Kochia scoparia

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Kochia scoparia

Kochia scoparia in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Difuzi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Broom Cypress Fruit

Specific Name  : Fructus kochiae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The plant is collected in autumn when the fruit is ripe, dried in the sun. The fruit is gathered and remove from foreign matter.

Description  : Oblate spheroidal, fire-pointed star shape, 1 - 3mm in diameter, surrounded by a persistant perianth. Externally greyish- green or pale brown with 5 membranous winglets. The center of the dorsal surface having a slightly prominent, pointed fruit stalk scar and 5 - 10 radial veins, membranous pericarp visible when the parianth stripped, transluscent. Seeds flattened ovoid, about 1mm long, black. Odor slight and taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : 1.Powder: brown, epidermic cells of perianth polygonal, stomata anomocytic, parenchymatous cells containing clusters of calcium oxalate. Pericarp cells subrectangular or polygonal, thin walled, sinuous containing numerously small prisms of calcium oxalate. Testa cells brown, polygonal or subsquare mostly crumpled.2.To 2g of the powder add 2ml of ethanol, 1.5ml of hydrochloric acid, heat under reflux for 2 hours, filter, concentrate the filtrate to about 5ml, add 10ml of water and transfer to a separating funnel. Extract with 20ml of petroleum ether (60 - 90ºC). Separate the ether layer and evaporate to dryness. Dissolve oleanolic acid CRS in ethanol to produce a solution containing 1mg per ml as the reference solution. Carry out the method for thin layer chromatography (Appendix Vl B) using silica gel H containing sodium carboxymethylcellulose as the coating substance and chloroform-methanol (40:1) as the mobile phase. Apply separately 2 µl of the test solution and 4µl of the reference solution to the plate. After developing and removal of the plate, dry it in the air, spray with phosphomolyyyyybdic acid TS, heat at 105ºC for several minutes. Examine the chromatogram under day light. The spot in the chromatogram obtained with the tes solution correspond in position and colour to the spot in the chromatogram obtained with the reference solution.Total ash: not more than 10.0% (

Processing  :

Action  : To remove damp-heat, to dispel wind, and to relieve itching.

Indication  : painful and difficult urination; pruritus vulvae with leukorrhea; rubela; eczema; pruritus

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g; for external use, appropriate quantity to be decocted from fuming and washing.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

Synonymns for Kochia scoparia

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Kochia scoparia

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Kochia scoparia in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Jing Wang, Ying Han, Man Wang, Qianqian Zhao, Xuefeng Chen, Xuebo Liu
Natural triterpenoid saponin Momordin Ic suppresses HepG2 cell invasion via COX-2 inhibition and PPARγ activation.
Toxicol In Vitro: 2020, 65;104784
[PubMed:31981603] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Megan J Dornbusch, Ryan F Limb, Hannah A K Tomlinson, Aaron L M Daigh, Kevin K Sedivec
Evaluation of soil treatment techniques on remediated brine spill sites in semi-arid rangelands.
J. Environ. Manage.: 2020, 260;110100
[PubMed:31941631] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Hyun-Dong Cho, Jeong-Ho Kim, Jun-Kyu Park, Seong-Min Hong, Du-Hyun Kim, Kwon-Il Seo
Pharm Biol: 2019, 57(1);684-693
[PubMed:31608754] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Eric L Patterson, Christopher A Saski, Daniel B Sloan, Patrick J Tranel, Philip Westra, Todd A Gaines
The Draft Genome of Kochia scoparia and the Mechanism of Glyphosate Resistance via Transposon-Mediated EPSPS Tandem Gene Duplication.
Genome Biol Evol: 2019, 11(10);2927-2940
[PubMed:31518388] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Yang Cao, Li Chao Song, Xu Guang Niu, Wei Zhang, Xin Zheng Liu, Shan Wu, Si Nan Li, Hai Yan Li
[Screening of pyrene degradation bacteria strain from the Kochia scoparia roots and its potential for promoting growth]. [焦化厂地肤根内解芘细菌的筛选及促生潜力.]
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao: 2019, 30(6);2056-2062
[PubMed:31257779] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects