Omphalia lapidescens

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Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Omphalia lapidescens

Omphalia lapidescens in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Leiwan

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Omphalia

Specific Name  : Omphalia

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn, washed clean and dried in the sun.

Description  : Subspheroid or irregular masses, 1 - 3cm in diameter, externally blackish brown or greyish brown with somewhat prominent and fine reticulate striations. Texture hard, uneasily broken, fracture uneven, white or pale greyish yellow, powdery or granular often with yellowish brown marble like striations. Odourless, taste slightly bitter with a sensation of granule and slightly viscose on chewing but without residue. If the fracture shows brown and horny, it can not be used medicinally.

Identification  : 1.Powder: pale grey, hyphae sticked together forming irregular masses, varrying in size, colourless, a few yellowish brown or brownish red. Scattered hyphae short with branches, about 4µm in diameter. Prisms of calcium oxalate fine up to about 8µm in diameter, some gathered in groups. Abundant needle crystal observed after adding sulfuric acid.2.To a small quantity of blackish brown hyphae scraped from the outer part add 1 drop of sodium hydroxide TS, a cherry red colour is produced which turns to yellow on acidifying with hydrochloric acid.

Processing  : Wash clean, dry in the sun and break to pieces. Do not boil or bake at a high temperature.

Action  : To kill worms.

Indication  : taeniasis, ancylostomiasis, ascariais; intestinal parasitosis with abdominal pain or with infantile malnutrition

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 15 to 21 g of powdered Omphalia to be taken with boiled water after meal, 2 or 3 times daily on 3 consecutive days.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place.

Synonymns for Omphalia lapidescens

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Omphalia lapidescens

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Omphalia lapidescens in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Fei Liu, Jin-Feng Chen, Yue Wang, Li Guo, Qin-Mei Zhou, Cheng Peng, Liang Xiong
Cytotoxicity of lanostane-type triterpenoids and ergosteroids isolated from Omphalia lapidescens on MDA-MB-231 and HGC-27 cells.
Biomed. Pharmacother.: 2019, 118;109273
[PubMed:31374354] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Luchao Chen, Zhongxia Lu, Yongle Yang, Lijun Du, Xiaofang Zhou, Yitao Chen
##Title##
Oncol Lett: 2018, 15(4);4161-4170
[PubMed:29541181] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Yong-Le Yang, Wei-Yao Gong, Fei-Fei Chen, Lu-Chao Chen, Yi-Tao Chen
##Title##
Oncol Lett: 2017, 14(1);533-540
[PubMed:28693202] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Yew Keong Choong, Jin Lan, Han Lim Lee, Xiang-Dong Chen, Xiao-Guang Wang, Yu-Ping Yang
Differential identification of mushrooms sclerotia by IR macro-fingerprint method.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc: 2016, 152;34-42
[PubMed:26186395] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Guo-ping Song, Jin-fu Li, Yan Chen, Jing Xu
[Effects of Omphalia lapidescens and Praziquantel on the Infectivity and Ultrastructure of Spirometra erinacei Plerocercoids].
Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi: 2015, 33(1);40-4
[PubMed:26080526] [WorldCat.org] (I p)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects