Perilla frutescens

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Perilla frutescens var. crispa

Perilla frutescens var. crispa in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chaosuzi ³´ËÕ×Ó Suzi ËÕ×Ó Chinese Name (pinyin): Zisuzi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Perilla Fruit

Specific Name  : Fructus perillae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn when ripe, remove from foreign matter and dried in the sun.

Description  : Ovoid or subspherical, 1.5mm in diameter. Externally greyish brown with dark purple and slightly protuberant reticulate striations, base slightly acute with greyish white and pointed fruit stalk scar. Pericarp thin and fragile, easily broken, seeds yellowish white, testa membranous, cotyledons 2, whitish and oily, odor aromatic on pressing, taste slightly pungent.

Identification  :

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash, clean and dry.Stir fried: stir fry as described under the method of simple stir frying (Appendix ll D) until the drug burst.

Action  : To relieve dyspnea and cough, to eliminate phlegm, and to relax bowels.

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

Synonymns for Perilla frutescens var. crispa

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Perilla frutescens var. crispa

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Perilla frutescens var. crispa in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Yuya Deguchi, Michiho Ito
Rosmarinic acid in Perilla frutescens and perilla herb analyzed by HPLC.
J Nat Med: 2019;
[PubMed:31848798] [] [DOI] (I a)

Chang Hyun Jin, Yangkang So, Hyo-Young Kim, Sung Nim Han, Jin-Baek Kim
Nutrients: 2019, 11(12);
[PubMed:31817175] [] [DOI] (I e)

Piotr Salachna, Monika Grzeszczuk, Edward Meller, Małgorzata Mizielińska
Effects of Gellan Oligosaccharide and NaCl Stress on Growth, Photosynthetic Pigments, Mineral Composition, Antioxidant Capacity and Antimicrobial Activity in Red Perilla.
Molecules: 2019, 24(21);
[PubMed:31671710] [] [DOI] (I e)

Dae Hyun Park, Kyu Jin Sa, Su Eun Lim, Shi Jun Ma, Ju Kyong Lee
Genetic diversity and population structure of Perilla frutescens collected from Korea and China based on simple sequence repeats (SSRs).
Genes Genomics: 2019, 41(11);1329-1340
[PubMed:31468347] [] [DOI] (I p)

Wei-Ping Li, Chang-Ling Wei, Chen-Wu Zhang, Bao-Lin Guo
[Study on morphological classification and chemical-type of Perilla frutescens cultivated germplasm].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi: 2019, 44(3);454-459
[PubMed:30989907] [] [DOI] (P p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects