Ligustrum lucidum

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P170 1.jpg
P51 2.jpg
Tcm122.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Ligustrum lucidum

Ligustrum lucidum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Chongbaila

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Insect Wax

Specific Name  : Cera chinensis

Scientific Name:
Collection  :

Description  : White or whitish masses, the surface smooth or slightly wrinkled, lustrous. Texture light, hard somewhat fragile, broken when rubbing, fracture stripe shaped or granular, odeour slighty and tasteless.Melting point: 82-85ºC Acid Value: Not more than 1 Saponification Value: 70-92 iodine Value: Not more than 9

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  : Excipient and lubricant for making pills and tablets.

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : Preserve in well closed containers, stored in a cool place.

Storage  :

P170 1.jpg
P51 2.jpg
Tcm122.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Ligustrum lucidum

Ligustrum lucidum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Nuzhenshi Å®Õêʵ Chinese Name (pinyin): Nuzhenzi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Glossy Privet Fruit

Specific Name  : Fructus ligustri lucidi

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected when ripe in winter, remove from branch and leaf, steamed or treated with boiling water for a moment and dried or dried directly.

Description  : Ovoid, elliptical or reniform, 6 - 8mm long, 3.5 - 5.5mm in diameter. Externally blackish purple or greyish black, shrunken and uneven with a fruit stalk at the base. Texture light. Epicarp thin, mesocarp relatively lax and soft, easily stripped off, endocarp woody, yellowish brown with longitudinal ribs, 1 seed, reform, purplish black, oily, odorless, taste sweet but slightly bitter and astringent.

Identification  : To 1g of the powder add 3ml of ethanol, shake for 5 minutes, filter, evaporate the filtrate to dryness in a porcelain dish. Dissolve the residue in 1ml of acetic anhydride, add 1 drop of sulfuric acid. A pink color is produced which turns to purple and then to dirty green. Examine under ultra violet light (365nm), a yellowish green fluorescence is observed.Foreign matter: not more than 3%

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash clean and dry.Processed with wine: stew or steam as describe under the method for stewing with wine or steaming with wine (Appendix ll D) until the wine is entirely absorbed or steam thoroughly.

Action  : To replenish the liver and kidney, improve eyesight and promote the growth of black hair.

Indication  : vertigo, tinnitus, weakness in the loins and knees, premature greying of hair and impaired eyesight due to deficiency of liver and kidney yin

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 6 to 12 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

P170 1.jpg
P51 2.jpg
Tcm122.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Ligustrum lucidum

Ligustrum lucidum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Chongbaila

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Insect Wax

Specific Name  : Cera chinensis

Scientific Name:
Collection  :

Description  : White or whitish masses, the surface smooth or slightly wrinkled, lustrous. Texture light, hard somewhat fragile, broken when rubbing, fracture stripe shaped or granular, odeour slighty and tasteless.Melting point: 82-85ºC Acid Value: Not more than 1 Saponification Value: 70-92 iodine Value: Not more than 9

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  : Excipient and lubricant for making pills and tablets.

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : Preserve in well closed containers, stored in a cool place.

Storage  :

P170 1.jpg
P51 2.jpg
Tcm122.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Ligustrum lucidum

Ligustrum lucidum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Nuzhenshi Å®Õêʵ Chinese Name (pinyin): Nuzhenzi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Glossy Privet Fruit

Specific Name  : Fructus ligustri lucidi

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected when ripe in winter, remove from branch and leaf, steamed or treated with boiling water for a moment and dried or dried directly.

Description  : Ovoid, elliptical or reniform, 6 - 8mm long, 3.5 - 5.5mm in diameter. Externally blackish purple or greyish black, shrunken and uneven with a fruit stalk at the base. Texture light. Epicarp thin, mesocarp relatively lax and soft, easily stripped off, endocarp woody, yellowish brown with longitudinal ribs, 1 seed, reform, purplish black, oily, odorless, taste sweet but slightly bitter and astringent.

Identification  : To 1g of the powder add 3ml of ethanol, shake for 5 minutes, filter, evaporate the filtrate to dryness in a porcelain dish. Dissolve the residue in 1ml of acetic anhydride, add 1 drop of sulfuric acid. A pink color is produced which turns to purple and then to dirty green. Examine under ultra violet light (365nm), a yellowish green fluorescence is observed.Foreign matter: not more than 3%

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash clean and dry.Processed with wine: stew or steam as describe under the method for stewing with wine or steaming with wine (Appendix ll D) until the wine is entirely absorbed or steam thoroughly.

Action  : To replenish the liver and kidney, improve eyesight and promote the growth of black hair.

Indication  : vertigo, tinnitus, weakness in the loins and knees, premature greying of hair and impaired eyesight due to deficiency of liver and kidney yin

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 6 to 12 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

P170 1.jpg
P51 2.jpg
Tcm122.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Ligustrum lucidum

Ligustrum lucidum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Chongbaila

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Insect Wax

Specific Name  : Cera chinensis

Scientific Name:
Collection  :

Description  : White or whitish masses, the surface smooth or slightly wrinkled, lustrous. Texture light, hard somewhat fragile, broken when rubbing, fracture stripe shaped or granular, odeour slighty and tasteless.Melting point: 82-85ºC Acid Value: Not more than 1 Saponification Value: 70-92 iodine Value: Not more than 9

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  : Excipient and lubricant for making pills and tablets.

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : Preserve in well closed containers, stored in a cool place.

Storage  :

P170 1.jpg
P51 2.jpg
Tcm122.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Ligustrum lucidum

Ligustrum lucidum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Nuzhenshi Å®Õêʵ Chinese Name (pinyin): Nuzhenzi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Glossy Privet Fruit

Specific Name  : Fructus ligustri lucidi

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected when ripe in winter, remove from branch and leaf, steamed or treated with boiling water for a moment and dried or dried directly.

Description  : Ovoid, elliptical or reniform, 6 - 8mm long, 3.5 - 5.5mm in diameter. Externally blackish purple or greyish black, shrunken and uneven with a fruit stalk at the base. Texture light. Epicarp thin, mesocarp relatively lax and soft, easily stripped off, endocarp woody, yellowish brown with longitudinal ribs, 1 seed, reform, purplish black, oily, odorless, taste sweet but slightly bitter and astringent.

Identification  : To 1g of the powder add 3ml of ethanol, shake for 5 minutes, filter, evaporate the filtrate to dryness in a porcelain dish. Dissolve the residue in 1ml of acetic anhydride, add 1 drop of sulfuric acid. A pink color is produced which turns to purple and then to dirty green. Examine under ultra violet light (365nm), a yellowish green fluorescence is observed.Foreign matter: not more than 3%

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash clean and dry.Processed with wine: stew or steam as describe under the method for stewing with wine or steaming with wine (Appendix ll D) until the wine is entirely absorbed or steam thoroughly.

Action  : To replenish the liver and kidney, improve eyesight and promote the growth of black hair.

Indication  : vertigo, tinnitus, weakness in the loins and knees, premature greying of hair and impaired eyesight due to deficiency of liver and kidney yin

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 6 to 12 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

Synonymns for Ligustrum lucidum

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Ligustrum lucidum

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Ligustrum lucidum in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Yue Fang, Xinquan Liu, Jing Su
Network Pharmacology Analysis of Traditional Chinese Medicine Formula Shuang Di Shou Zhen Tablets Treating Nonexudative Age-Related Macular Degeneration.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med: 2021, 2021;6657521
[PubMed:33815556] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

Tian Yue, Danping Jiang, Zhiping Zhang, Yang Zhang, Yameng Li, Tian Zhang, Quanguo Zhang
Recycling of shrub landscaping waste: Exploration of bio-hydrogen production potential and optimization of photo-fermentation bio-hydrogen production process.
Bioresour Technol: 2021, 331;125048
[PubMed:33798861] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Jia Liu, Zengyuan Liu, Lili Wang, Hao He, Hailong Mu, Wenjing Sun, Yu Zhou, Yingqiu Liu, Wuren Ma, Weimin Zhang, Mingzhe Fu, Yunpeng Fan, Xiaoping Song
Bioactivity-guided isolation of immunomodulatory compounds from the fruits of Ligustrum lucidum.
J Ethnopharmacol: 2021, 274;114079
[PubMed:33798661] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Xin Ji, Xiao-Qian Liu, Lu Gao, Su-Ping Xiao, Yao-Hua Liang, Chun Li, Zhi-Min Wang
[Qualitative and quantitative analysis on triterpenoids in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi: 2021, 46(5);1168-1178
[PubMed:33787112] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Rong Kang, Wen Tian, Wei Cao, Yang Sun, Hui-Nan Zhang, Ying-Da Feng, Chen Li, Ze-Zhi Li, Xiao-Qiang Li
##Title##
Chin J Nat Med: 2021, 19(3);170-180
[PubMed:33781450] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects