Hedysarum polybotrys

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P193 1.jpg


Other Names:

Historical Use of Hedysarum polybotrys

Hedysarum polybotrys in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Hongqi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Manyinflorescenced Sweetvetch Root

Specific Name  : Radix hedysari

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in spring and autumn, removed from rootlet and root stock and dried in the sun.

Description  : Cylindrical few branched, upper end slightly thick, 10 - 50 cm long, 0.6 - 2 cm in diameter. Externally reddish brown of grey tint with longitudinal wrinkles transversely elongated lenticels and few rootlet scars. Outer layer easily stripped off, the exposed layer yellowish. Texture hard and tough, fracture fibrous and starchy, yellowish white in bark and yelllowish-brown in wood, rays radial, cambium ring brownish. Odour slight, taste sweetish, slightly bean like on chewing.

Identification  : Transverse section: Cork consisting of 6 - 8 layers of cells. Cortex narrow with 2 - 4 layers of colenchymatous cells at the outside. Phloem broader, cleft outside, fibres in bundles scattered with thickened walls, slightly lignified, phloem rays often curved outside. Cambium in a ring. Vessels in xylem singly scattered for 2 - 3 grouped, surrounded by wood fibres. Fibre bundles surrounded by parenchymatous cells containing prisms of calcium oxalate.Powder: Yellowish brown, fibres in bundles, 5 - 22 µm in diameter with thickened walls, slightly lignified, surrounded by sheath of parenchymatous cells containing calcium oxalate prisms forming crystal fibres. The walls of crystal cells unevenly thickened. Prisms of calcium oxalate 7 - 14µm in diameter up to 22 µm long. Bordered pitted vessels up to 145 µm in diameter. Starch granules, simple or compound, subrounded or ovoid-rounded. 2 - 19 µm in diameter, compound of 2 - 8 components.Extractives: Carry out the method for Determination of ethanol soluble extractives (Appendix X A, the hot extraction method) using 45% ethanol as the solvent. Not less than 30.0%.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, grade according to size, wash clean, soften thoroughly cut into thick slices and dry.

Action  : To reinforce qi and strengthen the superificial resistance, to cause diuresis, and to promote the drainage of pus and the growth of new tissue.

Indication  : defieciency of qi with lack of strength, anorexia and loose stools; sinking of the spleen qi marked by protracted diarrhea and prolapse of the rectum; hematochezia and abnormal uterine bleeding; spontaneous sweating due to weakened superficial resistance; edema due to deficiency of qi; abscess or boil difficult to open; anemia; diabetes mellitus; albuminuria in chronic nephritis

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 30 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moisture and moth.

P193 1.jpg


Other Names:

Historical Use of Hedysarum polybotrys

Hedysarum polybotrys in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Zhihongqi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Manyinflorescenced sweetvetch root(processed)

Specific Name  : Radix hedysari preparata

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is a processed Radix Hedysari. Procedure: Stir fry the slices of Radix Hedysari as described under the method for stir frying with honey (Appendix ll D) until no more sticky to fingers.

Description  : Occurring as rounded or elliptical thick slices, 0.4 - 1.5cm in diameter. 1 - 2 mm thick. Externally reddish brown, slightly lustrous, wrinkled longitudinally and remained with a few rootlet scars. The surface of the slice often showing some twisted clefts, brown pale yellow, cambium ring brown, wood pale yellowish brown, showing radial striations. Odour honeyed fragrant, taste sweet, slightly sticky and bean like on chewing.

Identification  : Extractives: Carry out the method as described under the extractives for Radix Hedysari. It contains not less than 40.0%.

Processing  :

Action  : To invigorate the function of spleen and stomach.

Indication  : deficiency of qi with lack of strength, anorexia, loose stools

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 30 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moisture and moth.

Synonymns for Hedysarum polybotrys

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Hedysarum polybotrys

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Hedysarum polybotrys in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Jiayi Huang, Ka H Wong, Stephanie V Tay, Adrian How, James P Tam
Cysteine-Rich Peptide Fingerprinting as a General Method for Herbal Analysis to Differentiate Radix Astragali and Radix Hedysarum.
Front Plant Sci: 2019, 10;973
[PubMed:31417590] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

Zhiyuan Xue, Gengen Shi, Yaoyao Fang, Xiaohua Liu, Xianglin Zhou, Shilan Feng, Lianggong Zhao
Protective effect of polysaccharides from Radix Hedysari on gastric ulcers induced by acetic acid in rats.
Food Funct: 2019, 10(7);3965-3976
[PubMed:31204764] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Mei-li Jiao, Zhen-yu Li, Fu-sheng Zhang, Xue-mei Qin
[Comparison between Astragalus membranaceus var. mongholicus and Hedysarum polybotrys based on ITS sequences and metabolomics].
Yao Xue Xue Bao: 2015, 50(12);1625-31
[PubMed:27169287] [WorldCat.org] (P p)

Hui Yan, Zhao Jun Ji, Yin Shan Jiao, En Tao Wang, Wen Feng Chen, Bao Lin Guo, Wen Xin Chen
Genetic diversity and distribution of rhizobia associated with the medicinal legumes Astragalus spp. and Hedysarum polybotrys in agricultural soils.
Syst. Appl. Microbiol.: 2016, 39(2);141-9
[PubMed:26915496] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Zheng-ze Qiang, Yan Wang, Wen Xiao, Ming-wei Wang, Shuo Li, Cheng-yi Li
[Analysis Characteristics of Inorganic Elements in Different Organs of Hedysarum polybotrys in Different Growing Variation].
Zhong Yao Cai: 2016, 39(1);53-8
[PubMed:30079704] [WorldCat.org] (P p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects