Litchi chinensis

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Litchi chinensis

Litchi chinensis in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Lizhihe

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Litchi Seed

Specific Name  : Semen Litchi

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The fruit is collected in summer when ripe and the seed is removed from foreign pericarp and fleshy aril, wash, clean and dried in the sun.

Description  : Prolate-rounded or ovoid, slightly flattened, 1.5 - 2.2 cm long, 1 - 1.5cm in diameter. Externally brownish red or purplish brown, smooth, lustrous with slightly dents and fine wrinkles, bearing a sub-rounded, yellowish brown raphe at one end, about 7mm in diameter. Texture hard, cotyledons 2, brownish yellow, slight odor, taste slightly sweet, bitter and astringent.

Identification  : Powder: brownish yellow, parquetry layer cells yellowish brown, stripe shape with several cells forming a group in irregular parquet. Stellate cells brownish presenting irregular stellate, truncate or relatively obtuse rounded at the apex of branch, intercellular space wide, walls thin. Stone cells occurring in groups of scattering in singles, subrounded, subsquare, subpolyangular, rectangle or oval, most protruding or branched. Cotyledon cells subrounded or subpolyangular, filled with starch granules, brown oil cells visible.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matters, wash, clean and dry. Break to pieces before use.Processed with salt: stir fry as described under the method for processing with salt (Appendix ll D) to dry.

Action  : To promote the flow of qi and the subsidence of induration, and to dispel cold and relieve pain.

Indication  : hernial pain of cold type, swelling and pain of testis

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place, protected from moth.

Synonymns for Litchi chinensis

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Litchi chinensis

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Litchi chinensis in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

N Lourith, M Kanlayavattanakul
Formulation and clinical evaluation of the standardized Litchi chinensis extract for skin hyperpigmentation and aging treatments.
Ann Pharm Fr: 2020;
[PubMed:32089252] [] [DOI] (I a)

Mohaddeseh Abouhosseini Tabari, Arash Rostami, Aref Khodashenas, Filippo Maggi, Riccardo Petrelli, Cristiano Giordani, Léon Azefack Tapondjou, Fabrizio Papa, Yanting Zuo, Kevin Cianfaglione, Mohammad Reza Youssefi
Acaricidal activity, mode of action, and persistent efficacy of selected essential oils on the poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae).
Food Chem. Toxicol.: 2020, 138;111207
[PubMed:32074492] [] [DOI] (I a)

Yi Wang, Shae He, Yongzan Wei, Chen Dong, Liqin Liu, Dengwei Jue, Shengyou Shi, Weicai Li
Molecular and functional characterization of two DELLA protein-coding genes in litchi.
Gene: 2020;144455
[PubMed:32061763] [] [DOI] (I a)

Le Zhang, Zhenhua Yan, Xiang Chen, Meng Yu, Fangming Liu, Fangyi Cheng, Jun Chen
Chem. Commun. (Camb.): 2020;
[PubMed:32022002] [] [DOI] (I a)

Rebogile R Mphahlele, Oluwafemi J Caleb, Mduduzi E K Ngcobo
Effects of packaging and duration on quality of minimally processed and unpitted litchi cv. 'Mauritius' under low storage temperature.
Heliyon: 2020, 6(1);e03229
[PubMed:32021928] [] [DOI] (P e)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects