Inula britannica

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P414 1.jpg
Tcm144.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Inula britannica

Inula britannica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Xuanfuhua

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Inula Flower

Specific Name  : Flos inulae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in summer and autumn at flowering, remove foreign matter and dried in the sun or in the shade.

Description  : Oblate subspherical, 1 - 2cm in diameter, involucre consisting of numerous bracts, imbricated, bracts lanceolate or strip-shaped, greyish yellow, 4 - 11mm long. Sometimes pedicels remaining at the base of involucre, surfaces of the bracts and pedicels covered with white hairs. Ligulate florets 1 row, yellow about 1cm long , mostly rolled, often fallen, with 3 terminal teeth, tubular florets numerous, brownish-yellow, about 5mm long with 5 terminal teeth, numerous white pappi occurring in the apex of ovary, 5 - 6mm long. Small elliptical schene sometimes visible, texture light, easily broken and separated, odour slight, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : Surface view of various parts, non-glandular hairs of bracts 1-8 celled, base of the multicellular ones large and the apical cells especially long, the inner rows of bracts bearing 2 - 3 celled seriate non-glandular hairs. Pappus consisting of multiseriate non-glandular hairs, margin cells slightly convex. Epidermal cells of ovary containing cylindrical crystals of calcium oxalate up to 48µm long, 2 - 5µm in diameter, non-glandular hairs of ovary biseriated. 90 - 220µm long. Glandular hairs of the bracts and corolla clavate with multi-cellular head, mostly biseriate, covered with cuticle sac, stalk multicellular, biseriate, pollen grains subspherical, 22 - 23µm in diameter, exine spiny about 3µm long with three germinal pores.

Processing  : Eliminate pedicels, leaves and foreign matter.Processed with honey: Stir fry (cleaned) as describe under the method for stir frying with honey (Appendix ll D) until it is no longer sticky to the fingers.

Action  : To relieve cough, eliminate phlegm, promote diuresis, and arrest vomiting.

Indication  : cough in common cold; cough with dyspnea and copious expectoration due to accumulation of phlegm; belching nausea and vomiting with stuffiness sensation in the epigastric region

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 9 g, to be wrapped in making decoction.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place, protected from moisture.

P414 1.jpg
Tcm144.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Inula britannica

Inula britannica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Xuanfuhua

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Inula Flower

Specific Name  : Flos inulae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in summer and autumn at flowering, remove foreign matter and dried in the sun or in the shade.

Description  : Oblate subspherical, 1 - 2cm in diameter, involucre consisting of numerous bracts, imbricated, bracts lanceolate or strip-shaped, greyish yellow, 4 - 11mm long. Sometimes pedicels remaining at the base of involucre, surfaces of the bracts and pedicels covered with white hairs. Ligulate florets 1 row, yellow about 1cm long , mostly rolled, often fallen, with 3 terminal teeth, tubular florets numerous, brownish-yellow, about 5mm long with 5 terminal teeth, numerous white pappi occurring in the apex of ovary, 5 - 6mm long. Small elliptical schene sometimes visible, texture light, easily broken and separated, odour slight, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : Surface view of various parts, non-glandular hairs of bracts 1-8 celled, base of the multicellular ones large and the apical cells especially long, the inner rows of bracts bearing 2 - 3 celled seriate non-glandular hairs. Pappus consisting of multiseriate non-glandular hairs, margin cells slightly convex. Epidermal cells of ovary containing cylindrical crystals of calcium oxalate up to 48µm long, 2 - 5µm in diameter, non-glandular hairs of ovary biseriated. 90 - 220µm long. Glandular hairs of the bracts and corolla clavate with multi-cellular head, mostly biseriate, covered with cuticle sac, stalk multicellular, biseriate, pollen grains subspherical, 22 - 23µm in diameter, exine spiny about 3µm long with three germinal pores.

Processing  : Eliminate pedicels, leaves and foreign matter.Processed with honey: Stir fry (cleaned) as describe under the method for stir frying with honey (Appendix ll D) until it is no longer sticky to the fingers.

Action  : To relieve cough, eliminate phlegm, promote diuresis, and arrest vomiting.

Indication  : cough in common cold; cough with dyspnea and copious expectoration due to accumulation of phlegm; belching nausea and vomiting with stuffiness sensation in the epigastric region

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 9 g, to be wrapped in making decoction.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place, protected from moisture.

Synonymns for Inula britannica

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Inula britannica

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Inula britannica in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Won-Young Bae, Hyeong-Yeop Kim, Kyoung-Sook Choi, Kyung Hoon Chang, Young-Ho Hong, Jongsu Eun, Na-Kyoung Lee, Hyun-Dong Paik
Investigation of Brassica juncea, Forsythia suspensa, and Inula britannica: phytochemical properties, antiviral effects, and safety.
BMC Complement Altern Med: 2019, 19(1);253
[PubMed:31510997] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Won-Young Bae, Hyeong-Yeop Kim, Eun-Hye Park, Kee-Tae Kim, Hyun-Dong Paik
Improved in vitro antioxidant properties and hepatoprotective effects of a fermented Inula britannica extract on ethanol-damaged HepG2 cells.
Mol. Biol. Rep.: 2019, 46(6);6053-6063
[PubMed:31468259] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Won-Young Bae, Hyeong-Yeop Kim, Kee-Tae Kim, Hyun-Dong Paik
Inhibitory effects of Inula britannica extract fermented by Lactobacillus plantarum KCCM 11613P on coagulase activity and growth of Staphylococcus aureus including methicillin-resistant strains.
J. Food Biochem.: 2019, 43(4);e12785
[PubMed:31353594] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Young-Sik Kim, Hyo Jin Park, Hocheol Kim, Jungbin Song, Donghun Lee
Gastroprotective Effects of Paeonia Extract Mixture HT074 against Experimental Gastric Ulcers in Rats.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med: 2019, 2019;3546258
[PubMed:30906413] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

Kwan-Chul Kim, Dae-Jung Kim, Myung Sun Lee, Ji Yun Seo, Ick-Dong Yoo, Ik-Soo Lee
##Title##
J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.: 2018, 28(11);1806-1813
[PubMed:30270608] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects