Pharbitis purpurea

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P322 2.jpg
P322 1.jpg


Other Names:

Historical Use of Pharbitis purpurea

Pharbitis purpurea in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Baichou °×³ó Erchou ¶þ³ó Heibaichou ºÚ°×³ó Heichou ºÚ³ó Chinese Name (pinyin): Qianniuzi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Pharbis Seed

Specific Name  : Semen pharbitidis

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The plant is cut up in late autumn when the fruit is ripe but not dehiscent and dried in the sun. The seed is tapped out and remove from foreign matter.

Description  : Orange segment shape, 4 - 8mm long, 3 - 5mm wide. Externally yellowish black (Heichou) or yellowish white (Baichou). Dorsal side with shallow longitudinal furrow and ventral side with pointed and slightly dented hilum at the lower end of rib. Texture hard in transverse section, lowish or yellowish crumpled and folded cotyledons visible, slightly oily. Odorless, taste pungent, bitter and numb.

Identification  : 1.Testa rimose when soak the drug in water giving a clear viscous and lubricate feeling when twisted with the fingers.2.Powder: Pale yellowish brown. Epidermal cells of testa dark brown, irregular in shape with lightly sinous walls. Nonglandular hairs unicellular, yellowish brown, slightly curved, 50 - 240 µm long. Sectretory cavities visible in cotyledons fragments, rounded or elliptical, 35 - 106µm in diameter. Clusters of calcium oxalate 10 - 25µm in diameter. Fragments of palisade cells of testa and light band visible occasionally.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, break to pieces before use.Stir fried: Stir fry as described under the method for simple stir frying (Appendix 11 D) to slightly inflated, break to pieces before use.

Action  : To cause drastic purgation for clearing way retained fluid, and to kill worms.

Indication  : anasarca with constipation and oliguria; dyspnea and cough caused by retained fluid; abdominal pain due to intestinal parasitosis; ascariasis, taeniasis

Precautions  : Contraindicated in pregnancy. In ompatible with Fructus Crotonis.

Dosage  : 3 to 6 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

Synonymns for Pharbitis purpurea

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Pharbitis purpurea

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Pharbitis purpurea in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Lindsay Chaney, Regina S Baucom
The soil microbial community alters patterns of selection on flowering time and fitness-related traits in Ipomoea purpurea.
Am. J. Bot.: 2020, 107(2);186-194
[PubMed:32052423] [] [DOI] (I p)

Megan Van Etten, Kristin M Lee, Shu-Mei Chang, Regina S Baucom
Parallel and nonparallel genomic responses contribute to herbicide resistance in Ipomoea purpurea, a common agricultural weed.
PLoS Genet.: 2020, 16(2);e1008593
[PubMed:32012153] [] [DOI] (I e)

S Srisuwan, D Sihachakr, J Martín, J Vallès, A Ressayre, S C Brown, S Siljak-Yakovlev
Change in nuclear DNA content and pollen size with polyploidisation in the sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas, Convolvulaceae) complex.
Plant Biol (Stuttg): 2019, 21(2);237-247
[PubMed:30468688] [] [DOI] (I p)

Kyeung Il Park, Eiji Nitasaka, Atsushi Hoshino
Anthocyanin mutants of Japanese and common morning glories exhibit normal proanthocyanidin accumulation in seed coats.
Plant Biotechnol (Tokyo): 2018, 35(3);259-266
[PubMed:31819731] [] [DOI] (P p)

Inkyu Park, Sungyu Yang, Wook J Kim, Pureum Noh, Hyun O Lee, Byeong C Moon
Front Plant Sci: 2018, 9;965
[PubMed:30026751] [] [DOI] (P e)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects