Physalis alkekengi var. francheti

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Physalis alkekengi var. francheti

Physalis alkekengi var. francheti in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Guajindeng ¹Ò½ðµÆ jindenglong ½ðµÆÁý Chinese Name (pinyin): Jindenglong

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Calyx or Fruit of Franchet Groundberry

Specific Name  : Calyx seu fructus physalis

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn when the fruit is ripe and the persistent calyx turns to red or orange red and dried.

Description  : somewhat lantern shaped, mostly falttened, 3-4.5cm ong, 2.5-4cm wide. Externally orange-red or orange-yellow, possessing 5 distinct longitudinal ribs with fine reticulate veins between them. Apex acuminate, slightly 5-lobed, base somewhat truncate, center dented with a fruit stalk. Texture light and pliable, hollowed some containing brownish-red or orenge-red fruit. Fruit spherical, mostly flattened, 1-1.5cm in diameter, pericarp shrunken, containing numerous seeds. Odor, slight; taste, calyx bitter and fruit sweet, slightly sour.

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  : To remove toxic heat, to soothe the sore throat, to resolve phlegm, and to relieve dysuria.

Indication  : sore throat and hoarseness; cough with yellow sticku sputum; dysuria; external: pemphigus, eczema

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 5 to 9 g; for external use, appropriate quantity to be pounded into paste and applied topically.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

Synonymns for Physalis alkekengi var. francheti

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Physalis alkekengi var. francheti

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Physalis alkekengi var. francheti in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Md Moniruzzaman, Young-Won Chin, Jungsook Cho
HO-1 dependent antioxidant effects of ethyl acetate fraction from Physalis alkekengi fruit ameliorates scopolamine-induced cognitive impairments.
Cell Stress Chaperones: 2018, 23(4);763-772
[PubMed:29546728] [] [DOI] (I p)

Xin Zhao, Ziyang Chen, Yuling Yin, Xinli Li
Effects of polysaccharide from Physalis alkekengi var. francheti on liver injury and intestinal microflora in type-2 diabetic mice.
Pharm Biol: 2017, 55(1);2020-2025
[PubMed:28832229] [] [DOI] (I p)

Fanfan Zhu, Chunyan Dai, Yufei Fu, Jacky F C Loo, Dajin Xia, Sizhi P Gao, Zhongjun Ma, Zhe Chen
Physalin A exerts anti-tumor activity in non-small cell lung cancer cell lines by suppressing JAK/STAT3 signaling.
Oncotarget: 2016, 7(8);9462-76
[PubMed:26843613] [] [DOI] (I p)

Xinli Li, Guang Yang, Cuili Zhang, Dachang Wu, Li Tang, Yi Xin
Improvement of intestinal microflora balance by polysaccharide from Physalis alkekengi var. francheti.
Mol Med Rep: 2014, 9(2);677-82
[PubMed:24297313] [] [DOI] (I p)

Xinli Li, Cuili Zhang, Weiling Li, Dachang Wu, Jianjun Liu, Li Tang, Yi Xin
In vivo effects on the intestinal microflora of Physalis alkekengi var. francheti extracts.
Fitoterapia: 2013, 87;43-8
[PubMed:23562629] [] [DOI] (I p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects