Prunus persica

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P356 2.jpg
P356 1.jpg
Tcm55.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Prunus persica

Prunus persica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Taorenni ÌÒÈÊÄà Chinese Name (pinyin): Taoren

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Peach Kernel

Specific Name  : Semen persicae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The fruit is collected when ripe, the seed is removed from sarcocarp and shell (endocarp) and dried in the sun.

Description  : Seed of Prunus persicae: 1.2 - 1.8cm long. 0.8 - 1.2 wide, 0.2 - 0.4 cm thick. Externally yellowish brown to reddish brown with numerous granular protrudings. One end acute, expanded in the middle, the other end obtuse rounded and slightly oblique with relatively thin edge. A short linear hilum occurring by the acute and a relatively distinct and slightly dark chalaza at the round end with many longitudinal vascular bundles radiated from chalaza, testa thin , 2 cotyledons almost white and oily, odour weak and taste slightly bitter.Seed of prunus davidiana: Sub-ovoid, smaller but thicker, about 0.9 cm long, 0.7 cm wide and 0.5 cm thick.

Identification  : Powdered or isolated tissue of testa , Seed of Prunus persica: Stone cells yellowish brown, conchoidal, helmet shape or elliptic in lateral view, 54 - 153 µm high up to 180µm wide at the base with one sider, wall thicker and more densely striated than the other side, sub-rounded, rounded, polygonal or sub-square in surface view with large and dense pits in the cell bottom walls.Powdered testa of Seed of Prunus davidiana: Stone cells pale yellow, orange yellow or orange red, conchoidal, oblong, elliptic or stripe shape in lateral view, 81 - 198 - 279µm high about 128 (-198)µm wide, sub-rounded, sub-hexagonal, prolately polygonal or sub-square in surface view with smaller pits in unevenly thickened bottom walls.Foreign matter: Not more than 1% (Appendix 1X A)

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matters, break into pieces before use.Blanched in boiling water: Peel as described under the method for rinsing in boiling water (Appendix 11 D). Break to pieces before use.Stir fried: Stir fry the water rinsed Semen Persicae as described under the method for simple stir frying (Appendix 11 D) to yellow color. Break to pieces before use.

Action  : To promote blood circulation, to eliminate phlegm, an dto relax the bowels.

Indication  : amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, mass formation in the abdomen, traumatic injuries; constipation

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ool and dry place, protected from moth.

P356 2.jpg
P356 1.jpg
Tcm55.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Prunus persica

Prunus persica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Taorenni ÌÒÈÊÄà Chinese Name (pinyin): Taoren

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Peach Kernel

Specific Name  : Semen persicae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The fruit is collected when ripe, the seed is removed from sarcocarp and shell (endocarp) and dried in the sun.

Description  : Seed of Prunus persicae: 1.2 - 1.8cm long. 0.8 - 1.2 wide, 0.2 - 0.4 cm thick. Externally yellowish brown to reddish brown with numerous granular protrudings. One end acute, expanded in the middle, the other end obtuse rounded and slightly oblique with relatively thin edge. A short linear hilum occurring by the acute and a relatively distinct and slightly dark chalaza at the round end with many longitudinal vascular bundles radiated from chalaza, testa thin , 2 cotyledons almost white and oily, odour weak and taste slightly bitter.Seed of prunus davidiana: Sub-ovoid, smaller but thicker, about 0.9 cm long, 0.7 cm wide and 0.5 cm thick.

Identification  : Powdered or isolated tissue of testa , Seed of Prunus persica: Stone cells yellowish brown, conchoidal, helmet shape or elliptic in lateral view, 54 - 153 µm high up to 180µm wide at the base with one sider, wall thicker and more densely striated than the other side, sub-rounded, rounded, polygonal or sub-square in surface view with large and dense pits in the cell bottom walls.Powdered testa of Seed of Prunus davidiana: Stone cells pale yellow, orange yellow or orange red, conchoidal, oblong, elliptic or stripe shape in lateral view, 81 - 198 - 279µm high about 128 (-198)µm wide, sub-rounded, sub-hexagonal, prolately polygonal or sub-square in surface view with smaller pits in unevenly thickened bottom walls.Foreign matter: Not more than 1% (Appendix 1X A)

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matters, break into pieces before use.Blanched in boiling water: Peel as described under the method for rinsing in boiling water (Appendix 11 D). Break to pieces before use.Stir fried: Stir fry the water rinsed Semen Persicae as described under the method for simple stir frying (Appendix 11 D) to yellow color. Break to pieces before use.

Action  : To promote blood circulation, to eliminate phlegm, an dto relax the bowels.

Indication  : amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, mass formation in the abdomen, traumatic injuries; constipation

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ool and dry place, protected from moth.

Synonymns for Prunus persica

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Prunus persica

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Prunus persica in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Lulu Dai, Kazuhiko Kobayashi, Isamu Nouchi, Yuji Masutomi, Zhaozhong Feng
Quantifying determinants of ozone detoxification by apoplastic ascorbate in peach (Prunus persica) leaves using a model of ozone transport and reaction.
Glob Chang Biol: 2020;
[PubMed:32090419] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Yuxin Zhang, Qionghou Li, Linlin Xu, Xin Qiao, Chunxin Liu, Shaoling Zhang
Comparative analysis of the P-type ATPase gene family in seven Rosaceae species and an expression analysis in pear (Pyrus bretschneideri Rehd.).
Genomics: 2020;
[PubMed:32057915] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Qian Peng, Lu Wang, Collins Ogutu, Jingjing Liu, Li Liu, Md Dulal Ali Mollah, Yuepeng Han
##Title##
Int J Mol Sci: 2020, 21(3);
[PubMed:32046163] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Justin D Tanner, Ioannis S Minas, Katheryn Y Chen, Maria M Jenderek, Stephen J Wallner
Antimicrobial forcing solution improves recovery of cryopreserved temperate fruit tree dormant buds.
Cryobiology: 2020;
[PubMed:32004576] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Xinxin Wu, Yong Zhou, Dan Yao, Shahid Iqbal, Zhihong Gao, Zhen Zhang
DNA methylation of LDOX gene contributes to the floral colour variegation in peach.
J. Plant Physiol.: 2020, 246-247;153116
[PubMed:31981816] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects