Liguidambar orientalis

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Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Liguidambar orientalis

Liguidambar orientalis in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Suhexiang

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :

Specific Name  : Styrax

Scientific Name:
Collection  :

Description  : A semifluid viscid liquid, brownish yellow or dark brown, translucent, odour aromatic. Soluble in 90% ethanol, carbon disulfide, chloroform or acetic acid, slightly soluble in ether.Acid value: 52 - 76 (Appendix 1X N)Saponification: 160 - 190 (Appendix 1X N)

Identification  : Mix 1 g with 3g of finely powdered sand, add 5 ml of potassium permanganate TS and warm gently, a distinct odour of benzaldehyde is produced.Assay: Weigh accurately 1.25g in a flask, add 25 ml of freshly prepared ethanolic potassium hydroxide VS (0..5 mol/L) and heat under reflux on a water bath for 1 hour. Evaporate the ethanol quickly at a low temperature and disperse the residue in 50 ml of hot water. Allow the mixture to cool. Filter and wash the residue with 20 ml of water. Acidify the combined filtrate and washings hydrochloric acid and extract with 4 quantities, each of 40 ml of ether. Extract the combined ether extracts successively with 20, 20, 10, 10, and 10 ml of sodium bicarbonate solution (1Õ20) and wash each aqueous extract with hydrochloric acid and extract successively with 30, 20, 20, 10 ml of chloroform. Filter each chloroform extract through a layer of anhydrous sodium sulfate supported by an absorbent cotton plug. Evaporate the combined filtrates to about 10 ml and remove the remainder solvent with a current of air. Dissolve the residue in 10 ml of ethanol with the aid of a gentle heat previously neutralized to phenol re IS. Allow to cool, add 2 - 3 drops of phenol red IS and titrate the sodium hydroxide (0.1 mol/L) VS. Each ml of sodium hydroxide (0.1 mol/L)VS is equivalent to 14.82 mg of C9H8O2. It contains not less than 28.5% of total balsamic acid, calculated as cinnamic acid C9H8O2.

Processing  :

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Synonymns for Liguidambar orientalis

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Liguidambar orientalis

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Liguidambar orientalis in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Ke Zhang, Xiangling Wu, Hongbing Luo, Xiangkun Li, Wei Chen, Jia Chen, You Mo, Wei Wang
##Title##
J. Environ. Manage.: 2020, 260;110071
[PubMed:32090814] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

M J Gibson, K E Lawrence, R E Hickson, R How, K R Gedye, G Jones, A Hoogenboom, I Draganova, S L Smith, W E Pomroy
Effects of Theileria orientalis Ikeda type infection on libido and semen quality of bulls.
Anim. Reprod. Sci.: 2020, 214;106312
[PubMed:32087922] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Ming Sun, Guiquan Guan, Zhijie Liu, Jinming Wang, Duoquan Wang, Shufang Wang, Chao Ma, Shengzhong Cheng, Hong Yin, Jianxun Luo
Molecular Survey and Genetic Diversity of Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. in Cattle in Gansu Province, China.
Acta Parasitol.: 2020;
[PubMed:32077037] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Weimin Xing, Yuguo Han, Zifan Guo, Yue Zhou
Quantitative study on redistribution of nitrogen and phosphorus by wetland plants under different water quality conditions.
Environ. Pollut.: 2020, 261;114086
[PubMed:32062459] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Lan-Hua Li, Jia-Zhi Wang, Dan Zhu, Xi-Shang Li, Yan Lu, Shou-Qin Yin, Sheng-Guo Li, Yi Zhang, Xiao-Nong Zhou
Detection of novel piroplasmid species and Babesia microti and Theileria orientalis genotypes in hard ticks from Tengchong County, Southwest China.
Parasitol. Res.: 2020;
[PubMed:32060726] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects