Plantago asiatica

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P81 1.jpg
Tcm327.jpg
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Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Plantago asiatica

Plantago asiatica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Cheqiancao

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Plantain herb

Specific Name  : Herba plantaginis

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in summer, remove from soil and dried in the sun.

Description  : Herb of Plantago asiatica: Roots flascilcled and fibrous, basal leaves long petioled, lamina crumpled when whole, ovate elliptical or broadly ovate, 6 - 13cm long, 2.5 - 8cm wide, externally greyish green or blackish green with 5 - 7 distinct arched veins, obtuse or acute at the apex, broadly cuneate at the base, margins entire or irregularly sinuate dentate. Spike several with a long scape. Capsules circumscessile, calyx persistent, odour slightly aromatic, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : Lamina in surface viewHerb of Plantago asiatica: The epidermal cells of both the surfaces subrectangular, the upper epidermal cells with striated cuticle. Stomata anomocytic, subsidiary cells 3 - 4. Glandular hairs with an elliptical head of 2 cells and unicellular stalk. Non-glandular hairs infrequent, 2 - 5celled. 100 - 320µm long with slightly thickened and faintly warty walls.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash clean, cut into sections and dry in the sun.

Action  : To remove heat and to induce diuresis, to promote expectoration, to reduce heat in blood and to counteract toxicity.

Indication  : edema with oliguria; urinary infection with difficult painful urination; diarrhea caused by summer-damp; cough caused by phlegm-heat; spitting of blood, epistaxis; carbuncles and sores

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 30 g or 30 to 60 g of the fresh herb to be decocted or to be pounded to obtain the juice for oral administration; for external use, appropriate quantity of the fresh herb to be pounded into paste and applied topically.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated dry place.

P81 1.jpg
Tcm327.jpg
P80 3.jpg
Tcm107.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Plantago asiatica

Plantago asiatica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chaocheqian ³´³µÇ° Chinese Name (pinyin): Cheqianzi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Plantain Seed

Specific Name  : Semen plantaginis

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The fruit spike is collected in summer and autumn when seed is ripe and dried in the sun. The seed is rubbed out and removed from foreign matter.

Description  : Ellipsoid, irregular oblong or triangular oblong, slightly flattened, about 2 mm long, 1mm wide. Externally yellowish brown to dark brown with fine wrinkles and greyish white concave pointed hilum on one side. Texture hard, odor slight and taste weak.

Identification  : 1.Seed of Plantago asiatica: Powder dark yellow brown. The outer epidertmal cells of testa subsquare or slightly elongated tangentially in sectional view with mucilaginous walls. The inner epidermal cells of testa sub-rectangular in surface view, 5 - 19µm in diameter up to about 83µm long, thin walled, slightly sinous usually parqueted. The endosperm cell walls heavily thickened filled with small aleurone grains.2.Plantago depressa: The inner epidermal cells of testa relatively small, 5 - 15µm in diameter, 11 - 45µm long.3.Shake 0.1g of drug with 3ml of water, allow to stand for 30 minutes and filter. To the filtrate add 3ml of dilute hydrochloric acid, boil for 1 minute, cool, neutralize with sodium hydroxide TS, add 1 ml of alkaline cupric tartarate TS, heat on a water bath, a red precipitate is produced. Acid Insoluble ash: Not more than 2.0% (Appendix lX K)Swelling capacity: Weigh accurately 1g of the drug, carry out the method for determination of swelling capacity (Appendix lX D), not less than 4.0.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter.Processed with salt: Stir fry as described under the method for processing with salt water (Appendix 11 D) until it cracks, spray with salt water and stir fry to dryness.

Action  : To remove heat, to cause diuresis and eliminate damp, to relieve dysuria, to clear the eye, and to promote expectoration.

Indication  : edema; dysuria with difficult painful urination; diarrhea caused by summer damp; inflammation of the eye; cough caused by phlegm-heat

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g, to be wrapped for making decoction.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moisture.

P81 1.jpg
Tcm327.jpg
P80 3.jpg
Tcm107.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Plantago asiatica

Plantago asiatica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Cheqiancao

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Plantain herb

Specific Name  : Herba plantaginis

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in summer, remove from soil and dried in the sun.

Description  : Herb of Plantago asiatica: Roots flascilcled and fibrous, basal leaves long petioled, lamina crumpled when whole, ovate elliptical or broadly ovate, 6 - 13cm long, 2.5 - 8cm wide, externally greyish green or blackish green with 5 - 7 distinct arched veins, obtuse or acute at the apex, broadly cuneate at the base, margins entire or irregularly sinuate dentate. Spike several with a long scape. Capsules circumscessile, calyx persistent, odour slightly aromatic, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : Lamina in surface viewHerb of Plantago asiatica: The epidermal cells of both the surfaces subrectangular, the upper epidermal cells with striated cuticle. Stomata anomocytic, subsidiary cells 3 - 4. Glandular hairs with an elliptical head of 2 cells and unicellular stalk. Non-glandular hairs infrequent, 2 - 5celled. 100 - 320µm long with slightly thickened and faintly warty walls.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash clean, cut into sections and dry in the sun.

Action  : To remove heat and to induce diuresis, to promote expectoration, to reduce heat in blood and to counteract toxicity.

Indication  : edema with oliguria; urinary infection with difficult painful urination; diarrhea caused by summer-damp; cough caused by phlegm-heat; spitting of blood, epistaxis; carbuncles and sores

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 30 g or 30 to 60 g of the fresh herb to be decocted or to be pounded to obtain the juice for oral administration; for external use, appropriate quantity of the fresh herb to be pounded into paste and applied topically.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated dry place.

P81 1.jpg
Tcm327.jpg
P80 3.jpg
Tcm107.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Plantago asiatica

Plantago asiatica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chaocheqian ³´³µÇ° Chinese Name (pinyin): Cheqianzi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Plantain Seed

Specific Name  : Semen plantaginis

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The fruit spike is collected in summer and autumn when seed is ripe and dried in the sun. The seed is rubbed out and removed from foreign matter.

Description  : Ellipsoid, irregular oblong or triangular oblong, slightly flattened, about 2 mm long, 1mm wide. Externally yellowish brown to dark brown with fine wrinkles and greyish white concave pointed hilum on one side. Texture hard, odor slight and taste weak.

Identification  : 1.Seed of Plantago asiatica: Powder dark yellow brown. The outer epidertmal cells of testa subsquare or slightly elongated tangentially in sectional view with mucilaginous walls. The inner epidermal cells of testa sub-rectangular in surface view, 5 - 19µm in diameter up to about 83µm long, thin walled, slightly sinous usually parqueted. The endosperm cell walls heavily thickened filled with small aleurone grains.2.Plantago depressa: The inner epidermal cells of testa relatively small, 5 - 15µm in diameter, 11 - 45µm long.3.Shake 0.1g of drug with 3ml of water, allow to stand for 30 minutes and filter. To the filtrate add 3ml of dilute hydrochloric acid, boil for 1 minute, cool, neutralize with sodium hydroxide TS, add 1 ml of alkaline cupric tartarate TS, heat on a water bath, a red precipitate is produced. Acid Insoluble ash: Not more than 2.0% (Appendix lX K)Swelling capacity: Weigh accurately 1g of the drug, carry out the method for determination of swelling capacity (Appendix lX D), not less than 4.0.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter.Processed with salt: Stir fry as described under the method for processing with salt water (Appendix 11 D) until it cracks, spray with salt water and stir fry to dryness.

Action  : To remove heat, to cause diuresis and eliminate damp, to relieve dysuria, to clear the eye, and to promote expectoration.

Indication  : edema; dysuria with difficult painful urination; diarrhea caused by summer damp; inflammation of the eye; cough caused by phlegm-heat

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g, to be wrapped for making decoction.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moisture.

P81 1.jpg
Tcm327.jpg
P80 3.jpg
Tcm107.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Plantago asiatica

Plantago asiatica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Cheqiancao

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Plantain herb

Specific Name  : Herba plantaginis

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in summer, remove from soil and dried in the sun.

Description  : Herb of Plantago asiatica: Roots flascilcled and fibrous, basal leaves long petioled, lamina crumpled when whole, ovate elliptical or broadly ovate, 6 - 13cm long, 2.5 - 8cm wide, externally greyish green or blackish green with 5 - 7 distinct arched veins, obtuse or acute at the apex, broadly cuneate at the base, margins entire or irregularly sinuate dentate. Spike several with a long scape. Capsules circumscessile, calyx persistent, odour slightly aromatic, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : Lamina in surface viewHerb of Plantago asiatica: The epidermal cells of both the surfaces subrectangular, the upper epidermal cells with striated cuticle. Stomata anomocytic, subsidiary cells 3 - 4. Glandular hairs with an elliptical head of 2 cells and unicellular stalk. Non-glandular hairs infrequent, 2 - 5celled. 100 - 320µm long with slightly thickened and faintly warty walls.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash clean, cut into sections and dry in the sun.

Action  : To remove heat and to induce diuresis, to promote expectoration, to reduce heat in blood and to counteract toxicity.

Indication  : edema with oliguria; urinary infection with difficult painful urination; diarrhea caused by summer-damp; cough caused by phlegm-heat; spitting of blood, epistaxis; carbuncles and sores

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 30 g or 30 to 60 g of the fresh herb to be decocted or to be pounded to obtain the juice for oral administration; for external use, appropriate quantity of the fresh herb to be pounded into paste and applied topically.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated dry place.

P81 1.jpg
Tcm327.jpg
P80 3.jpg
Tcm107.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Plantago asiatica

Plantago asiatica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chaocheqian ³´³µÇ° Chinese Name (pinyin): Cheqianzi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Plantain Seed

Specific Name  : Semen plantaginis

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The fruit spike is collected in summer and autumn when seed is ripe and dried in the sun. The seed is rubbed out and removed from foreign matter.

Description  : Ellipsoid, irregular oblong or triangular oblong, slightly flattened, about 2 mm long, 1mm wide. Externally yellowish brown to dark brown with fine wrinkles and greyish white concave pointed hilum on one side. Texture hard, odor slight and taste weak.

Identification  : 1.Seed of Plantago asiatica: Powder dark yellow brown. The outer epidertmal cells of testa subsquare or slightly elongated tangentially in sectional view with mucilaginous walls. The inner epidermal cells of testa sub-rectangular in surface view, 5 - 19µm in diameter up to about 83µm long, thin walled, slightly sinous usually parqueted. The endosperm cell walls heavily thickened filled with small aleurone grains.2.Plantago depressa: The inner epidermal cells of testa relatively small, 5 - 15µm in diameter, 11 - 45µm long.3.Shake 0.1g of drug with 3ml of water, allow to stand for 30 minutes and filter. To the filtrate add 3ml of dilute hydrochloric acid, boil for 1 minute, cool, neutralize with sodium hydroxide TS, add 1 ml of alkaline cupric tartarate TS, heat on a water bath, a red precipitate is produced. Acid Insoluble ash: Not more than 2.0% (Appendix lX K)Swelling capacity: Weigh accurately 1g of the drug, carry out the method for determination of swelling capacity (Appendix lX D), not less than 4.0.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter.Processed with salt: Stir fry as described under the method for processing with salt water (Appendix 11 D) until it cracks, spray with salt water and stir fry to dryness.

Action  : To remove heat, to cause diuresis and eliminate damp, to relieve dysuria, to clear the eye, and to promote expectoration.

Indication  : edema; dysuria with difficult painful urination; diarrhea caused by summer damp; inflammation of the eye; cough caused by phlegm-heat

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g, to be wrapped for making decoction.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moisture.

Synonymns for Plantago asiatica

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Plantago asiatica

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Plantago asiatica in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Xiangchang Zeng, Fei Guo, Dongsheng Ouyang
A review of the pharmacology and toxicology of aucubin.
Fitoterapia: 2020, 140;104443
[PubMed:31790767] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Fenfen Li, Danfei Huang, Shaoping Nie, Mingyong Xie
##Title##
J Med Food: 2019, 22(10);1058-1066
[PubMed:31560611] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Akira Yamawo, Haruna Ohsaki, James F Cahill
Damage to leaf veins suppresses root foraging precision.
Am. J. Bot.: 2019, 106(8);1126-1130
[PubMed:31397892] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Suya Zhao, Yuhong Su, Hanxiao Liang
##Title##
J Environ Health Sci Eng: 2019, 17(1);141-150
[PubMed:31321042] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

Yuki Matsuo, Fawzia Novianti, Miki Takehara, Toshiyuki Fukuhara, Tsutomu Arie, Ken Komatsu
##Title##
Mol. Plant Microbe Interact.: 2019, 32(11);1475-1486
[PubMed:31298967] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects