Euryale ferox

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Euryale ferox

Euryale ferox in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Qianshimi ÜÍʵÃ× Chinese Name (pinyin): Qianshi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Gordon Euryale Seed

Specific Name  : Semen euryales

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The ripe fruit is collected in the late autumn and early winter, peeled and the seed is taken out, washed clean, removed from hard shell (testa) and dried.

Description  : Subspherical, mostly broken, the whole one, 5 - 8 mm in diameter, surface showing brownish red tegmen, one end yellowish white, about 1/3 in size of the whole kernel with a depressed dotted scar of hilum, white on removal of tegmen. Texture relatively hard, fracture white, starchy, odorless and taste weak.

Identification  : Powder: White mainly consisting of starch granules. Simple granules sub-rounded, 1 - 4 µm in diameter, hilum of large granules indistinctly visible, compound granules mostly consisting of more than one hundred components, subspherical, 13 - 35µm in diameter, a few consisting of 2 - 3 components.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter.Semen Euryales (stir fried with bran): Stir fry as describe under the method for stir frying with bran (Appendix ll D) to pale yellow.

Action  : To benefit the kidney and arrestseminal discharge, to invigorate the function of the spleen and relieve diarrhea, and to remove damp and chek excessive leukorrhea.

Indication  : nocturnal emission, spermatorrhea, enuresis, frequent urination; chronic diarrhea due to hypofunction of the spleen; turbid discharge mixed with urine, excessive leukorrhea

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

Synonymns for Euryale ferox

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Euryale ferox

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Euryale ferox in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Danish Ahmed, Mohd Ibrahim Khan, Manju Sharma, Mohd Faiyaz Khan
Interdiscip Toxicol: 2018, 11(4);275-288
[PubMed:31762679] [] [DOI] (P p)

Gun-He Nam, Kyung-Jo Jo, Ye-Seul Park, Hye Won Kawk, Sang-Yong Kim, Young-Min Kim
Front Oncol: 2019, 9;406
[PubMed:31192119] [] [DOI] (P e)

Tunyu Jian, Chen Yu, Xiaoqin Ding, Jian Chen, Jiawei Li, Yuanyuan Zuo, Bingru Ren, Han Lv, Weilin Li
Hepatoprotective Effect of Seed Coat ofEuryale ferox Extract in Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Induced by High-fat Diet in Mice by Increasing IRs-1 and Inhibiting CYP2E1.
J Oleo Sci: 2019, 68(6);581-589
[PubMed:31092797] [] [DOI] (I p)

Wen-Na Zhang, Ri-Na Su, Li-Li Gong, Wei-Wei Yang, Juan Chen, Rui Yang, Ya Wang, Wen-Juan Pan, Yong-Ming Lu, Yan Chen
Structural characterization and in vitro hypoglycemic activity of a glucan from Euryale ferox Salisb. seeds.
Carbohydr Polym: 2019, 209;363-371
[PubMed:30732819] [] [DOI] (I p)

Nitish Kumar, Shweta Rani, Gaurav Kuamr, Swati Kumari, Indu Shekhar Singh, S Gautam, Binod Kumar Choudhary
Physiological and biochemical responses of Makhana (Euryale ferox) to gamma irradiation.
J Biol Phys: 2019, 45(1);1-12
[PubMed:30361812] [] [DOI] (I p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects