Morus alba

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Tcm87.jpg
Tcm213.jpg
Tcm p52 003c.jpg
Tcm67.jpg

Contents

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Morus alba

Morus alba in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Shengsangpi ÉúɣƤ Zhisangpi ÖËɣƤ Chinese Name (pinyin): Sangbaipi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Mulberry Bark

Specific Name  : Cortex mori

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The root is collected in late autumn while the leaves are falling off and in early spring before germination, removed from the yellowish brown cork, cut longitudinally. The root bark is stripped off and dried in the sun.

Description  : Quilled, channeled or flat piece, varying in length and width, 1-4mm thick. Outer surface white or pale yellowish white, relatively even, some with orange yellow remains of scaly barks, inner surface yellowish white or greyish yellow with fine longitudinal striations. Texture light and tenacious, strongly fibrous, uneasily broken but easily stripped longitudinally and dusting on stripping. Odour slight, taste slightly sweet.

Identification  : Transverse section: Phloem rays 2-6 cells wide, laticiferous tubes scattered, fibres scattered singly or in bundles, unlignified or slightly lignified, parenchymatous cells containing starch granules, some containing prisms of calcium oxalate. The groups of sclerenchymatous cells mixed with stone cells, scatter in older root bark most lumina containing prisms.Powder: Pale greyish yellow, fibres numerous, most broken, 13-26µm in diameter, walls thickened, unlignified to slightly lignified, pit canals indistinct. Prism of calcium oxalate 11-32µm in diameter. Stone cells subrounded, subsquare or irregular, 22-52µm in diameter, walls relatively thick, with distinct pits and pit-canals, lumina containing prisms. Sclerenchymatous cells containing crystals, pits indistinct. Starch granules numerous, subrounded, 4-16µm in diameter.

Processing  : Wash clean soften briefly, cut into slivers and dry.Processed with honey: stir fry the slivers of Cortex Mori as describe under the method of stir frying with honey (Appendix ll D) until it is no more sticky to fingers.

Action  : To remove heat from the lung, to relieve asthma, and to induce diuresis.

Indication  : cough and asthma caused by heat in the lung; anasarca with oliguria

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 6 to 12 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moisture and moth.

Tcm253.jpg
Tcm87.jpg
Tcm213.jpg
Tcm p52 003c.jpg
Tcm67.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Morus alba

Morus alba in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Dongsangye ¶¬É£Ò¶ Shuangsangye ˪ɣҶ Chinese Name (pinyin): Sangye

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Mulberry Leaf

Specific Name  : Folium mori

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected at the early frost season, removed from foreign matter and dried in the sun.

Description  : Mostly crumpled and broken. When whole, petioled ovate or broadly ovate, 8 - 15cm long, 7 - 13cm wide, apex acuminate, base truncate, round or cordate, margins dentaate or obtuse dentate, some irregularly partite. Upper surface yellowish green or pale yellowish brown, some with small warty protrudings, lower surface relatively light in color, veins prominent, lateral veins reticulated, sparsely pubescent on the veins, cluster of hairs occurring at the base, texture fragile, odor slight, taste weak, slightly bitter and astringent.

Identification  : Powder: Yellowish green or yellowish brown. The upper epidermis havine large crystal cells containing cystolith, 47 - 77µm in diameter, stomata anomocytic in lower epidermis, with 4 - 6 subsidiary cells. Non-glandular hairs unicellular, 50 - 230µm long, cluster of calcium oxalate 5 - 16µm in diameter, prisms ocassionally visible

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, rub to break, removed the petioles and sift off the dust.

Action  : To dispel wind-heat and to remove heat from the lung, to subdue hyperactivity of the liver and improve eyesight.

Indication  : upper respiratory tract infection, heat in the lung with dry cough; dizziness, headache, inflammation of the eye, blurred vision

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

Tcm253.jpg
Tcm87.jpg
Tcm213.jpg
Tcm p52 003c.jpg
Tcm67.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Morus alba

Morus alba in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Heisangshen ºÚÉ£é© Sangshengao ɣ驸à Chinese Name (pinyin): Sangshenzi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Mulberry

Specific Name  : Fructus Mori

Scientific Name:
Collection  :

Description  :

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  :

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 10-15g for decocted/15-30g for soft extract

Storage  :

Tcm253.jpg
Tcm87.jpg
Tcm213.jpg
Tcm p52 003c.jpg
Tcm67.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Morus alba

Morus alba in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Sangshen

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Mulberry Fruit

Specific Name  : Fructus mori

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in April to June when the fruit turns red, dried in the sun or dried after steaming briefly.

Description  : Collective fruit, aggregated by many small achenes, fruit spike oblong, 1 - 2cm long, 5 - 8mm in diameter. Yellowish brown, brownish red to dark purple with a short fruit stalk. Achene ovoid, slightly flattened about 2mm long and 1mm wide with fleshy perianth segments. Odor slight, taste slightly sour and sweet.Extractives: Carry out the hot extractive method as described under the determination of ethanol soluble extractive (Appendix X A) using 85% ethanol as the solvent not less than 15.0%.

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  : To nourish yin and blood, and promote the production of body fluid.

Indication  : vertigo and tinnitus, palpitation and insomnia, premature greying of hair and beard; thirst due to impairment of body fluid; diabetes caused by internal heat; constipation due to deficiency of blood

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

Tcm253.jpg
Tcm87.jpg
Tcm213.jpg
Tcm p52 003c.jpg
Tcm67.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Morus alba

Morus alba in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Nensangzhi ÄÛÉ£Ö¦ Chinese Name (pinyin): Sangzhi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Mulberry Twig

Specific Name  : Ramulus Mori

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected at the end of spring and the beginning of summer, removed from leaf and dried in the sun or cut into slices while fresh and dried in the sun.

Description  : Long cylindrical, branched occasionally, varying in length, 0.5 - 1.5 cm in diameter. Externally greyish yellow or yellowish brown with numerous brown dotted lenticels and fine longitudinal striations and with greyish white slightly semiorbicular leaf scars and yellowish brown axillary buds. Texture hard and tenacious, uneasily broken, fracture fibrous. Slices 0.2 - 0.5 thick, bark slightly thin, wood yellowish white, medullary rays radiate, pith white or yellowish white, odor slight and taste weak.

Identification  : Powder: Pale greyish yellow, fibres numerous, scattered singly or in bundles, pale yellow or colorless, slightly sinuous, 10 - 30 µm in diameter, walls thickened, 5 - 15 µm, pit canals indistinct, lumina small. Stone cells pale yellow, subrounded or subsquare, 15 - 40 µm in diameter, walls thickened. 5 - 20 µm, lumina small. Sclerenchymatous cells grouped or scattered singly, similar to the stone cell in shape and size, lumina containing 1 - 2 prisms of calcium oxalate, square, rhombic, polyhedral or bicone like 5 - 20 µm in diameter.Extractives: Carry out the hot extraction method as described under the determination of ethanol soluble extractives (Appendix X A), using ethanol as the solvent not less than 3.0%.

Processing  : Wash the whole ones clean and soften thoroughly, cut into thick slices and dry in the sun.Ramulus Mori (stir fried) Stir fry the slices as described under the method for simple stir frying (Appendix ll D) to a yellowish color.

Action  :

Indication  : aching and numbness of joints, particularly of the shoulders and arms

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 15-30g

Storage  :

Tcm253.jpg
Tcm87.jpg
Tcm213.jpg
Tcm p52 003c.jpg
Tcm67.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Morus alba

Morus alba in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Shengsangpi ÉúɣƤ Zhisangpi ÖËɣƤ Chinese Name (pinyin): Sangbaipi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Mulberry Bark

Specific Name  : Cortex mori

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The root is collected in late autumn while the leaves are falling off and in early spring before germination, removed from the yellowish brown cork, cut longitudinally. The root bark is stripped off and dried in the sun.

Description  : Quilled, channeled or flat piece, varying in length and width, 1-4mm thick. Outer surface white or pale yellowish white, relatively even, some with orange yellow remains of scaly barks, inner surface yellowish white or greyish yellow with fine longitudinal striations. Texture light and tenacious, strongly fibrous, uneasily broken but easily stripped longitudinally and dusting on stripping. Odour slight, taste slightly sweet.

Identification  : Transverse section: Phloem rays 2-6 cells wide, laticiferous tubes scattered, fibres scattered singly or in bundles, unlignified or slightly lignified, parenchymatous cells containing starch granules, some containing prisms of calcium oxalate. The groups of sclerenchymatous cells mixed with stone cells, scatter in older root bark most lumina containing prisms.Powder: Pale greyish yellow, fibres numerous, most broken, 13-26µm in diameter, walls thickened, unlignified to slightly lignified, pit canals indistinct. Prism of calcium oxalate 11-32µm in diameter. Stone cells subrounded, subsquare or irregular, 22-52µm in diameter, walls relatively thick, with distinct pits and pit-canals, lumina containing prisms. Sclerenchymatous cells containing crystals, pits indistinct. Starch granules numerous, subrounded, 4-16µm in diameter.

Processing  : Wash clean soften briefly, cut into slivers and dry.Processed with honey: stir fry the slivers of Cortex Mori as describe under the method of stir frying with honey (Appendix ll D) until it is no more sticky to fingers.

Action  : To remove heat from the lung, to relieve asthma, and to induce diuresis.

Indication  : cough and asthma caused by heat in the lung; anasarca with oliguria

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 6 to 12 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moisture and moth.

Tcm253.jpg
Tcm87.jpg
Tcm213.jpg
Tcm p52 003c.jpg
Tcm67.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Morus alba

Morus alba in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Dongsangye ¶¬É£Ò¶ Shuangsangye ˪ɣҶ Chinese Name (pinyin): Sangye

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Mulberry Leaf

Specific Name  : Folium mori

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected at the early frost season, removed from foreign matter and dried in the sun.

Description  : Mostly crumpled and broken. When whole, petioled ovate or broadly ovate, 8 - 15cm long, 7 - 13cm wide, apex acuminate, base truncate, round or cordate, margins dentaate or obtuse dentate, some irregularly partite. Upper surface yellowish green or pale yellowish brown, some with small warty protrudings, lower surface relatively light in color, veins prominent, lateral veins reticulated, sparsely pubescent on the veins, cluster of hairs occurring at the base, texture fragile, odor slight, taste weak, slightly bitter and astringent.

Identification  : Powder: Yellowish green or yellowish brown. The upper epidermis havine large crystal cells containing cystolith, 47 - 77µm in diameter, stomata anomocytic in lower epidermis, with 4 - 6 subsidiary cells. Non-glandular hairs unicellular, 50 - 230µm long, cluster of calcium oxalate 5 - 16µm in diameter, prisms ocassionally visible

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, rub to break, removed the petioles and sift off the dust.

Action  : To dispel wind-heat and to remove heat from the lung, to subdue hyperactivity of the liver and improve eyesight.

Indication  : upper respiratory tract infection, heat in the lung with dry cough; dizziness, headache, inflammation of the eye, blurred vision

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

Tcm253.jpg
Tcm87.jpg
Tcm213.jpg
Tcm p52 003c.jpg
Tcm67.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Morus alba

Morus alba in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Heisangshen ºÚÉ£é© Sangshengao ɣ驸à Chinese Name (pinyin): Sangshenzi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Mulberry

Specific Name  : Fructus Mori

Scientific Name:
Collection  :

Description  :

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  :

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 10-15g for decocted/15-30g for soft extract

Storage  :

Tcm253.jpg
Tcm87.jpg
Tcm213.jpg
Tcm p52 003c.jpg
Tcm67.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Morus alba

Morus alba in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Sangshen

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Mulberry Fruit

Specific Name  : Fructus mori

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in April to June when the fruit turns red, dried in the sun or dried after steaming briefly.

Description  : Collective fruit, aggregated by many small achenes, fruit spike oblong, 1 - 2cm long, 5 - 8mm in diameter. Yellowish brown, brownish red to dark purple with a short fruit stalk. Achene ovoid, slightly flattened about 2mm long and 1mm wide with fleshy perianth segments. Odor slight, taste slightly sour and sweet.Extractives: Carry out the hot extractive method as described under the determination of ethanol soluble extractive (Appendix X A) using 85% ethanol as the solvent not less than 15.0%.

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  : To nourish yin and blood, and promote the production of body fluid.

Indication  : vertigo and tinnitus, palpitation and insomnia, premature greying of hair and beard; thirst due to impairment of body fluid; diabetes caused by internal heat; constipation due to deficiency of blood

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

Tcm253.jpg
Tcm87.jpg
Tcm213.jpg
Tcm p52 003c.jpg
Tcm67.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Morus alba

Morus alba in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Nensangzhi ÄÛÉ£Ö¦ Chinese Name (pinyin): Sangzhi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Mulberry Twig

Specific Name  : Ramulus Mori

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected at the end of spring and the beginning of summer, removed from leaf and dried in the sun or cut into slices while fresh and dried in the sun.

Description  : Long cylindrical, branched occasionally, varying in length, 0.5 - 1.5 cm in diameter. Externally greyish yellow or yellowish brown with numerous brown dotted lenticels and fine longitudinal striations and with greyish white slightly semiorbicular leaf scars and yellowish brown axillary buds. Texture hard and tenacious, uneasily broken, fracture fibrous. Slices 0.2 - 0.5 thick, bark slightly thin, wood yellowish white, medullary rays radiate, pith white or yellowish white, odor slight and taste weak.

Identification  : Powder: Pale greyish yellow, fibres numerous, scattered singly or in bundles, pale yellow or colorless, slightly sinuous, 10 - 30 µm in diameter, walls thickened, 5 - 15 µm, pit canals indistinct, lumina small. Stone cells pale yellow, subrounded or subsquare, 15 - 40 µm in diameter, walls thickened. 5 - 20 µm, lumina small. Sclerenchymatous cells grouped or scattered singly, similar to the stone cell in shape and size, lumina containing 1 - 2 prisms of calcium oxalate, square, rhombic, polyhedral or bicone like 5 - 20 µm in diameter.Extractives: Carry out the hot extraction method as described under the determination of ethanol soluble extractives (Appendix X A), using ethanol as the solvent not less than 3.0%.

Processing  : Wash the whole ones clean and soften thoroughly, cut into thick slices and dry in the sun.Ramulus Mori (stir fried) Stir fry the slices as described under the method for simple stir frying (Appendix ll D) to a yellowish color.

Action  :

Indication  : aching and numbness of joints, particularly of the shoulders and arms

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 15-30g

Storage  :

Synonymns for Morus alba

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Morus alba

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Morus alba in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Lei Gao, Cong Su, Xiaoxia Du, Ruishan Wang, Shuming Chen, Yu Zhou, Chengwei Liu, Xiaojing Liu, Runze Tian, Liyun Zhang, Kebo Xie, She Chen, Qianqian Guo, Lanping Guo, Yoshio Hano, Manabu Shimazaki, Atsushi Minami, Hideaki Oikawa, Niu Huang, K N Houk, Luqi Huang, Jungui Dai, Xiaoguang Lei
FAD-dependent enzyme-catalysed intermolecular [4+2] cycloaddition in natural product biosynthesis.
Nat Chem: 2020;
[PubMed:32451436] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Feng Jiao, Rongsong Luo, Xuelei Dai, Hui Liu, Gang Yu, Shuhua Han, Xin Lu, Chao Su, Qi Chen, Qinxia Song, Caiting Meng, Fanghong Li, Hongmei Sun, Rui Zhang, Tian Hui, Yonghua Qian, Aichun Zhao, Yu Jiang
Chromosome-level reference genome and population genomic analysis provide insight into the evolution and improvement of domesticated mulberry (Morus alba L).
Mol Plant: 2020;
[PubMed:32422187] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Ruixue Li, Fei Hu, Bing Li, Yuping Zhang, Ming Chen, Tao Fan, Taichu Wang
Whole genome bisulfite sequencing methylome analysis of mulberry (Morus alba) reveals epigenome modifications in response to drought stress.
Sci Rep: 2020, 10(1);8013
[PubMed:32415195] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Agnieszka Tajner-Czopek, Mateusz Gertchen, Elżbieta Rytel, Agnieszka Kita, Alicja Z Kucharska, Anna Sokół-Łętowska
Study of Antioxidant Activity of some Medicinal Plants Having High Content of Caffeic Acid Derivatives.
Antioxidants (Basel): 2020, 9(5);
[PubMed:32408518] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

W Khan, N N Nisa, A R Khan, B Rahbar, S A Mehmood, S Ahmed, M Kamal, M Shah, A Rasool, W A Pahanwar, I Ullah, S Khan
Roosting ecology and morphometric analysis of Pteropus medius (Indian flying fox) in Lower Dir, district, Pakistan.
Braz J Biol: 2020;
[PubMed:32401851] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects