Total ash : Not more than 7.0%

Processing  :

Action  : To relieve rehumatic conditions, to strengthen the tendons and bones, and to arrest bleeding.

Indication  : arthralgia with weakness of the loins and knees; excessive menstrual flow; chronic phthisical cough

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place, protected from moisture.

Synonymns for Pyrola calliantha

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Pyrola calliantha

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Pyrola calliantha in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Peng Wang, Yi-Meng Gao, Xing Sun, Na Guo, Ji Li, Wei Wang, Li-Ping Yao, Yu-Jie Fu
Hepatoprotective effect of 2'-O-galloylhyperin against oxidative stress-induced liver damage through induction of Nrf2/ARE-mediated antioxidant pathway.
Food Chem. Toxicol.: 2017, 102;129-142
[PubMed:28213291] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Xian-Ying Yang, Ai-Lin Liu, Shu-Jing Liu, Xiao-Wei Xu, Lin-Fang Huang
Screening for Neuraminidase Inhibitory Activity in Traditional Chinese Medicines Used to Treat Influenza.
Molecules: 2016, 21(9);
[PubMed:27618892] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Dongmei Wang, Fengyuan He, Zhenjiang Lv, Dengwu Li
Phytochemical composition, antioxidant activity and HPLC fingerprinting profiles of three Pyrola species from different regions.
PLoS ONE: 2014, 9(5);e96329
[PubMed:24796694] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Donghui Zhou, Yuanzhe Jin, Fengchen Yao, Zhiying Duan, Qi Wang, Jing Liu
Validated LC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous determination of hyperoside and 2''-O-galloylhyperin in rat plasma: application to a pharmacokinetic study in rats.
Biomed. Chromatogr.: 2014, 28(8);1057-63
[PubMed:24375731] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Dong-Yang Zhang, Xiao-Hui Yao, Ming-Hui Duan, Meng Luo, Wei Wang, Yu-Jie Fu, Yuan-Gang Zu, Thomas Efferth
An effective negative pressure cavitation-microwave assisted extraction for determination of phenolic compounds in P. calliantha H. Andr.
Analyst: 2013, 138(16);4631-41
[PubMed:23762895] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects