Liriope spicata

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Liriope spicata var. prolifera

Liriope spicata var. prolifera in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Shanmaidong

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Liriope Root

Specific Name  : Radix liriopes

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in early summer, washed clean, exposed to strong sun light repeatedly and piled up for almost drying then removed from fibrous root and dried.

Description  : Root of Liriope spicata: Fusiform, the two ends tapering, 1.2 - 3 cm long, 0.4 - 0.7 cm in diameter. Externally pale yellow to brownish yellow with irregular longitudinal wrinkles. Texture flexible but hard and fragile after drying, fracture pale yellow to brownish yellow, horny stele small. Odour slight, taste sweet, sticky on chewing.

Identification  : 1.Transverse section: Root of Liriope muscari Epidermis consisting of 1 layer of cells. Cortex broad, parenchymatous cells containing raphides of calcium oxalate, 27 - 60 µm long, endodermal cells with thickened and lignified walls, passage cells found. 1 - 2 layered stone cells lying at the outside of endodermis with thickened inner and lateral walls, finely and densely pitted. Stele fairly small, phloem bundles 7 - 15, each located between 2 xylem arms respectively, the lignified cells in the inner side of xylem bundles linking up to a ring. Pith small. Parenchymatous cells subrounded.Root of Liriope muscari: Velamen of 3 - 6 layers of lignified cells, raphides 25 - 46 µm long. The outside of endodermis showing 1 layer of stone cells. Phloem bundles 16 - 20.2. View to thin place under the ultra violet light (365 nm), a fluorescence with light blue color appears.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash clean and dry.

Action  : To nourish yin and promote production of body fluid, moisten lung, cool and refresh the heart.

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place, protected from moisture.

Synonymns for Liriope spicata var. prolifera

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Liriope spicata var. prolifera

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Liriope spicata var. prolifera in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Fei-Leng Chen, Zheng-Fang Hu, Jin Qi
[Evaluation of scavenging activity of hydrogen peroxide in different origins of Liropes Radix by HPLC-UV-CL system].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi: 2019, 44(5);990-995
[PubMed:30989860] [] [DOI] (P p)

Jiacheng Fang, Xiaoxiao Wang, Mengxin Lu, Xirui He, Xinhua Yang
Recent advances in polysaccharides from Ophiopogon japonicus and Liriope spicata var. prolifera.
Int. J. Biol. Macromol.: 2018, 114;1257-1266
[PubMed:29634971] [] [DOI] (I p)

Jin Qi, Zheng-fang Hu, Yi-feng Zhou, Yuan-jia Hu, Bo-yang Yu
Steroidal sapogenins and glycosides from the fibrous roots of Ophiopogon japonicus and Liriope spicata var. prolifera with anti-inflammatory activity.
Chem. Pharm. Bull.: 2015, 63(3);187-94
[PubMed:25757489] [] [DOI] (I p)

Hung-Jen Lu, Thing-Fong Tzeng, Jui-Chin Hsu, Shih-Hao Kuo, Chia-Hsin Chang, Shin-Ya Huang, Fang-Yu Chang, Ming-Chang Wu, I-Min Liu
An Aqueous-Ethanol Extract of Liriope spicata var. prolifera Ameliorates Diabetic Nephropathy through Suppression of Renal Inflammation.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med: 2013, 2013;201643
[PubMed:24027593] [] [DOI] (P p)

Zuo-qi Xiao, Yong-long Wang, Su-ran Gan, Jia-chun Chen
Polysaccharides from Liriopes Radix ameliorates hyperglycemia via various potential mechanisms in diabetic rats.
J. Sci. Food Agric.: 2014, 94(5);975-82
[PubMed:23939938] [] [DOI] (I p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects