Inula japonica

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P414 1.jpg
Tcm144.jpg
P280 1.jpg
P413 3.jpg
P279 2.jpg

Contents

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Inula japonica

Inula japonica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Xuanfuhua

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Inula Flower

Specific Name  : Flos inulae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in summer and autumn at flowering, remove foreign matter and dried in the sun or in the shade.

Description  : Oblate subspherical, 1 - 2cm in diameter, involucre consisting of numerous bracts, imbricated, bracts lanceolate or strip-shaped, greyish yellow, 4 - 11mm long. Sometimes pedicels remaining at the base of involucre, surfaces of the bracts and pedicels covered with white hairs. Ligulate florets 1 row, yellow about 1cm long , mostly rolled, often fallen, with 3 terminal teeth, tubular florets numerous, brownish-yellow, about 5mm long with 5 terminal teeth, numerous white pappi occurring in the apex of ovary, 5 - 6mm long. Small elliptical schene sometimes visible, texture light, easily broken and separated, odour slight, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : Surface view of various parts, non-glandular hairs of bracts 1-8 celled, base of the multicellular ones large and the apical cells especially long, the inner rows of bracts bearing 2 - 3 celled seriate non-glandular hairs. Pappus consisting of multiseriate non-glandular hairs, margin cells slightly convex. Epidermal cells of ovary containing cylindrical crystals of calcium oxalate up to 48µm long, 2 - 5µm in diameter, non-glandular hairs of ovary biseriated. 90 - 220µm long. Glandular hairs of the bracts and corolla clavate with multi-cellular head, mostly biseriate, covered with cuticle sac, stalk multicellular, biseriate, pollen grains subspherical, 22 - 23µm in diameter, exine spiny about 3µm long with three germinal pores.

Processing  : Eliminate pedicels, leaves and foreign matter.Processed with honey: Stir fry (cleaned) as describe under the method for stir frying with honey (Appendix ll D) until it is no longer sticky to the fingers.

Action  : To relieve cough, eliminate phlegm, promote diuresis, and arrest vomiting.

Indication  : cough in common cold; cough with dyspnea and copious expectoration due to accumulation of phlegm; belching nausea and vomiting with stuffiness sensation in the epigastric region

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 9 g, to be wrapped in making decoction.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place, protected from moisture.

P414 1.jpg
Tcm144.jpg
P280 1.jpg
P413 3.jpg
P279 2.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Inula japonica

Inula japonica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Jinfeicao

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Inula Herb

Specific Name  : Herba inulae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in summer and autumn and dried in the sun.

Description  : Herb of Inula japonica: Lamina oblong lanceolate, 1 - 2.5cm wide, edge not curved, capitulum relatively large, 1 - 2cm in diameter, airgret about 0.5cm long.

Identification  :

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash briefly, cut into sections and dry.

Action  : To relieve cough and dyspnea, and eliminate retained phlegm.

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g; appropriate quantity of the fresh herb to be pounded for juice for topical application.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

P414 1.jpg
Tcm144.jpg
P280 1.jpg
P413 3.jpg
P279 2.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Inula japonica

Inula japonica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Xuanfuhua

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Inula Flower

Specific Name  : Flos inulae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in summer and autumn at flowering, remove foreign matter and dried in the sun or in the shade.

Description  : Oblate subspherical, 1 - 2cm in diameter, involucre consisting of numerous bracts, imbricated, bracts lanceolate or strip-shaped, greyish yellow, 4 - 11mm long. Sometimes pedicels remaining at the base of involucre, surfaces of the bracts and pedicels covered with white hairs. Ligulate florets 1 row, yellow about 1cm long , mostly rolled, often fallen, with 3 terminal teeth, tubular florets numerous, brownish-yellow, about 5mm long with 5 terminal teeth, numerous white pappi occurring in the apex of ovary, 5 - 6mm long. Small elliptical schene sometimes visible, texture light, easily broken and separated, odour slight, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : Surface view of various parts, non-glandular hairs of bracts 1-8 celled, base of the multicellular ones large and the apical cells especially long, the inner rows of bracts bearing 2 - 3 celled seriate non-glandular hairs. Pappus consisting of multiseriate non-glandular hairs, margin cells slightly convex. Epidermal cells of ovary containing cylindrical crystals of calcium oxalate up to 48µm long, 2 - 5µm in diameter, non-glandular hairs of ovary biseriated. 90 - 220µm long. Glandular hairs of the bracts and corolla clavate with multi-cellular head, mostly biseriate, covered with cuticle sac, stalk multicellular, biseriate, pollen grains subspherical, 22 - 23µm in diameter, exine spiny about 3µm long with three germinal pores.

Processing  : Eliminate pedicels, leaves and foreign matter.Processed with honey: Stir fry (cleaned) as describe under the method for stir frying with honey (Appendix ll D) until it is no longer sticky to the fingers.

Action  : To relieve cough, eliminate phlegm, promote diuresis, and arrest vomiting.

Indication  : cough in common cold; cough with dyspnea and copious expectoration due to accumulation of phlegm; belching nausea and vomiting with stuffiness sensation in the epigastric region

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 9 g, to be wrapped in making decoction.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place, protected from moisture.

P414 1.jpg
Tcm144.jpg
P280 1.jpg
P413 3.jpg
P279 2.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Inula japonica

Inula japonica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Jinfeicao

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Inula Herb

Specific Name  : Herba inulae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in summer and autumn and dried in the sun.

Description  : Herb of Inula japonica: Lamina oblong lanceolate, 1 - 2.5cm wide, edge not curved, capitulum relatively large, 1 - 2cm in diameter, airgret about 0.5cm long.

Identification  :

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash briefly, cut into sections and dry.

Action  : To relieve cough and dyspnea, and eliminate retained phlegm.

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g; appropriate quantity of the fresh herb to be pounded for juice for topical application.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

P414 1.jpg
Tcm144.jpg
P280 1.jpg
P413 3.jpg
P279 2.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Inula japonica

Inula japonica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Xuanfuhua

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Inula Flower

Specific Name  : Flos inulae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in summer and autumn at flowering, remove foreign matter and dried in the sun or in the shade.

Description  : Oblate subspherical, 1 - 2cm in diameter, involucre consisting of numerous bracts, imbricated, bracts lanceolate or strip-shaped, greyish yellow, 4 - 11mm long. Sometimes pedicels remaining at the base of involucre, surfaces of the bracts and pedicels covered with white hairs. Ligulate florets 1 row, yellow about 1cm long , mostly rolled, often fallen, with 3 terminal teeth, tubular florets numerous, brownish-yellow, about 5mm long with 5 terminal teeth, numerous white pappi occurring in the apex of ovary, 5 - 6mm long. Small elliptical schene sometimes visible, texture light, easily broken and separated, odour slight, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : Surface view of various parts, non-glandular hairs of bracts 1-8 celled, base of the multicellular ones large and the apical cells especially long, the inner rows of bracts bearing 2 - 3 celled seriate non-glandular hairs. Pappus consisting of multiseriate non-glandular hairs, margin cells slightly convex. Epidermal cells of ovary containing cylindrical crystals of calcium oxalate up to 48µm long, 2 - 5µm in diameter, non-glandular hairs of ovary biseriated. 90 - 220µm long. Glandular hairs of the bracts and corolla clavate with multi-cellular head, mostly biseriate, covered with cuticle sac, stalk multicellular, biseriate, pollen grains subspherical, 22 - 23µm in diameter, exine spiny about 3µm long with three germinal pores.

Processing  : Eliminate pedicels, leaves and foreign matter.Processed with honey: Stir fry (cleaned) as describe under the method for stir frying with honey (Appendix ll D) until it is no longer sticky to the fingers.

Action  : To relieve cough, eliminate phlegm, promote diuresis, and arrest vomiting.

Indication  : cough in common cold; cough with dyspnea and copious expectoration due to accumulation of phlegm; belching nausea and vomiting with stuffiness sensation in the epigastric region

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 9 g, to be wrapped in making decoction.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place, protected from moisture.

P414 1.jpg
Tcm144.jpg
P280 1.jpg
P413 3.jpg
P279 2.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Inula japonica

Inula japonica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Jinfeicao

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Inula Herb

Specific Name  : Herba inulae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in summer and autumn and dried in the sun.

Description  : Herb of Inula japonica: Lamina oblong lanceolate, 1 - 2.5cm wide, edge not curved, capitulum relatively large, 1 - 2cm in diameter, airgret about 0.5cm long.

Identification  :

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash briefly, cut into sections and dry.

Action  : To relieve cough and dyspnea, and eliminate retained phlegm.

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g; appropriate quantity of the fresh herb to be pounded for juice for topical application.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

P414 1.jpg
Tcm144.jpg
P280 1.jpg
P413 3.jpg
P279 2.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Inula japonica

Inula japonica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Xuanfuhua

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Inula Flower

Specific Name  : Flos inulae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in summer and autumn at flowering, remove foreign matter and dried in the sun or in the shade.

Description  : Oblate subspherical, 1 - 2cm in diameter, involucre consisting of numerous bracts, imbricated, bracts lanceolate or strip-shaped, greyish yellow, 4 - 11mm long. Sometimes pedicels remaining at the base of involucre, surfaces of the bracts and pedicels covered with white hairs. Ligulate florets 1 row, yellow about 1cm long , mostly rolled, often fallen, with 3 terminal teeth, tubular florets numerous, brownish-yellow, about 5mm long with 5 terminal teeth, numerous white pappi occurring in the apex of ovary, 5 - 6mm long. Small elliptical schene sometimes visible, texture light, easily broken and separated, odour slight, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : Surface view of various parts, non-glandular hairs of bracts 1-8 celled, base of the multicellular ones large and the apical cells especially long, the inner rows of bracts bearing 2 - 3 celled seriate non-glandular hairs. Pappus consisting of multiseriate non-glandular hairs, margin cells slightly convex. Epidermal cells of ovary containing cylindrical crystals of calcium oxalate up to 48µm long, 2 - 5µm in diameter, non-glandular hairs of ovary biseriated. 90 - 220µm long. Glandular hairs of the bracts and corolla clavate with multi-cellular head, mostly biseriate, covered with cuticle sac, stalk multicellular, biseriate, pollen grains subspherical, 22 - 23µm in diameter, exine spiny about 3µm long with three germinal pores.

Processing  : Eliminate pedicels, leaves and foreign matter.Processed with honey: Stir fry (cleaned) as describe under the method for stir frying with honey (Appendix ll D) until it is no longer sticky to the fingers.

Action  : To relieve cough, eliminate phlegm, promote diuresis, and arrest vomiting.

Indication  : cough in common cold; cough with dyspnea and copious expectoration due to accumulation of phlegm; belching nausea and vomiting with stuffiness sensation in the epigastric region

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 9 g, to be wrapped in making decoction.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place, protected from moisture.

P414 1.jpg
Tcm144.jpg
P280 1.jpg
P413 3.jpg
P279 2.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Inula japonica

Inula japonica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Jinfeicao

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Inula Herb

Specific Name  : Herba inulae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in summer and autumn and dried in the sun.

Description  : Herb of Inula japonica: Lamina oblong lanceolate, 1 - 2.5cm wide, edge not curved, capitulum relatively large, 1 - 2cm in diameter, airgret about 0.5cm long.

Identification  :

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash briefly, cut into sections and dry.

Action  : To relieve cough and dyspnea, and eliminate retained phlegm.

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g; appropriate quantity of the fresh herb to be pounded for juice for topical application.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

Synonymns for Inula japonica

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Inula japonica

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Inula japonica in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Ning Ji, Sun-Gun Kim, Hyo-Hyun Park, Eujin Lee, Youn Ju Lee, Meihua Jin, Eunkyung Lee
Nepetin, a natural compound from Inulae flos, suppresses degranulation and eicosanoid generation through PLCγ1 and Akt signaling pathways in mast cells.
Arch. Pharm. Res.: 2020;
[PubMed:32016828] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Xinru Jiang, Yijian Chen, Dan Liu, Ting Shi, Xiaodong Cheng, Weigang He, Yinhong Li, Bernhard Ryffel, Song Guo Zheng, Yuejuan Zheng
Secoeudesma sesquiterpenes lactone A alleviates inflammation and offers adjuvant protection in severe infection of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae.
J Ethnopharmacol: 2020, 252;112605
[PubMed:31981749] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Keru Shi, Xinyue Liu, Getao Du, Xiaoxia Cai, Yonghua Zhan
In vivo antitumour activity of Britanin against gastric cancer through nuclear factor-κB-mediated immune response.
J. Pharm. Pharmacol.: 2020;
[PubMed:31943207] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Xiao-Qian Yuan, Qiao-Sheng Guo, Chang-Lin Wang, Yang-Fei Xu, Yu Wei
[Effect of nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium formula fertilizer on growth and chemical composition content of Inula japonica].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi: 2019, 44(15);3246-3252
[PubMed:31602879] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Zhi-Pu Yu, Jun-Sheng Zhang, Qianqian Zhang, Shu-Juan Yu, Yuying Zhang, Jin-Hai Yu, Hua Zhang
Bioactive sesquiterpenoids and sesquiterpenoid glucosides from the flowers of Inula japonica.
Fitoterapia: 2019, 138;104292
[PubMed:31398451] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects