Foeniculum vulgare

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Tcm84.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Foeniculum vulgare

Foeniculum vulgare in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Xiaohuixiang

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Common Fennel Fruit

Specific Name  : Fructus foeniculi

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The plant is cut in autumn when the fruit nearly ripe, dried in the sun and then tapped off and remove from foreign matter.

Description  : Cremocarp, cylindrical, some slightly curved, 4 - 8mm long, 1.5 - 2.5mm in diameter. Externally yellowsih green or pale yellow, tapering slightly towards both ends, apex bearing remains of yeloowiish brown, projecting stylopodium, sometimes having small fruit stalk at the base. Mericarp elongated elliptical with each dorsal surface bearing five ribs and commissurall srface flattened and broad. Transverse section showing a pentagonal, the four sides of dorsal surface nearly equal in length. Odor characteristically aromatic, taste slightly sweet and pungent

Identification  : Transverse section of mericarp: exocarp consisting of 1 layer of flattened cells, covered cuticle at outside. Mesocarp with 5 ribs each containing a vascular bundle surrounded by numerous lignified reticulate cells. Vittae 6, of 4 situated in the dorsal with a large, elliptical and brown vitta between every 2 ribs and 2 commissural. Endocarp consisting of 1 layer of flattened thin walled cells varying in length. The testa cells compressed and elongated, copntaining brown contents. Endosperm cells polygonal, filled with aleurone grains, each embedding a minute cluster of calcium oxalate.Foreign matter: not more than 4.0% (Appendix lX A)Total ash: not more than 10.0%

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matterProcessed with salt: stir fry as describe under the method for processing with salt-water (Appendix ll D) to yellowish.

Action  : To dispel cold and relieve pain, to regulate the stomach function. Fructus foeniculi (processed with salt): TO dispel cold from the interior and relieve pain.

Indication  : scrotal hernia with pain irradiating to the lower extremities, dysmenorrhea with lower abdominal pain and cold sensation, distending pain in the epigastrium with anorexia, vomiting and diarrhea; hydrocele of tunica vaginalis

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 6 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place.

Tcm84.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Foeniculum vulgare

Foeniculum vulgare in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Xiaohuixiang

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Common Fennel Fruit

Specific Name  : Fructus foeniculi

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The plant is cut in autumn when the fruit nearly ripe, dried in the sun and then tapped off and remove from foreign matter.

Description  : Cremocarp, cylindrical, some slightly curved, 4 - 8mm long, 1.5 - 2.5mm in diameter. Externally yellowsih green or pale yellow, tapering slightly towards both ends, apex bearing remains of yeloowiish brown, projecting stylopodium, sometimes having small fruit stalk at the base. Mericarp elongated elliptical with each dorsal surface bearing five ribs and commissurall srface flattened and broad. Transverse section showing a pentagonal, the four sides of dorsal surface nearly equal in length. Odor characteristically aromatic, taste slightly sweet and pungent

Identification  : Transverse section of mericarp: exocarp consisting of 1 layer of flattened cells, covered cuticle at outside. Mesocarp with 5 ribs each containing a vascular bundle surrounded by numerous lignified reticulate cells. Vittae 6, of 4 situated in the dorsal with a large, elliptical and brown vitta between every 2 ribs and 2 commissural. Endocarp consisting of 1 layer of flattened thin walled cells varying in length. The testa cells compressed and elongated, copntaining brown contents. Endosperm cells polygonal, filled with aleurone grains, each embedding a minute cluster of calcium oxalate.Foreign matter: not more than 4.0% (Appendix lX A)Total ash: not more than 10.0%

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matterProcessed with salt: stir fry as describe under the method for processing with salt-water (Appendix ll D) to yellowish.

Action  : To dispel cold and relieve pain, to regulate the stomach function. Fructus foeniculi (processed with salt): TO dispel cold from the interior and relieve pain.

Indication  : scrotal hernia with pain irradiating to the lower extremities, dysmenorrhea with lower abdominal pain and cold sensation, distending pain in the epigastrium with anorexia, vomiting and diarrhea; hydrocele of tunica vaginalis

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 6 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place.

Synonymns for Foeniculum vulgare

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Foeniculum vulgare

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Foeniculum vulgare in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Domenico Aiello, Nicoletta Ferradini, Lorenzo Torelli, Chiara Volpi, Joep Lambalk, Luigi Russi, Emidio Albertini
##Title##
Plants (Basel): 2020, 9(2);
[PubMed:32024130] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

Antonio Vella, Gaetano Cammilleri, Andrea Pulvirenti, Francesco Galluzzo, Barbara Randisi, Giuseppe Giangrosso, Andrea Macaluso, Samuele Gennaro, Gabriele Ciaccio, Nicola Cicero, Vincenzo Ferrantelli
High hydroxycinnamic acids contents in fennel honey produced in Southern Italy.
Nat. Prod. Res.: 2020;1-6
[PubMed:32019359] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Jason A Hawrelak, Hans Wohlmuth, Martina Pattinson, Stephen P Myers, Joshua Z Goldenberg, Joanna Harnett, Kieran Cooley, Claudine Van De Venter, Rebecca Reid, Dawn L Whitten
Western herbal medicines in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Complement Ther Med: 2020, 48;102233
[PubMed:31987249] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Zélie Triaux, Hugues Petitjean, Eric Marchioni, Maria Boltoeva, Christophe Marcic
Deep eutectic solvent-based headspace single-drop microextraction for the quantification of terpenes in spices.
Anal Bioanal Chem: 2020, 412(4);933-948
[PubMed:31927601] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Marie Claude Dop, Fayçal Kefi, Olfa Karous, Eric O Verger, Asma Bahrini, Zeineb Ghrabi, Jalila El Ati, Gina Kennedy, Céline Termote, MEDINA Study Group
Identification and frequency of consumption of wild edible plants over a year in central Tunisia: a mixed-methods approach.
Public Health Nutr: 2019;1-13
[PubMed:31858933] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects