Prunus davidiana

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P356 2.jpg
P356 1.jpg


Other Names:

Historical Use of Prunus davidiana

Prunus davidiana in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Taorenni ÌÒÈÊÄà Chinese Name (pinyin): Taoren

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Peach Kernel

Specific Name  : Semen persicae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The fruit is collected when ripe, the seed is removed from sarcocarp and shell (endocarp) and dried in the sun.

Description  : Seed of Prunus persicae: 1.2 - 1.8cm long. 0.8 - 1.2 wide, 0.2 - 0.4 cm thick. Externally yellowish brown to reddish brown with numerous granular protrudings. One end acute, expanded in the middle, the other end obtuse rounded and slightly oblique with relatively thin edge. A short linear hilum occurring by the acute and a relatively distinct and slightly dark chalaza at the round end with many longitudinal vascular bundles radiated from chalaza, testa thin , 2 cotyledons almost white and oily, odour weak and taste slightly bitter.Seed of prunus davidiana: Sub-ovoid, smaller but thicker, about 0.9 cm long, 0.7 cm wide and 0.5 cm thick.

Identification  : Powdered or isolated tissue of testa , Seed of Prunus persica: Stone cells yellowish brown, conchoidal, helmet shape or elliptic in lateral view, 54 - 153 µm high up to 180µm wide at the base with one sider, wall thicker and more densely striated than the other side, sub-rounded, rounded, polygonal or sub-square in surface view with large and dense pits in the cell bottom walls.Powdered testa of Seed of Prunus davidiana: Stone cells pale yellow, orange yellow or orange red, conchoidal, oblong, elliptic or stripe shape in lateral view, 81 - 198 - 279µm high about 128 (-198)µm wide, sub-rounded, sub-hexagonal, prolately polygonal or sub-square in surface view with smaller pits in unevenly thickened bottom walls.Foreign matter: Not more than 1% (Appendix 1X A)

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matters, break into pieces before use.Blanched in boiling water: Peel as described under the method for rinsing in boiling water (Appendix 11 D). Break to pieces before use.Stir fried: Stir fry the water rinsed Semen Persicae as described under the method for simple stir frying (Appendix 11 D) to yellow color. Break to pieces before use.

Action  : To promote blood circulation, to eliminate phlegm, an dto relax the bowels.

Indication  : amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, mass formation in the abdomen, traumatic injuries; constipation

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ool and dry place, protected from moth.

Synonymns for Prunus davidiana

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Prunus davidiana

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Prunus davidiana in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Han Gao, Li Xiao, Dan Niu, Yin-Xia Ni, Yi-Mei Huang
[Effects of Converting Farmland into Forest and Grassland on Soil Nitrogen Component and Conversion Enzyme Activity in the Mountainous Area of Southern Ningxia].
Huan Jing Ke Xue: 2019, 40(8);3825-3832
[PubMed:31854793] [] [DOI] (P p)

Qiushi Hou, Tong Han, Liang Li, Junzhu Wang, Meichun Yu, Song Zhang, Mengji Cao, Caixia Yang
The complete nucleotide sequence and genome organization of a novel virus of the order Tymovirales isolated from Prunus davidiana (Carr.) Franch. in Liaoning, China.
Arch. Virol.: 2019, 164(5);1245-1248
[PubMed:30923968] [] [DOI] (I p)

Yu-Chen Cheng, De-Jian Zhang, Zhan-Yuan Lu, Xue-Song Ye, Jian-Guo Wang, Ping Sun, Bao-Wei Zhang
Appl Plant Sci: 2018, 6(6);e01158
[PubMed:30131900] [] [DOI] (P e)

Dong Liu, Yimei Huang, Hao Yan, Yueli Jiang, Tong Zhao, Shaoshan An
Dynamics of soil nitrogen fractions and their relationship with soil microbial communities in two forest species of northern China.
PLoS ONE: 2018, 13(5);e0196567
[PubMed:29795562] [] [DOI] (I e)

Marco Cirilli, Laura Rossini, Filippo Geuna, Francesco Palmisano, Angelantonio Minafra, Tiziana Castrignanò, Stefano Gattolin, Angelo Ciacciulli, Anna Rosa Babini, Alessandro Liverani, Daniele Bassi
Genetic dissection of Sharka disease tolerance in peach (P. persica L. Batsch).
BMC Plant Biol.: 2017, 17(1);192
[PubMed:29100531] [] [DOI] (I e)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects