Pleione bulbocodioides

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Pleione bulbocodioides

Pleione bulbocodioides in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Shancigu

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Appendiculate Cremastra Pseudo-bulb

Specific Name  : Pseudobulbus cremastrae seu pleniones

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn and summer, removed from the aerial part and soil, sorted according to size, steamed thoroughly with boiling water and dried.

Description  : Maocigu: Irregularly oblate or conical, top gradually protruding, base with rootlet scars, 1.8 - 3 cm long. The swollen part 1 - 2 cm in diameter. External yellowish brown or brown, with longitudinal wrinkles and furrows and exhibiting 2 - 3 slight prominent, ringed nodes with remains of some fusiform fibres derived from the withering and decaying scaly leaves. Texture hard, not easily broken, fracture greyish white or yellowish white, slightly horny. Odour slight and taste weak and sticky.Bingqiuzi: Conical, bottle neck like or irregular masses, 1 - 2cm in diameter. 1.5 - 2.5cm high. Top acuminate, the broken tip dish shaped, base swollen and rounded flattened, dented at the middle with 1 - 2 ringed nodes, mostly inclined to one side. Externally yellowish white for the peeled drug and brownish for the unpeeled, smooth with irregular wrinkles. Fracture yellowish, horny and translucent.Identification: Transverse section: Macigu The outer most consisting of a layer of flattened epidermal cells, 2 - 3 layers of sclerenchymatous cells beneath, yellowish. The inner most consisting of large subrounded parenchymatous cells containing mucilage and starch granules. Parenchymatous cells near epidermis containing raphides of calcium oxalate, 70 - 150µm long. Vascular bundles scattered, collateral.Bingqiuzi: Epidermal cells tangentially elongated, starch granules occurring in a small parenchymatous cells, vascular bundle sheath fibres crescent, occasionally double crescent.

Identification  :

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, soak for about 1 hour, soften thoroughly, cut into thin slices and dry, or fry after washing. Pound to pieces before use.

Action  : To remove toxic heat, and to dissolve lumps.

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

Synonymns for Pleione bulbocodioides

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Pleione bulbocodioides

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Pleione bulbocodioides in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Chao Wang, Si-Yuan Shao, Shao-Wei Han, Shuai Li
Atropisomeric bi(9,10-dihydro)phenanthrene and phenanthrene/bibenzyl dimers with cytotoxic activity from the pseudobulbs of Pleione bulbocodioides.
Fitoterapia: 2019, 138;104313
[PubMed:31421147] [] [DOI] (I p)

Si-Yuan Shao, Chao Wang, Shao-Wei Han, Mo-Han Sun, Shuai Li
Phenanthrenequinone enantiomers with cytotoxic activities from the tubers of Pleione bulbocodioides.
Org. Biomol. Chem.: 2019, 17(3);567-572
[PubMed:30574990] [] [DOI] (I p)

Shaowei Han, Chao Wang, Baosong Cui, Hua Sun, Jianjun Zhang, Shuai Li
Hepatoprotective activity of glucosyloxybenzyl succinate derivatives from the pseudobulbs of Pleione bulbocodioides.
Phytochemistry: 2019, 157;71-81
[PubMed:30384089] [] [DOI] (I p)

Yuan Li, Ze-Hong Wu, Ke-Wu Zeng, Ming-Bo Zhao, Yong Jiang, Jun Li, Peng-Fei Tu
A new prenylated flavone from Pleione bulbocodioides.
J Asian Nat Prod Res: 2017, 19(7);738-743
[PubMed:28402149] [] [DOI] (I p)

Guangyan Li, Xiangwen Song, Bangxing Han, Shiying Fang
[Evolution of the origin of strain of Shancigu (Rhizoma Pleionis)].
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi: 2015, 45(3);137-40
[PubMed:26420522] [] (P p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects