Lycium barbarum

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P299 1.jpg
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Contents

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Lycium barbarum

Lycium barbarum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Digupi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Wolfberry Bark

Specific Name  : Cortex lycii

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The root is collected in early spring or late autumn and wash clean, then the root bark is stripped and dried in the sun.

Description  : Quilled or channeled, 3-10cm long, 0.5-1.5 cm wide, 1-3mm thick, outer surface greyish yellow to brownish-yellow, rough with irregular longitudinal fissures, easily exfoliated. Inner surface yellowish white to greyish yellow, relatively even with fine longitudinal wrinkles. Texture light and fragile, easily broken, fracture uneven, outer layers yellowish brown and inner layers greyish white. Odour slight, taste sweetish and then bitter.

Identification  : Transverse section: cork consisting of 4-10 or more rows of cells thicker rhytidome present. Most phloem rays 1 row of cells wide, fibres slghtly scattered or 2 to several bundles. Parenchymatous cells containing sand crystals of calcium oxalate and numerous starch granules.Total Ash: Not more than 11.0%

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter and remains of wood, wash clean and dry in the sun.

Action  : To reduce heat in blood, to relieve consumptive fever, and to remove heat from the lung.

Indication  : afternoon fever and night sweat in consumptive diseases; cough, hemoptysis and epistaxis due to heat in the lung; diabetes caused by internal heat

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

Tcm48.jpg
P299 1.jpg
P155 1.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Lycium barbarum

Lycium barbarum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Gangouqi ¸ÊèÛè½ Gouqi èÛè½ Chinese Name (pinyin): Gouqizi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Wolfberry Fruit

Specific Name  : Fructus lycii

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn and summer when the fruit turns orange red. After drying in the shade to make the pericarp shrunken, the drug is exposed to strong sun light until the exocarp is dried, hard and the pulp soft, remove from fruit stalk.

Description  : Subfusiform, slightly flattened, 6 - 21mm long, 3 - 10mm in diameter. Externally scarlet or dark red, marked with protrudent style scar at the apex and a white fruit stalk scar at the base. Pericarp pliable and shrunken, sarcocarp fleshy, soft and viscous, seeds numerous, flat and subreniform. 1.5 - 1.9mm long, 1 - 1.7mm wide, pale yellow or brownish yellow on surface, odourless, taste sweet and slightly sour.Foreign matter: not more than 1%

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  : To benefit the liver and the kidney, to replenish vital essence and to improve eyesight.

Indication  : general debility with deficiency of vital essence manifested by achich of the loins and knees, dizziness and tinnitus; diabetes caused by internal heat; anemia; impaired vision

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 6 to 12 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place, protected from heat, moisture and moth.

Tcm48.jpg
P299 1.jpg
P155 1.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Lycium barbarum

Lycium barbarum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Digupi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Wolfberry Bark

Specific Name  : Cortex lycii

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The root is collected in early spring or late autumn and wash clean, then the root bark is stripped and dried in the sun.

Description  : Quilled or channeled, 3-10cm long, 0.5-1.5 cm wide, 1-3mm thick, outer surface greyish yellow to brownish-yellow, rough with irregular longitudinal fissures, easily exfoliated. Inner surface yellowish white to greyish yellow, relatively even with fine longitudinal wrinkles. Texture light and fragile, easily broken, fracture uneven, outer layers yellowish brown and inner layers greyish white. Odour slight, taste sweetish and then bitter.

Identification  : Transverse section: cork consisting of 4-10 or more rows of cells thicker rhytidome present. Most phloem rays 1 row of cells wide, fibres slghtly scattered or 2 to several bundles. Parenchymatous cells containing sand crystals of calcium oxalate and numerous starch granules.Total Ash: Not more than 11.0%

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter and remains of wood, wash clean and dry in the sun.

Action  : To reduce heat in blood, to relieve consumptive fever, and to remove heat from the lung.

Indication  : afternoon fever and night sweat in consumptive diseases; cough, hemoptysis and epistaxis due to heat in the lung; diabetes caused by internal heat

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

Tcm48.jpg
P299 1.jpg
P155 1.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Lycium barbarum

Lycium barbarum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Gangouqi ¸ÊèÛè½ Gouqi èÛè½ Chinese Name (pinyin): Gouqizi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Wolfberry Fruit

Specific Name  : Fructus lycii

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn and summer when the fruit turns orange red. After drying in the shade to make the pericarp shrunken, the drug is exposed to strong sun light until the exocarp is dried, hard and the pulp soft, remove from fruit stalk.

Description  : Subfusiform, slightly flattened, 6 - 21mm long, 3 - 10mm in diameter. Externally scarlet or dark red, marked with protrudent style scar at the apex and a white fruit stalk scar at the base. Pericarp pliable and shrunken, sarcocarp fleshy, soft and viscous, seeds numerous, flat and subreniform. 1.5 - 1.9mm long, 1 - 1.7mm wide, pale yellow or brownish yellow on surface, odourless, taste sweet and slightly sour.Foreign matter: not more than 1%

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  : To benefit the liver and the kidney, to replenish vital essence and to improve eyesight.

Indication  : general debility with deficiency of vital essence manifested by achich of the loins and knees, dizziness and tinnitus; diabetes caused by internal heat; anemia; impaired vision

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 6 to 12 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place, protected from heat, moisture and moth.

Tcm48.jpg
P299 1.jpg
P155 1.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Lycium barbarum

Lycium barbarum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Digupi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Wolfberry Bark

Specific Name  : Cortex lycii

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The root is collected in early spring or late autumn and wash clean, then the root bark is stripped and dried in the sun.

Description  : Quilled or channeled, 3-10cm long, 0.5-1.5 cm wide, 1-3mm thick, outer surface greyish yellow to brownish-yellow, rough with irregular longitudinal fissures, easily exfoliated. Inner surface yellowish white to greyish yellow, relatively even with fine longitudinal wrinkles. Texture light and fragile, easily broken, fracture uneven, outer layers yellowish brown and inner layers greyish white. Odour slight, taste sweetish and then bitter.

Identification  : Transverse section: cork consisting of 4-10 or more rows of cells thicker rhytidome present. Most phloem rays 1 row of cells wide, fibres slghtly scattered or 2 to several bundles. Parenchymatous cells containing sand crystals of calcium oxalate and numerous starch granules.Total Ash: Not more than 11.0%

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter and remains of wood, wash clean and dry in the sun.

Action  : To reduce heat in blood, to relieve consumptive fever, and to remove heat from the lung.

Indication  : afternoon fever and night sweat in consumptive diseases; cough, hemoptysis and epistaxis due to heat in the lung; diabetes caused by internal heat

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

Tcm48.jpg
P299 1.jpg
P155 1.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Lycium barbarum

Lycium barbarum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Gangouqi ¸ÊèÛè½ Gouqi èÛè½ Chinese Name (pinyin): Gouqizi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Wolfberry Fruit

Specific Name  : Fructus lycii

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn and summer when the fruit turns orange red. After drying in the shade to make the pericarp shrunken, the drug is exposed to strong sun light until the exocarp is dried, hard and the pulp soft, remove from fruit stalk.

Description  : Subfusiform, slightly flattened, 6 - 21mm long, 3 - 10mm in diameter. Externally scarlet or dark red, marked with protrudent style scar at the apex and a white fruit stalk scar at the base. Pericarp pliable and shrunken, sarcocarp fleshy, soft and viscous, seeds numerous, flat and subreniform. 1.5 - 1.9mm long, 1 - 1.7mm wide, pale yellow or brownish yellow on surface, odourless, taste sweet and slightly sour.Foreign matter: not more than 1%

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  : To benefit the liver and the kidney, to replenish vital essence and to improve eyesight.

Indication  : general debility with deficiency of vital essence manifested by achich of the loins and knees, dizziness and tinnitus; diabetes caused by internal heat; anemia; impaired vision

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 6 to 12 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place, protected from heat, moisture and moth.

Tcm48.jpg
P299 1.jpg
P155 1.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Lycium barbarum

Lycium barbarum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Digupi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Wolfberry Bark

Specific Name  : Cortex lycii

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The root is collected in early spring or late autumn and wash clean, then the root bark is stripped and dried in the sun.

Description  : Quilled or channeled, 3-10cm long, 0.5-1.5 cm wide, 1-3mm thick, outer surface greyish yellow to brownish-yellow, rough with irregular longitudinal fissures, easily exfoliated. Inner surface yellowish white to greyish yellow, relatively even with fine longitudinal wrinkles. Texture light and fragile, easily broken, fracture uneven, outer layers yellowish brown and inner layers greyish white. Odour slight, taste sweetish and then bitter.

Identification  : Transverse section: cork consisting of 4-10 or more rows of cells thicker rhytidome present. Most phloem rays 1 row of cells wide, fibres slghtly scattered or 2 to several bundles. Parenchymatous cells containing sand crystals of calcium oxalate and numerous starch granules.Total Ash: Not more than 11.0%

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter and remains of wood, wash clean and dry in the sun.

Action  : To reduce heat in blood, to relieve consumptive fever, and to remove heat from the lung.

Indication  : afternoon fever and night sweat in consumptive diseases; cough, hemoptysis and epistaxis due to heat in the lung; diabetes caused by internal heat

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

Tcm48.jpg
P299 1.jpg
P155 1.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Lycium barbarum

Lycium barbarum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Gangouqi ¸ÊèÛè½ Gouqi èÛè½ Chinese Name (pinyin): Gouqizi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Wolfberry Fruit

Specific Name  : Fructus lycii

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn and summer when the fruit turns orange red. After drying in the shade to make the pericarp shrunken, the drug is exposed to strong sun light until the exocarp is dried, hard and the pulp soft, remove from fruit stalk.

Description  : Subfusiform, slightly flattened, 6 - 21mm long, 3 - 10mm in diameter. Externally scarlet or dark red, marked with protrudent style scar at the apex and a white fruit stalk scar at the base. Pericarp pliable and shrunken, sarcocarp fleshy, soft and viscous, seeds numerous, flat and subreniform. 1.5 - 1.9mm long, 1 - 1.7mm wide, pale yellow or brownish yellow on surface, odourless, taste sweet and slightly sour.Foreign matter: not more than 1%

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  : To benefit the liver and the kidney, to replenish vital essence and to improve eyesight.

Indication  : general debility with deficiency of vital essence manifested by achich of the loins and knees, dizziness and tinnitus; diabetes caused by internal heat; anemia; impaired vision

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 6 to 12 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place, protected from heat, moisture and moth.

Tcm48.jpg
P299 1.jpg
P155 1.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Lycium barbarum

Lycium barbarum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Digupi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Wolfberry Bark

Specific Name  : Cortex lycii

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The root is collected in early spring or late autumn and wash clean, then the root bark is stripped and dried in the sun.

Description  : Quilled or channeled, 3-10cm long, 0.5-1.5 cm wide, 1-3mm thick, outer surface greyish yellow to brownish-yellow, rough with irregular longitudinal fissures, easily exfoliated. Inner surface yellowish white to greyish yellow, relatively even with fine longitudinal wrinkles. Texture light and fragile, easily broken, fracture uneven, outer layers yellowish brown and inner layers greyish white. Odour slight, taste sweetish and then bitter.

Identification  : Transverse section: cork consisting of 4-10 or more rows of cells thicker rhytidome present. Most phloem rays 1 row of cells wide, fibres slghtly scattered or 2 to several bundles. Parenchymatous cells containing sand crystals of calcium oxalate and numerous starch granules.Total Ash: Not more than 11.0%

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter and remains of wood, wash clean and dry in the sun.

Action  : To reduce heat in blood, to relieve consumptive fever, and to remove heat from the lung.

Indication  : afternoon fever and night sweat in consumptive diseases; cough, hemoptysis and epistaxis due to heat in the lung; diabetes caused by internal heat

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

Tcm48.jpg
P299 1.jpg
P155 1.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Lycium barbarum

Lycium barbarum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Gangouqi ¸ÊèÛè½ Gouqi èÛè½ Chinese Name (pinyin): Gouqizi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Wolfberry Fruit

Specific Name  : Fructus lycii

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn and summer when the fruit turns orange red. After drying in the shade to make the pericarp shrunken, the drug is exposed to strong sun light until the exocarp is dried, hard and the pulp soft, remove from fruit stalk.

Description  : Subfusiform, slightly flattened, 6 - 21mm long, 3 - 10mm in diameter. Externally scarlet or dark red, marked with protrudent style scar at the apex and a white fruit stalk scar at the base. Pericarp pliable and shrunken, sarcocarp fleshy, soft and viscous, seeds numerous, flat and subreniform. 1.5 - 1.9mm long, 1 - 1.7mm wide, pale yellow or brownish yellow on surface, odourless, taste sweet and slightly sour.Foreign matter: not more than 1%

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  : To benefit the liver and the kidney, to replenish vital essence and to improve eyesight.

Indication  : general debility with deficiency of vital essence manifested by achich of the loins and knees, dizziness and tinnitus; diabetes caused by internal heat; anemia; impaired vision

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 6 to 12 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place, protected from heat, moisture and moth.

Synonymns for Lycium barbarum

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Lycium barbarum

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Lycium barbarum in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

I M Chernukha, E A Kotenkova, E R Vasilevskaya, A N Ivankin, A B Lisitsyn, L V Fedulova
[The study of biological effects of different geographical origin goji berries in rats with alimentary hypercholesterolemia].
Vopr Pitan: 2020, 89(1);37-45
[PubMed:32083823] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Pei-Feng Zhu, Yun-Li Zhao, Zi Dai, Xu-Jie Qin, Hai-Lian Yuan, Qiong Jin, Yifen Wang, Ya-Ping Liu, Xiao-Dong Luo
Phenolic Amides with Immunomodulatory Activity from the Nonpolysaccharide Fraction of Lycium barbarum Fruits.
J. Agric. Food Chem.: 2020;
[PubMed:32059104] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Qiang Yang, Chengliang Luo, Xinmu Zhang, Yuancai Liu, Zufeng Wang, Piergiacomo Cacciamani, Jiao Shi, Yongchun Cui, Chunling Wang, Bharati Sinha, Bin Peng, Guoqiang Tong, Gapika Das, Elisha Shah, Yuan Gao, Wei Li, Yanyang Tu, Dongyang Qian, Khalid Shah, Mohammed Akbar, Shuanhu Zhou, Byoung-Joon Song, Xin Wang
Tartary buckwheat extract alleviates alcohol-induced acute and chronic liver injuries through the inhibition of oxidative stress and mitochondrial cell death pathway.
Am J Transl Res: 2020, 12(1);70-89
[PubMed:32051738] [WorldCat.org] (P e)

Meilun Shen, Kang Liu, Yefei Liang, Guangxin Liu, Jie Sang, Cuiqin Li
Extraction optimization and purification of anthocyanins from Lycium ruthenicum Murr. and evaluation of tyrosinase inhibitory activity of the anthocyanins.
J. Food Sci.: 2020;
[PubMed:32043592] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

L N Long, B J Kang, Q Jiang, J S Chen
Effects of dietary Lycium barbarum polysaccharides on growth performance, digestive enzyme activities, antioxidant status, and immunity of broiler chickens.
Poult. Sci.: 2020, 99(2);744-751
[PubMed:32029159] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects