Morinda officinalis

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P96 2.jpg
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Other Names:

Historical Use of Morinda officinalis

Morinda officinalis in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Baji °Íêª Bajirou °ÍêªÈâ Chinese Name (pinyin): Bajitian

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Morinda Root

Specific Name  : Radix morindae officinalis

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected all year round, remove from rootlet, dried in the sun partially, beaten gently to be compressed and then dried in the sun.

Description  : Compressed cylindrical, somewhat curved, varying in length, 0.5 - 2 cm in diameter. Externally greyish yellow or dark grey with longitudinal wrinkles and transverse cracks, some bark transversely broken and separated from wood. Texture tough, fracture bark thick, purple or purplish, easily separated from wood. Wood hard, yellowish brown or yellowish white. 1 - 5 mm in diameter. Odourless, taste sweetish and slightly astringent.

Identification  : Transverse section. Cork of several rows of cells. Stone cells single or several in groups in the outer part of cortex, Interruptedly arranged in a ring. Parenchymatous cells containing raphides of calcium oxalate, arranged tangentially. Phloem broad, parenchymatous cells in the inner part containing raphides of calcium oxalate, arranged axially. Cambium distinct. Vessels in xylem single or 2-3 group, arranged radially up to 105 µm in diameter, xylem fibres developed. Xylem rays 1 - 3 rows of cells wide. Non-lignified wood parenchymatous cells found occasionally.Powder: Purplish or purplish brown. Stone cells yellowish, subrounded, subsquare, subrectangular, elongated or irregular shaped. Some of them tapered at one end. 21 - 96 µm in diameter, walls up to 39 µm thick, some with distinct striations, pit and pit canals, some stone cells large and slightly thick walled. Needle crystal of calcium oxalate mostly in raphides up to 184 µm long. Bordered pitted vessels pale yellow, up to 105 µ in diameter with fine and dense bordered pits. Fibre tracheids long fusiform bordered pits relatively large, pit apertures obliquely slit shaped, V-shaped and cross-shaped.Total ash: Not more than 6.0% ( Appendix lX K)Acid insoluble ash: Not more than 0.80% (Appendix lX K).Extractives: Carry out the cold extractions method as described under the determination for water soluble extractives (Appendix X A), not less than 50.0%.

Processing  : Eliminate from foreign matter.Radix Morindae Officinalis (removed from wood): Steam as described under the method for steaming (Appendix ll D), remove the woody cores while hot, cut into sections and dry.Processed with salt: Steam as described under the method for steaming with salt water (Appendix ll D) until it steamed thoroughly, removed the woody cores while hot, cut into sections and dry.Radix Morindae Officinalis (Prepared): Break Radix Glycyrrhizae to pieces and boil with some water. Removed the residue, add clean Radix Morindae Officinalis to the decoction and mix well, boil the mixture thoroughly as described under the method for boiling (Appendix ll D). Removed the woody cores, cut into sections and dry, using 6 kg of Radix Glycyrrhizae per 100 kg of Radix Morindae Officinalis.

Action  : To reinforce the kidney yang, to strengthen the tendons and bones, and to relieve rheumatic conditions.

Indication  : impotence, seminal emission, infertility, menstrual disorders, pain and cold feeling in the lower abdomen; rheumatic arthalgia; limpness of legs

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated dry place, protected from mould and moth.

Synonymns for Morinda officinalis

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Morinda officinalis

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Morinda officinalis in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Sunny O Abarikwu, Chigozie Linda Onuah, Shio Kumar Singh
Plants in the management of male infertility.
Andrologia: 2020;e13509
[PubMed:31989693] [] [DOI] (I a)

Yang Xin, Chen Diling, Chen Tianlu, Zhao Jun, Tang Xiaocui, Guo Yinrui, Shuai Ou, Deng Tianming, Hu Guoyan
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med: 2019, 2019;9306834
[PubMed:31929824] [] [DOI] (P e)

Maoyuan Wang, Qinglong Wang, Qing Yang, Xiaoxia Yan, Shixiu Feng, Zhunian Wang
Molecules: 2019, 25(1);
[PubMed:31906109] [] [DOI] (I e)

Liandi Chi, Imran Khan, Zibei Lin, Jiwen Zhang, M Y Simon Lee, Waikit Leong, W L Wendy Hsiao, Ying Zheng
Fructo-oligosaccharides from Morinda officinalis remodeled gut microbiota and alleviated depression features in a stress rat model.
Phytomedicine: 2020, 67;153157
[PubMed:31896054] [] [DOI] (I p)

Bharat Singh, Ram A Sharma
Indian Morinda species: A review.
Phytother Res: 2019;
[PubMed:31840355] [] [DOI] (I a)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects