Liriope muscari

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Liriope muscari

Liriope muscari in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Shanmaidong

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Liriope Root

Specific Name  : Radix liriopes

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in early summer, washed clean, exposed to strong sun light repeatedly and piled up for almost drying then removed from fibrous root and dried.

Description  : Root of Liriope spicata: Fusiform, the two ends tapering, 1.2 - 3 cm long, 0.4 - 0.7 cm in diameter. Externally pale yellow to brownish yellow with irregular longitudinal wrinkles. Texture flexible but hard and fragile after drying, fracture pale yellow to brownish yellow, horny stele small. Odour slight, taste sweet, sticky on chewing.

Identification  : 1.Transverse section: Root of Liriope muscari Epidermis consisting of 1 layer of cells. Cortex broad, parenchymatous cells containing raphides of calcium oxalate, 27 - 60 µm long, endodermal cells with thickened and lignified walls, passage cells found. 1 - 2 layered stone cells lying at the outside of endodermis with thickened inner and lateral walls, finely and densely pitted. Stele fairly small, phloem bundles 7 - 15, each located between 2 xylem arms respectively, the lignified cells in the inner side of xylem bundles linking up to a ring. Pith small. Parenchymatous cells subrounded.Root of Liriope muscari: Velamen of 3 - 6 layers of lignified cells, raphides 25 - 46 µm long. The outside of endodermis showing 1 layer of stone cells. Phloem bundles 16 - 20.2. View to thin place under the ultra violet light (365 nm), a fluorescence with light blue color appears.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash clean and dry.

Action  : To nourish yin and promote production of body fluid, moisten lung, cool and refresh the heart.

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place, protected from moisture.

Synonymns for Liriope muscari

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Liriope muscari

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Liriope muscari in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Yuanyuan Zhang, Yazheng Zhao, Yan Wu, Jin Qi, Fang Li, Junping Kou, Boyang Yu
Ophiopogon Saponin C1 Inhibits Lung Tumors by Stabilizing Endothelium Permeability via Inhibition of PKCδ.
Int. J. Biol. Sci.: 2020, 16(3);396-407
[PubMed:32015677] [] [DOI] (I e)

Fei-Leng Chen, Zheng-Fang Hu, Jin Qi
[Evaluation of scavenging activity of hydrogen peroxide in different origins of Liropes Radix by HPLC-UV-CL system].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi: 2019, 44(5);990-995
[PubMed:30989860] [] [DOI] (P p)

Chang Ha Park, Abubaker Mohammed Awad Morgan, Byung Bae Park, Sook Young Lee, Sanghyun Lee, Jae Kwang Kim, Sang Un Park
Metabolites: 2019, 9(3);
[PubMed:30917595] [] [DOI] (P e)

Gurusamy Raman, Seongjun Park, Eun Mi Lee, SeonJoo Park
Evidence of mitochondrial DNA in the chloroplast genome of Convallaria keiskei and its subsequent evolution in the Asparagales.
Sci Rep: 2019, 9(1);5028
[PubMed:30903007] [] [DOI] (I e)

Ji Eun Kim, Woo Bin Yun, Mi Lim Lee, Jun Young Choi, Jin Ju Park, Hye Ryeong Kim, Bo Ram Song, Jin Tae Hong, Hyun Keun Song, Dae Youn Hwang
Synergic Laxative Effects of an Herbal Mixture of Liriope platyphylla, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, and Cinnamomum cassia in Loperamide-Induced Constipation of Sprague Dawley Rats.
J Med Food: 2019, 22(3);294-304
[PubMed:30724689] [] [DOI] (I p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects