Melaphis paitan

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Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Melaphis paitan

Melaphis paitan in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Wubeizi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Chinese Gall

Specific Name  : Galla chinensis

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn, boiled in water for a moment or steamed until its outer surface shows grey so as to kill the aphids and then taken out. According to its form, the drug is divided into "Dubei" and "Jiaobei"

Description  : Dubei: oblong or spindle-globular, 2.5 - 9cm long, 1.5 - 4cm in diameter. Externally greysih brown, slightly pubescent. Texture hard and fragile, easily broken, fracture horny, lustrous gall walls 0.2 - 0.3cm thick, inner surface smooth and showing black-brown killed aphids and grey-powdery excreta. Odour characteristic, taste astringent.Jiaobei: Rhombic with irregular-corniform branchings and distinct pubescences, gall walls relatively thin.

Identification  : o about 0.5g of the powder add 4ml of water, heat gently and filter. To 1ml of the filtrate add 1 drop of ferric chloride TS, a bluish black precipitate is produced. To 1ml of the filtrate add 2 drops of 10% potassium atimony tartrate solution, a white precipitate is produced.Assay: Weigh accurately about 2g of the powder (through no. sieve) carry out the method for determination of tanninoids (Appendix X B). It contains not less than 50% of the tanninoids.

Processing  : Break and eliminate foreign matter.

Action  : To remove heat from the lung, to arrest cough, diarrhea, excessive sweating bleeding and exudation from sores.

Indication  : cough and expectoratin due to heat in the lung; chronic cough, chronic dysentery with diarrhea, night sweats, hematochezia, hemorrhoidal bleeding, abscess, sores, exsudative skin lesions; diabetes

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 6 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventailated and dry place, protected from pressure.

Synonymns for Melaphis paitan

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Melaphis paitan

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Melaphis paitan in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects