Murraya exotica

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Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Murraya exotica

Murraya exotica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Jiulixiang

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Murraya Jasminorage

Specific Name  : Folium et cacumen murrayae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected all year round, romoved from old branch and dried in the shade.

Description  : Leaf and cacumen of Murraya exotica: Young branches cylindrical, 1-5mm in diameter, surface greyish brown, longitudinal wrinkled. Texture hard, uneasily broken, fructure uneven, leaves pinnatly compound, leaflets 3 - 9 mostly fallen off, obovate or nearly rhombic, the widest part above the middle, 3cm long, 1.5cm wide, apex obtuse, acute or sunkened, base nearly oblique, margins entire, yellowish green, texture leathery. The upper surface bearing transparent gland cells, leaflets short petioled or nearly sessile, the lower part sometimes pubescent, odor aromatic, taste bitter, pungent and numb.Leaf and cacumen of Merraya paniculata: leaflets ovate or elliptical, the widest part under the middle, 2 - 8cm long, 1 - 3cm wide, acuminate or short acute.

Identification  : 1.Transverse section: Upper and lower epidermis 1 row of cells respectively, rectangular, bearing unicellular non-glandular hairs, 30 - 70 - (100) µm long, 9 - 15µm in diameter, mesophyll tissue bifacial, palisade tissue of 2 - 3 rows of cells not passing through the midrib. Vascular bundle of midrib bicollateral, lignified fibres occurring above and under the vascular bunale, mesophyll tissue containing numerous clusters of calcium oxalate, 9 - 25µm in diameter, sometimes prisms visible, oil cavities numerous, rounded, 80 - 120µm in diameter containing yellow oil droplets.2.To 2g of coarse powder add 20ml of 20ml of ethanol, heat under reflux on a water bath for 30 minutes and filter. Evaporate 5ml of the filtrate to dryness and dissolve the residue in 2ml of ethyl acetate. Transfer to a test tube, add 2 - 3 drops of each of freshly prepared 7% solutionof hydroxylamine hydrochloride in methanol and a 10% solution of potassium hydroxide in methanol, mix well, heat gently, cool, adjust the pH value to 3 - 4 with diluted hydrochloric acid. Add 1% solution of ferric chloride in ethanol, a purple red color is produced.

Processing  :

Action  : To promote the flow of qi, relieve pain, to resolve blood stasis.

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 6 to 12 g; to collect fresh leaves and pound it to paste for external application.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

P8 1.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Murraya exotica

Murraya exotica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Jiulixiang

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Murraya Jasminorage

Specific Name  : Folium et cacumen murrayae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected all year round, romoved from old branch and dried in the shade.

Description  : Leaf and cacumen of Murraya exotica: Young branches cylindrical, 1-5mm in diameter, surface greyish brown, longitudinal wrinkled. Texture hard, uneasily broken, fructure uneven, leaves pinnatly compound, leaflets 3 - 9 mostly fallen off, obovate or nearly rhombic, the widest part above the middle, 3cm long, 1.5cm wide, apex obtuse, acute or sunkened, base nearly oblique, margins entire, yellowish green, texture leathery. The upper surface bearing transparent gland cells, leaflets short petioled or nearly sessile, the lower part sometimes pubescent, odor aromatic, taste bitter, pungent and numb.Leaf and cacumen of Merraya paniculata: leaflets ovate or elliptical, the widest part under the middle, 2 - 8cm long, 1 - 3cm wide, acuminate or short acute.

Identification  : 1.Transverse section: Upper and lower epidermis 1 row of cells respectively, rectangular, bearing unicellular non-glandular hairs, 30 - 70 - (100) µm long, 9 - 15µm in diameter, mesophyll tissue bifacial, palisade tissue of 2 - 3 rows of cells not passing through the midrib. Vascular bundle of midrib bicollateral, lignified fibres occurring above and under the vascular bunale, mesophyll tissue containing numerous clusters of calcium oxalate, 9 - 25µm in diameter, sometimes prisms visible, oil cavities numerous, rounded, 80 - 120µm in diameter containing yellow oil droplets.2.To 2g of coarse powder add 20ml of 20ml of ethanol, heat under reflux on a water bath for 30 minutes and filter. Evaporate 5ml of the filtrate to dryness and dissolve the residue in 2ml of ethyl acetate. Transfer to a test tube, add 2 - 3 drops of each of freshly prepared 7% solutionof hydroxylamine hydrochloride in methanol and a 10% solution of potassium hydroxide in methanol, mix well, heat gently, cool, adjust the pH value to 3 - 4 with diluted hydrochloric acid. Add 1% solution of ferric chloride in ethanol, a purple red color is produced.

Processing  :

Action  : To promote the flow of qi, relieve pain, to resolve blood stasis.

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 6 to 12 g; to collect fresh leaves and pound it to paste for external application.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

P8 1.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Murraya exotica

Murraya exotica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Jiulixiang

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Murraya Jasminorage

Specific Name  : Folium et cacumen murrayae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected all year round, romoved from old branch and dried in the shade.

Description  : Leaf and cacumen of Murraya exotica: Young branches cylindrical, 1-5mm in diameter, surface greyish brown, longitudinal wrinkled. Texture hard, uneasily broken, fructure uneven, leaves pinnatly compound, leaflets 3 - 9 mostly fallen off, obovate or nearly rhombic, the widest part above the middle, 3cm long, 1.5cm wide, apex obtuse, acute or sunkened, base nearly oblique, margins entire, yellowish green, texture leathery. The upper surface bearing transparent gland cells, leaflets short petioled or nearly sessile, the lower part sometimes pubescent, odor aromatic, taste bitter, pungent and numb.Leaf and cacumen of Merraya paniculata: leaflets ovate or elliptical, the widest part under the middle, 2 - 8cm long, 1 - 3cm wide, acuminate or short acute.

Identification  : 1.Transverse section: Upper and lower epidermis 1 row of cells respectively, rectangular, bearing unicellular non-glandular hairs, 30 - 70 - (100) µm long, 9 - 15µm in diameter, mesophyll tissue bifacial, palisade tissue of 2 - 3 rows of cells not passing through the midrib. Vascular bundle of midrib bicollateral, lignified fibres occurring above and under the vascular bunale, mesophyll tissue containing numerous clusters of calcium oxalate, 9 - 25µm in diameter, sometimes prisms visible, oil cavities numerous, rounded, 80 - 120µm in diameter containing yellow oil droplets.2.To 2g of coarse powder add 20ml of 20ml of ethanol, heat under reflux on a water bath for 30 minutes and filter. Evaporate 5ml of the filtrate to dryness and dissolve the residue in 2ml of ethyl acetate. Transfer to a test tube, add 2 - 3 drops of each of freshly prepared 7% solutionof hydroxylamine hydrochloride in methanol and a 10% solution of potassium hydroxide in methanol, mix well, heat gently, cool, adjust the pH value to 3 - 4 with diluted hydrochloric acid. Add 1% solution of ferric chloride in ethanol, a purple red color is produced.

Processing  :

Action  : To promote the flow of qi, relieve pain, to resolve blood stasis.

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 6 to 12 g; to collect fresh leaves and pound it to paste for external application.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

Synonymns for Murraya exotica

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Murraya exotica

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Murraya exotica in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Yan-Hang Wang, Hai-Ning Lv, Qing-Hua Cui, Peng-Fei Tu, Yong Jiang, Ke-Wu Zeng
Isosibiricin inhibits microglial activation by targeting the dopamine D1/D2 receptor-dependent NLRP3/caspase-1 inflammasome pathway.
Acta Pharmacol. Sin.: 2020, 41(2);173-180
[PubMed:31506572] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Xianhua Huang, Zhixi Chen, Weimei Shi, Rui Zhang, Linfu Li, Hai Liu, Longhuo Wu
TMF inhibits miR-29a/Wnt/β-catenin signaling through upregulating Foxo3a activity in osteoarthritis chondrocytes.
Drug Des Devel Ther: 2019, 13;2009-2019
[PubMed:31354246] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Tai-Ran Zhang, Chuan-Xi Wang, Feng-Qin Dong, Zhi-Yue Gao, Chao-Jie Zhang, Xian-Juan Zhang, Li-Min Fu, Yuan Wang, Jian-Ping Zhang
Uptake and Translocation of Styrene Maleic Anhydride Nanoparticles in Murraya exotica Plants As Revealed by Noninvasive, Real-Time Optical Bioimaging.
Environ. Sci. Technol.: 2019, 53(3);1471-1481
[PubMed:30605315] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Patrícia A de C Felisberto, Eduardo A Girardi, Leandro Peña, Guilherme Felisberto, George Ac Beattie, Silvio A Lopes
Unsuitability of indigenous South American Rutaceae as potential hosts of Diaphorina citri.
Pest Manag. Sci.: 2019, 75(7);1911-1920
[PubMed:30565375] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Rongwei Yan, Jie Shen, Xiaojing Liu, Yong Zou, Xinjun Xu
Preparative isolation and purification of hainanmurpanin, meranzin, and phebalosin from leaves of Murraya exotica L. using supercritical fluid extraction combined with consecutive high-speed countercurrent chromatography.
J Sep Sci: 2018, 41(9);2092-2101
[PubMed:29385309] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects