Liquidambar formosana

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P259 1.jpg


Other Names:

Historical Use of Liquidambar formosana

Liquidambar formosana in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Lulutong

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Beautiful sweetgum fruit

Specific Name  : Fructus liquidambaris

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in winter when the fruit is ripe, remove from foreign matter and dried.

Description  : Collective fruit, composed of numerous small capsules, spheroidal, 2 - 3cm in diameter with a fruit stalk at the base. Externally greyish brown or brown, bearing numerous acute spines and small beaked obtuse spines, 0.5 - 1mmlong, often broken. Small capsules acrocidal showing small honeycomb-shape holes. Texture light and hard, uneasily broken, odor slight and taste weak.

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  : To dispel wind and remove obstruction from the collaterals, to cause diuresis, and to stimulate menstrual discharge.

Indication  : arthralgia with numbness and muscular contracture; edeam; lack of lactation; amenorrhea

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

P259 1.jpg


Other Names:

Historical Use of Liquidambar formosana

Liquidambar formosana in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Fengxiangzhi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Beautiful Sweetgum Resin

Specific Name  : Resina liquidambaris

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected from October to next April and dried in the shade.

Description  : Irregular pieces, pale yellow or yellowish brown, translucent or opaque. Texture fragile, fracture lustrous, odour aromatic, taste weak.

Identification  : 1.Burn a small quantity of the resin, the flame has much fume with characteristic and aromatic odour.2.Place 50 mg in a test tube, add 5 ml of carbon tetrachloride, shake to dissolve. Add 2 ml of sulfuric acid along the tube wall, a red ring is produced at the junction of the two layers.3.Suspend 0.2g in 5 ml of carbon tetrachloride with shaking, add 3 ml of nitric acid, shake well gently, allow to stand until separation takes place, a pale red to reddish orange color is produced in the upper layer.

Processing  :

Action  : To promote blood circulation and relieve pain, to counteract toxicity, to stimulate tissue regeneration, and to reduce heat from blood.

Indication  : traumatic injuries, swelling and pain of carbuncle and boil, spitting of blood, epistaxis and traumatic hemorrhage

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 1.5 to 3 g, used in making pills or powder; appropriate quantity for external use.

Storage  : Preserve in well closed containers, nd stored in a cool place.

Synonymns for Liquidambar formosana

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Liquidambar formosana

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Liquidambar formosana in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Chi-Hsiang Wen, Syuan-Fei Hong, Sin-Fen Hu, Shih-Shun Lin, Fang-Hua Chu
Lfo-miR164b and LfNAC1 as autumn leaf senescence regulators in Formosan sweet gum (Liquidambar formosana Hance).
Plant Sci.: 2020, 291;110325
[PubMed:31928688] [] [DOI] (I p)

Zhenzhen Zhang, Yamin Zhao, Xiaoyan Zhang, Sichen Tao, Xiong Fang, Xingwen Lin, Yonggang Chi, Lei Zhou, Chaofan Wu
Front Plant Sci: 2019, 10;1596
[PubMed:31921245] [] [DOI] (P e)

Hui-Xing Zhang, You Kang, Ning Li, Hai-Feng Wang, Yong-Rui Bao, Yan-Wu Li, Xue-Zheng Li, Zhe Jiang, Gang Chen
Triterpenoids from Liquidambar Fructus induced cell apoptosis via a PI3K-AKT related signal pathway in SMMC7721 cancer cells.
Phytochemistry: 2020, 171;112228
[PubMed:31911265] [] [DOI] (I p)

Shaktivel Manavalan, Pitchaimani Veerakumar, Shen-Ming Chen, Keerthi Murugan, King-Chuen Lin
Binder-Free Modification of a Glassy Carbon Electrode by Using Porous Carbon for Voltammetric Determination of Nitro Isomers.
ACS Omega: 2019, 4(5);8907-8918
[PubMed:31459978] [] [DOI] (I e)

Ai Bo Li, Xiong Wei Zhao, Chun You Li, Ben Zhi Zhou, Zhen Ya Yang, Pei Pei Zhou, Ya Min Zhao
[Relationship of plant abundance, air temperature and humidity with negative ions based on control experiment]. [基于控制试验的植株数量及空气温湿度与负离子的关系.]
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao: 2019, 30(7);2211-2217
[PubMed:31418223] [] [DOI] (P p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects