Ginkgo biloba

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Ginkgo biloba

Ginkgo biloba in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Baiguoren °×¹ûÈÊ Baiguorou °×¹ûÈâ Chaobaiguo ³´°×¹û Chinese Name (pinyin): Baiguo

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Ginkgo Nut

Specific Name  : Semen ginkgo

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn when the seed is ripe, remove from the testa, wash, clean, steam or boiled briefly and dried by baking gently.

Description  : Somewhat ellipsoidal, one end relatively acute and the other end obtuse, 1.5 - 2.5cm long, 1 - 2cm wide, about 1 cm thick. Externally yellowish white or pale brownish yellow, smooth with 2 - 3 ribs. Mesotesta (shell) bony and hard. Endotesta membranous. Kernel broadly ovoid or ellipsoidal, one end pale brown and the other end golden yellow. Transverse section yellow, gelatinized in the outer part and pale yellow or pale green in the inner part, starchy with a fissure in the center. Odorless, taste sweet and slightly bitter.

Identification  :

Processing  : Remove foreign matter and shell from Semen Ginkgo. Break into pieces before use.Nux Ginkgo (stir fry) Stir fry as described under the method for simple stir frying ( Appendix ll D) to scented. Break into pieces before use.

Action  : To arrest persistent cough and asthma with profuse expextoration; morbid leukorrhea with whitish discharge; enuresis, frequent urination.

Indication  : persistent cough and asthma with profuse expectoration; leukorrhea; enuresis, frequent urination

Precautions  : Raw Semen Ginkgo is toxic.

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place.

Synonymns for Ginkgo biloba

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Ginkgo biloba

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Ginkgo biloba in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Yan Chen, Zhiwei Feng, Mingzhe Shen, Weiwei Lin, Yuanqiang Wang, Siyi Wang, Caifeng Li, Shengfeng Wang, Maozi Chen, Weiguang Shan, Xiang-Qun Xie
ACS Omega: 2020, 5(5);2428-2439
[PubMed:32064403] [] [DOI] (I e)

Shohei Nishimon, Mai Yamaguchi, Hisae Muraki, Noriaki Sakai, Seiji Nishino
Intraperitoneal injection of ginkgolide B, a major active compound of Ginkgo biloba, dose-dependently increases the amount of wake and decreases non-rapid eye movement sleep in C57BL/6 mice.
Neurosci. Lett.: 2020, 722;134832
[PubMed:32050100] [] [DOI] (I a)

Shin-Ichi Miyazawa, Hiroyuki Tobita, Tokuko Ujino-Ihara, Yuji Suzuki
J. Plant Res.: 2020, 133(2);205-215
[PubMed:32048093] [] [DOI] (I p)

Zachary A Marcum, Sarah D Hohl, Douglas Barthold, Oleg Zaslavsky, Eric B Larson, Shelly L Gray
Beliefs about benefits and harms of medications and supplements for brain health.
Prev Med Rep: 2020, 17;101060
[PubMed:32021765] [] [DOI] (P e)

Siegfried Kasper, Christian Bancher, Anne Eckert, Hans Förstl, Lutz Frölich, Jakub Hort, Amos D Korczyn, Reto W Kressig, Oleg Levin, María Sagrario Manzano Palomo
Management of mild cognitive impairment (MCI): The need for national and international guidelines.
World J. Biol. Psychiatry: 2020;1-16
[PubMed:32019392] [] [DOI] (I a)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects