Kaempferia galanga

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Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Kaempferia galanga

Kaempferia galanga in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Shannai

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Galanga Resurrectionlily Rhizome

Specific Name  : Rhizoma kaempferiae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in winter, wash clean removed from rootlet, slice and dried in the sun.

Description  : Mostly in rounded or subrounded transverse slices, 1-2 cm in diameter, 3 - 5 mm thick. Externally brownish or yellowish brown, shrunken, some with root scars or remains of rootlets, transversely cut surface, whitish starcy, usually inflated. Texture fragile, easily broken. Odour aromatic and characteristic and taste pungent.

Identification  : 1.Powder: Yellowish white, starch granules abundant, mainly simple spheroid, ellipsoidal or subtriangular, mostly flattened, 5 - 30 µm in diameter, rather thin walled. The lumen containing yellowish green or purplish red oil drops. Spiral vessels 18 - 37 µm in diameter. Coloured masses irregular yellow or yellowish brown.2. To 0.25 g of the powder add 5 ml of methanol, ultrasonicate for 10 minutes, filter and use the filtrate as the test solution. Dissolve a quantity of p-methoxycinamate CRS in methanol to produce a solution of 5 mg per ml as the reference solution. Carry out the method for thin layer chromatography (Appendix Vl B) using silica gel GF254 as the coating substance and n-hexane-ethyl acetate (18:1) as the mobile phase. Apply separately to the plate 2 µl of each of the two solutions. After developing and removal of the plate, dry it in the air and examine under ultra violet light(254 nm). The spot in the chromatogram obtained with the test solution correspond in position and color to the spot in the chromatogram obtained with the reference solution.Assay: Carry out the method for determining volatile oil (Appendix X D). It contains not less than 4.5% (ml/mg) of volatile oil.

Processing  :

Action  : To stimulate the functional activity of the stomach, promote digestion an drelieve pain.

Indication  : dyspepsy with epigastric distension, pain and cold feeling

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 6 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place.

Synonymns for Kaempferia galanga

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Kaempferia galanga

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Kaempferia galanga in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Ajay Kumar
Phytochemistry, pharmacological activities and uses of Indian traditional medicinal plant Kaempferia galanga L. - An overview.
J Ethnopharmacol: 2020;112667
[PubMed:32061673] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Fatemah A Alasmary, Eman A Assirey, Reham M El-Meligy, Amani S Awaad, Lara A El-Sawaf, Menatallah M Allah, Saleh I Alqasoumi
##Title##
Saudi Pharm J: 2019, 27(8);1107-1112
[PubMed:31885470] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Yuto Nishidono, Ryo Okada, Yuuna Iwama, Tetsuya Okuyama, Mikio Nishizawa, Ken Tanaka
Anti-inflammatory kavalactones from Alpinia zerumbet.
Fitoterapia: 2020, 140;104444
[PubMed:31790768] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Pattreeya Tungcharoen, Chatchai Wattanapiromsakul, Pimpimon Tansakul, Seikou Nakamura, Hisashi Matsuda, Supinya Tewtrakul
Anti-inflammatory effect of isopimarane diterpenoids from Kaempferia galanga.
Phytother Res: 2019;
[PubMed:31755164] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Lu Zhao, Junbo Sun, Suqin Shi, Xiao Qin, Keke Zhang, Jiangyan Xu
Kaempferol protects retinal ganglion ceils from high-glucose-induced injury by regulating vasohibin-1.
Neurosci. Lett.: 2020, 716;134633
[PubMed:31743752] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects