Hyriopsis cumingii

From Epilepsy Naturapedia
Jump to: navigation, search
P294 3.jpg
P294 2.jpg
P294 1.jpg


Other Names:

Historical Use of Hyriopsis cumingii

Hyriopsis cumingii in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Zhenzhumu

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Nacre

Specific Name  : Concha margaritifera usta

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected, remove from muscles, washed clean and dried.

Description  : Shell of Hyriopsis Cumingii: somewhat in scalene tretragonal. The outer surface growth lines arranged in concentric rings, dorsal posterior margin projected upward, forming large triangular sail-like hind wing. The inner surface with distinct trace of mantle, trace of anterior adductor somewhat ovoid, trace of posterior adductor somewhat triangular. Both left and right shells with 2 pseudocardinal teeth, left shell with 2 slat lateral teeth, right shell with 1 slat lateral tooth, lustrous. Texture hard, odour, slightly stinking and taste weak.

Identification  : 1.Powder: whitish, irregular broken pieces, surface mostly uneven with distinct granular nature, some in laminated structure, margin mostly irregular serrated.2.To small quantity of the powder, add dilute hydrochloric acid, a lot of bubbles produced immediately, filter, the filtrate yields the characteristics reaction of calcium salts

Processing  : Concha Margaritifera UstaCalcine the clean Concha Margaritifera Usta as describe under the method of calcining openly (Appendix ll B) until it becomes crisp.

Action  : To subdue hyperactivity of the liver, to clam the nerves, and to improve vision.

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 10 to 25 g, to be decocted before other ingredients.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place, protected from dust.

P294 3.jpg
P294 2.jpg
P294 1.jpg


Other Names:

Historical Use of Hyriopsis cumingii

Hyriopsis cumingii in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Lianzhufen å¥Öé·Û Zhenzhufen ÕäÖé·Û Chinese Name (pinyin): Zhenzhu

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Pearl

Specific Name  : Margarita

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected from animal, washed and dried.

Description  : subspheroidal, oblong, ovaoid or clavate, 1.5 - 8mm in diameter. Externally almost white, light pink, light yellowish green or light blue, translucent, smooth or slightly uneven with characteristic lustre. Texture hard, laminating veins on broken surface. Odorless and tasteless.

Identification  : 1.Powder: Whitish, irregular pieces translecent, lustrous, granular I surface view, sometimes finely undulated striated. The ground slices marked with concentric striations.2.To the powder, add dilute hydrochloric acid solution, a lot of bubbles are produced, filter, the filtrate yields the identification test calcium salts (Appendix lV)3.Examine the drug under ultra violet light (365nm) pale bluish violet or bright yellowish green fluorescence is shown, usuallt relatively bright in the peripheral zone

Processing  : Wash clean and dry.Powder of Margarita: Take clean margarita, grind and make it into finest powder as described under the method for levigation

Action  : To calm the nerves, to eliminate corneal opacity, to counteract toxicity and to promote the growth of new tissues.

Indication  : palpitation and insomnia; convulsion, epilepsy; nebula; skin ulceration that are difficult to heal

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 0.1 to 0.3 g, mostly used in making pills or powder; appropriate quantity for external use.

Storage  : Preserve in well closed containers.

Synonymns for Hyriopsis cumingii

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Hyriopsis cumingii

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Hyriopsis cumingii in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Yimeng Liu, Lei Li, Liang Zheng, Ping Fu, Yu Wang, Haidang Nguyen, Xiaosheng Shen, Yanming Sui
Antioxidant responses of triangle sail mussel Hyriopsis cumingii exposed to harmful algae Microcystis aeruginosa and high pH.
Chemosphere: 2020, 243;125241
[PubMed:31995860] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Zhenfang Li, Ming Xing Zhu, Baoqing Hu, Wenxiu Liu, Jielian Wu, Chungen Wen, Shaoqing Jian, Gang Yang
Effects of suppressing Smads expression on wound healing in Hyriopsis cumingii.
Fish Shellfish Immunol.: 2020, 97;455-464
[PubMed:31870970] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Can Jin, Jia-Le Li, Xiao-Jun Liu
Teosin, a novel basic shell matrix protein from Hyriopsis cumingii induces calcium carbonate polycrystal formation.
Int. J. Biol. Macromol.: 2019;
[PubMed:31743712] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Ning Wang, Mengting Qin, Xihua Chen, Yang Lu, Xinxin Zhao, Yuhui Wu, Jie Shi, Yitian Li, Rui Zhang
Molecular cloning of complement component C3 gene from pearl mussel, Hyriopsis cumingii and analysis of the gene expression in response to tissue transplantation.
Fish Shellfish Immunol.: 2019, 94;288-293
[PubMed:31494277] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Ying Huang, Guosong Zhang, Qian Ren
Front Physiol: 2019, 10;952
[PubMed:31404151] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects