Euphorbia maculata

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P159 2.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Euphorbia maculata

Euphorbia maculata in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Dijincao

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Creeping Euphorbia

Specific Name  : Herba euphorbiae humifusae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in summer and autumn, removed from foreign matter and dried in the sun.

Description  : Herb of Euphorbia humifusa: Frequently crumpled and curved, roots thin, stems thin, furcate branched, externally purplish-red, glabrous or sparsely white furry, texture fragile, fracture yellowish white. Hollowed in the center. Leaves simple, opposite with pale red, short petioles or almost sessile, lamina mostly crumpled or fallen off when whole. Long elliptic 5 - 10mm long, 4 - 6mm wide, green or purplish red, frequently glabrous or sparsely furry, apex obtusely rounded, base oblique, margin serrulated or slightly sinuous. Cup shaped cyme axillary, small. Capsules triangular-spherical, externally smooth, seeds small, ovoid, brown, odorless, taste slightly astringent.Herb of Euphorbia maculata: Leaves with red spots on the upper surface, capsules sparsely white furry.

Identification  : Powder greenish brown, outer walls of the leaves epidermal cells papillary. Surrounding cells of the fine vein ends in mesophyll arranged radiately in circles. Non-glandular hairs 3 - 8 celled, about 14µm in diameter mostly broken. Non-articulate laticiferous tubes containing fine lamellar starch granules.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, spray with water, soften briefly, cut into sections and dry in the sun.

Action  : To remove toxic heat and to arrest bleeding by reducing heat in blood.

Indication  : dysentery colitis; hemoptysis; hematuria; hemotchezia, abnormal uterine bleeding; boils, carbuncles

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 20 g; or 30 to 60 g of the fresh herb; appropriate quantity for external use.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place.

P159 2.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Euphorbia maculata

Euphorbia maculata in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Dijincao

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Creeping Euphorbia

Specific Name  : Herba euphorbiae humifusae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in summer and autumn, removed from foreign matter and dried in the sun.

Description  : Herb of Euphorbia humifusa: Frequently crumpled and curved, roots thin, stems thin, furcate branched, externally purplish-red, glabrous or sparsely white furry, texture fragile, fracture yellowish white. Hollowed in the center. Leaves simple, opposite with pale red, short petioles or almost sessile, lamina mostly crumpled or fallen off when whole. Long elliptic 5 - 10mm long, 4 - 6mm wide, green or purplish red, frequently glabrous or sparsely furry, apex obtusely rounded, base oblique, margin serrulated or slightly sinuous. Cup shaped cyme axillary, small. Capsules triangular-spherical, externally smooth, seeds small, ovoid, brown, odorless, taste slightly astringent.Herb of Euphorbia maculata: Leaves with red spots on the upper surface, capsules sparsely white furry.

Identification  : Powder greenish brown, outer walls of the leaves epidermal cells papillary. Surrounding cells of the fine vein ends in mesophyll arranged radiately in circles. Non-glandular hairs 3 - 8 celled, about 14µm in diameter mostly broken. Non-articulate laticiferous tubes containing fine lamellar starch granules.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, spray with water, soften briefly, cut into sections and dry in the sun.

Action  : To remove toxic heat and to arrest bleeding by reducing heat in blood.

Indication  : dysentery colitis; hemoptysis; hematuria; hemotchezia, abnormal uterine bleeding; boils, carbuncles

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 20 g; or 30 to 60 g of the fresh herb; appropriate quantity for external use.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place.

P159 2.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Euphorbia maculata

Euphorbia maculata in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Dijincao

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Creeping Euphorbia

Specific Name  : Herba euphorbiae humifusae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in summer and autumn, removed from foreign matter and dried in the sun.

Description  : Herb of Euphorbia humifusa: Frequently crumpled and curved, roots thin, stems thin, furcate branched, externally purplish-red, glabrous or sparsely white furry, texture fragile, fracture yellowish white. Hollowed in the center. Leaves simple, opposite with pale red, short petioles or almost sessile, lamina mostly crumpled or fallen off when whole. Long elliptic 5 - 10mm long, 4 - 6mm wide, green or purplish red, frequently glabrous or sparsely furry, apex obtusely rounded, base oblique, margin serrulated or slightly sinuous. Cup shaped cyme axillary, small. Capsules triangular-spherical, externally smooth, seeds small, ovoid, brown, odorless, taste slightly astringent.Herb of Euphorbia maculata: Leaves with red spots on the upper surface, capsules sparsely white furry.

Identification  : Powder greenish brown, outer walls of the leaves epidermal cells papillary. Surrounding cells of the fine vein ends in mesophyll arranged radiately in circles. Non-glandular hairs 3 - 8 celled, about 14µm in diameter mostly broken. Non-articulate laticiferous tubes containing fine lamellar starch granules.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, spray with water, soften briefly, cut into sections and dry in the sun.

Action  : To remove toxic heat and to arrest bleeding by reducing heat in blood.

Indication  : dysentery colitis; hemoptysis; hematuria; hemotchezia, abnormal uterine bleeding; boils, carbuncles

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 20 g; or 30 to 60 g of the fresh herb; appropriate quantity for external use.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place.

P159 2.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Euphorbia maculata

Euphorbia maculata in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Dijincao

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Creeping Euphorbia

Specific Name  : Herba euphorbiae humifusae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in summer and autumn, removed from foreign matter and dried in the sun.

Description  : Herb of Euphorbia humifusa: Frequently crumpled and curved, roots thin, stems thin, furcate branched, externally purplish-red, glabrous or sparsely white furry, texture fragile, fracture yellowish white. Hollowed in the center. Leaves simple, opposite with pale red, short petioles or almost sessile, lamina mostly crumpled or fallen off when whole. Long elliptic 5 - 10mm long, 4 - 6mm wide, green or purplish red, frequently glabrous or sparsely furry, apex obtusely rounded, base oblique, margin serrulated or slightly sinuous. Cup shaped cyme axillary, small. Capsules triangular-spherical, externally smooth, seeds small, ovoid, brown, odorless, taste slightly astringent.Herb of Euphorbia maculata: Leaves with red spots on the upper surface, capsules sparsely white furry.

Identification  : Powder greenish brown, outer walls of the leaves epidermal cells papillary. Surrounding cells of the fine vein ends in mesophyll arranged radiately in circles. Non-glandular hairs 3 - 8 celled, about 14µm in diameter mostly broken. Non-articulate laticiferous tubes containing fine lamellar starch granules.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, spray with water, soften briefly, cut into sections and dry in the sun.

Action  : To remove toxic heat and to arrest bleeding by reducing heat in blood.

Indication  : dysentery colitis; hemoptysis; hematuria; hemotchezia, abnormal uterine bleeding; boils, carbuncles

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 20 g; or 30 to 60 g of the fresh herb; appropriate quantity for external use.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place.

Synonymns for Euphorbia maculata

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Euphorbia maculata

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Euphorbia maculata in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Jialin Yu, Arnold W Schumann, Zhe Cao, Shaun M Sharpe, Nathan S Boyd
Weed Detection in Perennial Ryegrass With Deep Learning Convolutional Neural Network.
Front Plant Sci: 2019, 10;1422
[PubMed:31737026] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

P W Crous, J J Luangsa-Ard, M J Wingfield, A J Carnegie, M Hernández-Restrepo, L Lombard, J Roux, R W Barreto, I G Baseia, J F Cano-Lira, M P Martín, O V Morozova, A M Stchigel, B A Summerell, T E Brandrud, B Dima, D García, A Giraldo, J Guarro, L F P Gusmão, P Khamsuntorn, M E Noordeloos, S Nuankaew, U Pinruan, E Rodríguez-Andrade, C M Souza-Motta, R Thangavel, A L van Iperen, V P Abreu, T Accioly, J L Alves, J P Andrade, M Bahram, H-O Baral, E Barbier, C W Barnes, E Bendiksen, E Bernard, J D P Bezerra, J L Bezerra, E Bizio, J E Blair, T M Bulyonkova, T S Cabral, M V Caiafa, T Cantillo, A A Colmán, L B Conceição, S Cruz, A O B Cunha, B A Darveaux, A L da Silva, G A da Silva, G M da Silva, R M F da Silva, R J V de Oliveira, R L Oliveira, J T De Souza, M Dueñas, H C Evans, F Epifani, M T C Felipe, J Fernández-López, B W Ferreira, C N Figueiredo, N V Filippova, J A Flores, J Gené, G Ghorbani, T B Gibertoni, A M Glushakova, R Healy, S M Huhndorf, I Iturrieta-González, M Javan-Nikkhah, R F Juciano, Ž Jurjević, A V Kachalkin, K Keochanpheng, I Krisai-Greilhuber, Y-C Li, A A Lima, A R Machado, H Madrid, O M C Magalhães, P A S Marbach, G C S Melanda, A N Miller, S Mongkolsamrit, R P Nascimento, T G L Oliveira, M E Ordoñez, R Orzes, M A Palma, C J Pearce, O L Pereira, G Perrone, S W Peterson, T H G Pham, E Piontelli, A Pordel, L Quijada, H A Raja, E Rosas de Paz, L Ryvarden, A Saitta, S S Salcedo, M Sandoval-Denis, T A B Santos, K A Seifert, B D B Silva, M E Smith, A M Soares, S Sommai, J O Sousa, S Suetrong, A Susca, L Tedersoo, M T Telleria, D Thanakitpipattana, N Valenzuela-Lopez, C M Visagie, M Zapata, J Z Groenewald
Fungal Planet description sheets: 785-867.
Persoonia: 2018, 41;238-417
[PubMed:30728607] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Yi Sun, Liang-Liang Gao, Meng-Yue Tang, Bao-Min Feng, Yue-Hu Pei, Ken Yasukawa
##Title##
Molecules: 2018, 23(9);
[PubMed:30135395] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Dan Xie, Yu Wu, Jia-Wei Xiao, Zheng-Xin Xie, Yong-Xin Chen, Wen-Qi He, Dai-Gui Zhang
[New records of medicinal plants in Hubei].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi: 2017, 42(22);4436-4440
[PubMed:29318848] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Se-Uk Kwon, Ji-Yoon Cha, Hoon-Yeon Lee, Mingjie Xin, Su-Jeong Ji, Dae-Ki Kim, Do-Sim Park, Mi-Kyung Pyo, Young-Mi Lee
Chloroform fraction of Euphorbia maculata has antiplatelet activity via suppressing thromboxane B2 formation.
Mol Med Rep: 2015, 11(6);4255-61
[PubMed:25672843] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects