Phaseolus calcaratus

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P212 2.jpg
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Other Names:

Historical Use of Phaseolus calcaratus

Phaseolus calcaratus in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Hongxiaodou ºìС¶¹ Chinese Name (pinyin): Chixiaodou

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Red Bean

Specific Name  : Semen phaseoli

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The plant is uprooted in autumn when the fruit is ripe but not dehiscent and dried in the sun. The seed is collected, removed from foreign matter and dried in the sun again.

Description  : Seed of Phaseolus calcaratus: Oblong and slightly flattened, 5 - 8mm long, 3 - 5mm in diameter. Externally purplish red, less lustrous or somewhat lustrous, hilum linear raised at one side and inclined to one end, white, about 2/3 in length of the seed, dented and forming and longitudinal furrow in the middle and with indistinct ridge at the other side. Texture hard, uneasily broken, 2 cotyledons, milky white. Odorless and taste slightly sweet.Seed of Paseolus angularis: Short cylindrical both ends slightly truncate or obtusely rounded, 4 - 6mm in diameter. Externally dark brownish red, lustrous hilum not raised.

Identification  : Seed of Phaseolus calcaratus: Transverse section, epidermal cells of testa consisting of 1 row of palisade cells, 2 rows in hilum containing reddish brown substance, light band distinct. Pillar cell 1 row, dumb-bell shape, underneath ranged 10- rows of parenchymatous cells with the inner cells dilapidated. Cotyledon cells containing numerous starch granules and fine prisms and clusters of calcium oxalate a caruncle occurring outside the palisade cells in hilum, a tracheid island occurring inside, elliptical cell walls, reticulate thickened with actinenchyma in both sides, cells stellar with large intercellular space. Seed of Phaseolus angularis: Fine calcium oxalate prisms occasionally visible in cotyledon cells containing no clusters.

Processing  :

Action  : To cause diuresis, to counteract toxicity, and to promote the drainage of pus.

Indication  : edema; jaundice with dark urine; acute rheumatic arthritis; carbuncles; boils, appendicitis

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 30 g; for external use, appropriate quntity to be ground into powder and applied topically after mixing with liquid.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place, protected from moth.

Synonymns for Phaseolus calcaratus

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Phaseolus calcaratus

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Phaseolus calcaratus in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Kin-Ichi Oyama, Tadao Kondo, Toshimichi Shimizu, Kumi Yoshida
Determination of absolute configuration of photo-degraded catechinopyranocyanidin A by modified Mosher's method.
Chirality: 2020;
[PubMed:32091633] [] [DOI] (I a)

Nicola Corcione, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Paolo Ferraro, Alberto Morello, Sirio Conte, Michele Cimmino, Carlo Vigna, Giacomo Frati, Giovanni De Persio, Luca Altamura, Fabrizio Tomai, Andrea Berni, Mauro Cassese, Martino Pepe, Arturo Giordano
Long-Term Follow-Up of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation With Portico Versus Evolut Devices.
Am. J. Cardiol.: 2020;
[PubMed:32087996] [] [DOI] (I a)

Nandita Bharadwaj, Sharmistha Barthakur, Akash Deep Biswas, Monoj Kumar Das, Manpreet Kour, Anand Ramteke, Nirmali Gogoi
Author Correction: Transcript expression profiling in two contrasting cultivars and molecular cloning of a SKP-1 like gene, a component of SCF-ubiquitin proteasome system from mungbean Vigna radiate L.
Sci Rep: 2020, 10(1);3327
[PubMed:32076093] [] [DOI] (I e)

Shohei Kusakabe, Nahoko Higasitani, Takakazu Kaneko, Michiko Yasuda, Hiroki Miwa, Shin Okazaki, Kazuhiko Saeki, Atsushi Higashitani, Shusei Sato
Lotus Accessions Possess Multiple Checkpoints Triggered by Different Type III Secretion System Effectors of the Wide-Host-Range Symbiont Bradyrhizobium elkanii USDA61.
Microbes Environ.: 2020, 35(1);
[PubMed:32074548] [] [DOI] (I p)

Sarah Corsi, Simona Iodice, Luisella Vigna, Akin Cayir, John C Mathers, Valentina Bollati, Hyang-Min Byun
Platelet mitochondrial DNA methylation predicts future cardiovascular outcome in adults with overweight and obesity.
Clin Epigenetics: 2020, 12(1);29
[PubMed:32066501] [] [DOI] (I e)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects